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  • Sonoelectrochemistry for Energy and Environmental Applications
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2020-01-20
    Jayaraman Theerthagiri; Jagannathan Madhavan; Seung Jun Lee; Myong Yong Choi; Muthupandian Ashokkumar; Bruno G. Pollet
    更新日期:2020-01-21
  • Manothermosonication (MTS) treatment by a continuous-flow system: effects on the degradation kinetics and microstructural characteristics of citrus pectin
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2020-01-20
    Wenjun Wang; Weijun Chen; Ozan Kahraman; Thunthacha Chantapakul; Tian Ding; Donghong Liu; Hao Feng

    Modified pectin (MP) was reported to have increased bioactivities compared with the original one. However, traditional modification methods such as using an acidic solvent with heating are not only costly but causing severe pollution as well. In this study, manothermosonication (MTS) with a continuous-flow system was utilized to modify citrus pectin. The citrus pectin (5 g/L) treated by MTS (3.23 W/mL, 400 kPa, 45°C) exhibited lower Mw (248.17 kDa) and PDI (2.76). The pectin treated by MTS (400 KPa, 45°C, 5 min) exhibited a narrower Mw distribution and more degradation (48.8%) than the US-treated (23.8%). Pectin degradation data fitted well to kinetic model of 1/Mwt -1/Mw0 = kt (45 to 65 °C). A lower activation energy of 13.33 kJ/mol was observed in the MTS treatment compared with the US-treated (16.38 kJ/mol). The MTS-treated pectin lowered the degree of methoxylation (DM), mol% of rhamnose and galacturonic acid (GalA) while increased mol% of galactose (Gal), xylose (Xyl), and arabinose (Ara). The 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance showed that MTS could not alter the primary structures of citrus pectin. However, an elevated (Gal+Ara)/Rha and reduced GalA/(Rha+Ara+Gal+Xyl) molar ratios after MTS suggested that MTS resulted in more significant degradation on the main chains and less on the side chains of pectin, in agreement with the result of atomic force microscope. Moreover, the MTS-treated pectin exhibited a higher 1,1-diphenyl-2picryl hydrazyl radical scavenging capacity compared with original pectin.

    更新日期:2020-01-21
  • Enhancement of Lysozyme Crystallization under Ultrasound Field
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2020-01-18
    Yafei Mao; Fei Li; Ting Wang; Xiaowei Cheng; Guiping Li; Danning Li; Xiunan Zhang; Hongxun Hao

    With the increasing demand for biopharmaceuticals, a method to crystallize biomolecule products with high quality, high yield and uniform size distribution as well as regular crystal habit is needed. In this work, ultrasound was used as a nucleation accelerator to decrease the energy barrier for lysozyme crystal formation. Crystallization experiments on egg-white lysozyme were carried out with and without ultrasound. The effect of ultrasound on induction time, metastable zone width, crystal size and morphology and process yield was investigated in detail. The nucleation-promoting effect produced by ultrasound is illustrated by the reduction of metastable zone width and induction time. By inducing faster nucleation, ultrasound leads to protein crystals grow at lower supersaturation levels with shorter induction time. It was found that ultrasound could result in uniform size distribution of the product due to the preventing of aggregation. However, long time continuous application of ultrasound could result in smaller particle size. Hence, ultrasonic-stop method was found to be a more appropriate strategy to enhance the crystallization process of proteins such as lysozyme.

    更新日期:2020-01-21
  • Fabrication of ultrasound-mediated tunable graphene oxide nanoscrolls
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2020-01-18
    Ankush D. Sontakke; M.K. Purkait
    更新日期:2020-01-21
  • Study on ultrasonic-electrochemical treatment for difficult-to-settle slime water
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2020-01-18
    Yue Zhao; Liang Meng; Xiaoning Shen

    The treatment of slime water not only has a direct impact on the economic benefits of the coal preparation plant, but also has an important significance for the conservation and utilization of the environment and water resources in the mining area. However, under the background of increasing mechanization level of coal mining, the proportion of fine coal is increasing, and the slime water exhibits fine, high and sticky characteristics in terms of particle size, ash, and viscosity, making it difficult for the slime water to settle. In this paper, research on the treatment of difficult-to-settle slime water by ultrasound-electrochemistry is investigated. The principle of the ultrasonic-electrochemical method for treating difficult-to-settle slime water is discussed. The effects of electrodes, electrolytes, ultrasonic energy density and ultrasonic time on treatment of difficult-to-settle slime water are analyzed. Results show that ultrasound-electrochemical pretreatment for difficult-to-settle slime water is not a simple superposition of the two treatment methods, and ultrasound can promote the electrochemical reaction. The optimal ultrasonic parameters are given: ultrasonic frequency, energy density and ultrasonic time are 29kHz, 0.5W/m3 and 4min respectively. Based on the basic properties of the micro-charge on the surface of coal particles, the flocculation sedimentation can be promoted effectively by the combination of sonochemical and electrochemical methods. Finally, the research status of the new treatment technology for difficult-to-settle slime water is discussed, and the development trend is pointed out.

    更新日期:2020-01-21
  • Ultrasonication-aided synthesis of nanoplates-like Iron molybdate: Fabricated over glassy carbon electrode as an modified electrode for the selective determination of first generation antihistamine drug promethazine hydrochloride
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2020-01-18
    Balamurugan Arumugam; Balamurugan Muthukutty; Shen-Ming Chen; Sayee Kannan Ramaraj; Jeyaraj Vinoth Kumar; E.R. Nagarajan

    The innovation of novel and proficient nanostructured materials for the precise level determination of pharmaceuticals in biological fluids is quite crucial to the researchers. With this in mind, we synthesized iron molybdate nanoplates (Fe2(MoO4)3; FeMo NPs) via simple ultrasonic -assisted technique (70 kHz with a power of 100W). The FeMo NPs were used as the efficient electrocatalyst for electrochemical oxidation of first-generation antihistamine drug- Promethazine hydrochloride (PMH). The as-synthesized FeMo NPs were characterized and confirmed by various characterization techniques such as XRD, Raman, FT-IR, FE-SEM, EDX and Elemental mapping analysis and electron impedance spectroscopy (EIS). In addition, the electrochemical characteristic features of FeMo NPs were scrutinized by electrochemical techniques like cyclic voltammetry (CV) and differential pulse voltammetry technique (DPV). Interestingly, the developed FeMo NPs modified glassy carbon electrode (FeMo NPs/GCE) discloses higher peak current with lesser anodic potential on comparing to bare GCE including wider linear range (0.01 – 122 µM), lower detection limit (0.01 µM) and greater sensitivity (0.97 µAµM-1cm-2). Moreover, the as-synthesized FeMo NPs applied for selectivity, reproducibility, repeatability and storage ability to investigate the practical viability. In the presence of interfering species like cationic, anionic and biological samples, the oxidation peak current response doesn’t cause any variation results disclose good selectivity towards the detection of PMH. Additionally, the practical feasibility of the FeMo NPs/GCE was tested by real samples like, commercial tablet (Phenergan 25 mg Tablets) and Lake water samples which give satisfactory recovery results. All the above consequences made clear that the proposed sensor FeMo NPs/GCE exhibits excellent electrochemical behavior for electrochemical determination towards oxidation of antihistaminic drug PMH.

    更新日期:2020-01-21
  • Recent advances of ultrasound-assisted Maillard reaction
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2020-01-15
    Hang Yu; Qili Zhong; Yang Liu; Yahui Guo; Yunfei Xie; Weibiao Zhou; Weirong Yao

    Maillard reaction (MR) is one of the most important chemical reactions in the food science domain with a long history of more than 100 years. As for ultrasound-assisted MR (US-MR), it has gradually drawn attention in a recent decade. Purpose of this paper is to provide a systematic review on recent advances of US-MR in model systems, glycation of protein, and food processing. Fundamental studies on simple MR model systems (i.e. reducing sugar and amino acid) have reported a promoted generation of colored and volatile MR products (MRPs). Critical steps influenced by US and possible mechanisms have been elucidated simultaneously. Other studies focused on modification of proteins which undergoes a glycation between proteins and saccharides as the initial stage of MR. Since the MR rate is extremely low in the presence of protein and saccharide, US becomes a promising mean of promoting the glycation. As a result, a number of functional properties of glycated protein obtained by US are significantly promoted, which extend their utilization in the food industry. The rest of studies reviewed in this article are concentrated on applying US to process real foods. Many attributes changed during US-assisted processing are induced by MR. Positive aspects brought by the promoted US-MR include enhanced antioxidant capacity and organoleptic properties (e.g. desirable color, low bitterness, enhanced flavor, etc.), as well as inhibited hazards (e.g. advanced glycation end-products, acrylamide, etc.) formed in the processed foods. Meanwhile, the promoted MR by US may also inevitably bring some negative aspects to the processed foods due to unfavored yellowish/browning colors, off-flavors and hazard components.

    更新日期:2020-01-15
  • Numerical simulations of stable cavitation bubble generation and primary Bjerknes forces in a three-dimensional nonlinear phased array focused ultrasound field
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2020-01-14
    Christian Vanhille

    We present a model developed for studying the generation of stable cavitation bubbles and their motion in a three-dimensional volume of liquid with axial symmetry under the effect of finite-amplitude phased array focused ultrasound. The density of bubbles per unit volume is determined by a nonlinear law which is a threshold-dependent function of the negative acoustic pressure reached in the liquid, in which nuclei are initially distributed. The nonlinear mutual interaction of ultrasound and bubble oscillations is modeled by a nonlinear coupled differential system formed by the wave and a Rayleigh-Plesset equations, for which both the pressure and the bubble oscillation variables are unknown. The system, which accounts for nonlinearity, dispersion, and attenuation due to the bubbles, is solved by numerical approximations. The nonlinear acoustic pressure field is then used to evaluate the primary Bjerknes force field and to predict the subsequent motion of bubbles. In order to illustrate the procedure, a medium-high and a low ultrasonic frequency configurations are assumed. Simulation results show where bubbles are generated, the nonlinear effects they have on ultrasound, and where they are relocated. Despite many physical restrictions and thanks to its particularities (two nonlinear coupled fields, bubble generation, bubble motion), the numerical model used in this work gives results that show qualitative coherence with data observed experimentally in the framework of stable cavitation and suggest their usefulness in some application contexts.

    更新日期:2020-01-15
  • 更新日期:2020-01-15
  • Nonlinear dynamics of a cavitation bubble pair near a rigid boundary in a standing ultrasonic wave field
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2020-01-13
    Xiao Huang; Haibao Hu; Shuai Li; A-Man Zhang

    The dynamics of a micrometer-sized bubble pair in water near a rigid boundary under standing ultrasonic wave excitation is investigated in this study. The viscous effect in the boundary layer at the air-water interface is considered following the viscous correction model. The evolution of the bubble surface at the collapsing stage of the bubble pair is presented for different parameter sets. The field pressure near the rigid boundary, which is induced by the oscillating bubble pair, and the high-speed water jet at the collapse stage, form the main focus of the analysis. This reveals that a horizontal configuration of the bubble pair retards the strength of the bubble jet towards the boundary, whilst a vertical configuration, especially with differently-sized bubbles, can enhance the bubble collapse. This study may help to understand the interaction of multiple bubbles in an acoustic field and its application to surface cleaning.

    更新日期:2020-01-13
  • Effect of ultrasound, heating and enzymatic pre-treatment on bioactive compounds in juice from Berberis amurensis Rupr
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2020-01-13
    Elżbieta Radziejewska-Kubzdela; Artur Szwengiel; Henryk Ratajkiewicz; Kinga Nowak

    The aim of the study was to assess the influence of ultrasound (frequency 20 kHz, amplitude 70%, power 140 W for 10 min), heating (80 °C, 5 min) and enzymatic pre-treatment of mash (50 °C, Rohapect 10L at a dose of 0.23 g/1,000 g, maceration time 60 min) on the yield, the content of phenolic compounds (including anthocyanins), ascorbic acid, and the antioxidative capacity of Berberis amurensis juice. Additionally, the polyphenols profile of this raw material and juices was identified. 25 phenolic compounds were identified in the fruit and 24 in juices. The content of phenolics in the fruit was 636 mg/100 g. Chlorogenic acid, 4-hydroxybenzoate and quercetin 3-O-glicoside were predominant. The content of anthocyanins in the fruit was 217 mg/100 g f.w., where peonidin-3-O-glucoside (98%) was predominant. The content of ascorbic acid amounted to 16.60 mg/100 g. The yield of the barberry juice pressing process ranged from 56% to 60% – there were no differences between the mash treatment methods. The enzymatic and thermal treatment of the mash resulted in the highest content of phenolic compounds in the juice. The sonication resulted in the highest content of anthocyanins, including peonidin-3-O-glucoside, as the main anthocyanin. The thermal treatment of the mash resulted in a lower loss of ascorbic acid than the other methods. The juice from the mash subjected to pectinolysis or heat treatment exhibited the highest antioxidative capacity. Keywords: barberry, juice, sonication, heating, enzymatic pre-treatment

    更新日期:2020-01-13
  • Preparation of sonoactivated TiO2-DVDMS nanocomposite for enhanced antibacterial activity
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2020-01-11
    Yihui Wang; Yue Sun; Shupei Liu; Lijuan Zhi; Xiaobing Wang

    Titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticle has good photo-/sono-catalytic features, the reunion of this particle in solution-phase generally limits the extensive biomedical application. In the present study, the aggregation of TiO2 nanoparticles was alleviated by facile fabrication under different pH conditions. A novel TiO2 nanocomposite was further synthesized by properly conjugation with trace amount of DVDMS sensitizer (named DFT). The characterization, sonoactivity, as well as the antibacterial efficiency were specially evaluated. The results showed that the sonochemical activity of DFT was greatly improved as compared with the simple surface modification of TiO2 (F-TiO2) and free DVDMS, regarding to the hydroxyl radicals and singlet oxygen yields using the same ultrasound exposure. Moreover, ultrasonic stimulation of DFT exhibited excellent bacterial eradication, with up to 92.41% of killing efficiency in S. aureus. The flow cytometry analysis indicated an increased intracellular ROS and membrane disturbance by combination of DFT and ultrasound. The findings suggest that the proper fabrication and DVDMS incorporation greatly improved the sonocatalytic process of TiO2, and the ultrasound based biomedical applications of DFT deserve future deep investigation.

    更新日期:2020-01-13
  • Green synthesis of garlic oil nanoemulsion using ultrasonication technique and its mechanism of antifungal action against Penicillium italicum
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2020-01-11
    Yuan Long; Wenqian Huang; Qingyan Wang; Guiyan Yang

    Penicillium italicum (P. italicum) can cause significant economic loss of fruits and vegetables. Although garlic oil (GO) is an effective antimicrobial agent, the unstability and hydrophobicity limit its use as an environmentally friendly alternative to the conventional antibiotics against P. italicum. In this study, we focused on the fabrication and characterization of a functional GO nanoemulsion (NE) using ultrasonic technique and revealed the antifungal mechanism of the GO NE on P. italicum based on morphological, structural and molecular analyses. The optimal hydrophilic lipophilic balance (HLB) value determined for GO was 14 through the combination of Tween 80 and Span 80. Then the Box-Benhnken Design (BBD) was applied to produce the GO NE and the effects of different fabrication parameters on the particle size were evaluated. The optimal GO NE was selected with the GO concentration of 5.5%, the Smix concentration of 10%, the ultrasonic time of 5 min and the power of 50%. This GO NE had the smallest particle size of 52.27 nm, the best antifungal effect and the most stability. Furthermore, the antifungal mechanism of the GO NE on P. italicum was evaluated by extracellular conductivity, micro-Raman spectra, fluorescence imaging and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) imaging. The results presented that the GO NE retained the antifungal active ingredients. The fungal cell structure and morphology were malformed after treated with GO NE and the lipids, nucleic acids and protein of P. italicum were destructed. Finally, the optimal GO NE was applied in vivo and P. italicum in citrus was successfully inhibited. It indicated that the optimal GO NE possessed the better antifungal activity against P. italicum than the pure GO. Besides, the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of GO after preparing into the NE was changed from 3.7% to 0.01265% with about 300 times improvement of bioavailability. Therefore, the synthetic GO NE which promoted the bioavailability of GO was recommended as a promising alternative to inhibit P. italicum in vegetables and fruits.

    更新日期:2020-01-13
  • Synthesis of bio-functional nanoparticles from sono-responsive amino acids using high frequency ultrasound
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2020-01-10
    Sukhvir Kaur Bhangu; Muthupandian Ashokkumar; Francesca Cavalieri

    A simple, one-pot high frequency ultrasonication (490 kHz) methodology to convert hydrophobic and amphipathic amino acids into nanostructures was investigated. The approach involved the oxidative coupling of aromatic amino acids (phenylalanine and tryptophan) in aqueous solutions to form high molecular weight dimers and oligomers. The role of cavitation bubble surface and ultrasonic power to trigger the out-of-equilibrium self-assembly of dimers and trimers to spherical and uniform nanostructures with controlled size has been discussed. The synthesized particles exhibited fluorescence in blue, green and red spectral regions and a strong antioxidant activity.

    更新日期:2020-01-10
  • Effects and mechanism of ultrasound pretreatment of protein on the Maillard reaction of protein-hydrolysate from grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella)
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2020-01-09
    Xue Yang; Yunliang Li; Songtao Li; Xiaofeng Ren; Ayobami Olayemi Oladejo; Feng Lu; Haile Ma

    The effects of two types (energy-divergent/gathered) of ultrasound pretreatment of protein on the Maillard reaction of protein-hydrolysate from grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) were studied. The test and analysis of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, surface hydrophobicity and atomic force microscopy of protein, peptide concentration, molecular weight distribution and free amino acid content of protein-hydrolysate were performed to reveal the mechanism. Also, the sensory characteristics of Maillard reaction products were evaluated. Results showed that Maillard reaction products presented higher absorbance value at 294 and 420 nm after pretreated by two types of ultrasound compared to that of control. The grafting degree value of products pretreated by energy-divergent ultrasound increased by 13.87%. Both of these two types of ultrasound pretreatment showed higher (p<0.05) value of grafting degree compared to that of positive control (thermal denaturation). The random coil content and surface hydrophobicity of protein improved significantly (p<0.05), and the depth distribution of protein molecules narrowed down after pretreated by ultrasound, especially energy-divergent type ultrasound. The change of protein structure increased small molecular peptide/amino acid content in protein-hydrolysate, so that it promoted the Maillard reaction process of protein-hydrolysate and glucose. The mouthfulness and overall acceptance of Maillard reaction products increased after pretreated by two types of ultrasound. Results indicated that ultrasound, especially energy-divergent type ultrasound pretreatment of protein was an effective method to promote Maillard reaction evolution of protein-hydrolysate from grass carp protein and improved the flavor of Maillard reaction products.

    更新日期:2020-01-10
  • Extraction of silver from a refractory silver ore by sono-cyanidation
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2020-01-09
    Emin Cafer Cilek; Hasan Ciftci; Sermin Goksu Karagoz; Gozde Tuzci

    In this study, effect of ultrasound on silver extraction from a refractory silver ore containing both native silver and various silver sulphide minerals was investigated. Main effects and interaction effects of pulp density, ultrasonic frequency, cyanide concentration, air flow rate and agitation speed on the extraction rate of silver were studied by a two-level fractional factorial experimental design. A few additional cyanidation tests were also conducted to verify the findings of the designed experiments It was found that the overall extraction yield was varied from 67% to 90% depending on the operating conditions used in the sono-cyanidation tests (48 h). However, it was varied from 63% to 80% by same operating conditions used in the direct cyanidation tests at the same cyanidation time. It was observed that an increase in the ultrasonic frequency has a negligible effect on the silver recovery. More importantly, it was determined that there were insignificant differences between the 24-h sono-cyanidation results and the 48-h direct cyanidation results for each cyanidation conditions. This finding, which is very important from the cyanidation practice standpoint, indicates that the cyanidation time can be reduced up to 50%, or the capacity of an operating silver extraction plant can be increased up to 100% by the sono-cyanidation by the refractory silver ores. In order to describe the rate of silver dissolution in the cyanide solutions, the experimental data were analysed using shrinking core models. It was found that there is a good fit between the experimental data and the models, indicating the rate of silver dissolution in cyanide can be described by a two-stage, porous layer diffusion controlled, shrinking core model.

    更新日期:2020-01-10
  • Numerical investigation of cavitation generated by an ultrasonic dental scaler tip vibrating in a compressible liquid
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2020-01-09
    K.M.A. Manmi; W.B. Wu; N. Vyas; W.R. Smith; Q.X. Wang; A.D. Walmsley

    Bacterial biofilm accumulation around dental implants is a significant problem leading to peri-implant diseases and implant failure. Cavitation occurring in the cooling water around ultrasonic scaler tips can be used as a novel solution to remove debris without any surface damage. However, current clinically available instruments provide insufficient cavitation around the activated tip surface. To solve this problem a critical understanding of the vibro-acoustic behaviour of the scaler tip and the associated cavitation dynamics is necessary. In this research, we carried out a numerical study for an ultrasound dental scaler with a curved shape tip vibrating in water, using ABAQUS based on the finite element method. We simulated the three-dimensional, nonlinear and transient interaction between the vibration and deformation of the scaler tip, the water flow around the scaler and the cavitation formation and dynamics. The numerical model was well validated with the experiments and there was excellent agreement for displacement at the free end of the scaler. A systematic parametric study has been carried out for the cavitation volume around the scaler tip in terms of the frequency, amplitude and power of the tip vibration. The numerical results indicate that the amount of cavitation around the scaler tip increases with the frequency and amplitude of the vibration. However, if the frequency is far from the natural frequency, the cavitation volume around the free end decreases due to reduced free end vibration amplitude.

    更新日期:2020-01-10
  • Instantaneous Integration of Magnetite Nanoparticles on Graphene Oxide Assisted by Ultrasound for Efficient Heavy Metal Ion Retrieval
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2020-01-09
    Jeseung Yoo; Hyo-Sun Kim; Sang-Yul Park; Suyong Kwon; Joohyun Lee; Jaseung Koo; Young-Soo Seo

    We fabricated a magnetite nanoparticle-graphene oxide (GO) hybrid via a non-chemical and one-step process assisted by ultrasound in an aqueous solution where the nanoparticle attached to the hydrophobic region on graphite oxide (multi-layered GO) which, at the same time, was exfoliated. Unlike chemical methods such as precipitation, oxygen-containing functional groups on GO have not been consumed or reduced during the hybridization, leading that this hybrid exhibited good water solubility and high adsorption capacity for heavy metal ions such as Pb(II) and Au(III). After the adsorption, the hybrid was instantly collected using a magnet. This method can be useful for hybridizing various nanoparticles with GO

    更新日期:2020-01-10
  • Effects of low-frequency ultrasonic pre-treatment in water / oil medium simulated system on the improved processing efficiency and quality of microwave-assisted vacuum fried potato chips
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2020-01-07
    Ya Su; Min Zhang; Bimal Chitrakar; Weiming Zhang

    The effects of low-frequency ultrasonic pre-treatment in water / oil medium simulated system on the improved processing efficiency and quality of microwave-assisted vacuum fried potato chips were investigated. The water medium system (distilled water and 5% NaCl osmotic solution) and oil medium system (90 ℃) were designed with different power levels of ultrasound to simulate the ultrasonic conditions. Results showed that the changes of moisture content, water loss, solid gain and dielectric properties of potato slices were facilitated by the ultrasonic treatment. LF-NMR analysis showed the binding force between the moisture and structure in the material was significantly (p<0.05) weakened. The changes become greater with the increase of ultrasonic power levels. Microscopic channels and disruptions were induced on the microstructure by the ultrasonic treatment. The effective moisture diffusivity of vacuum fried (VF) potato chips was increased by about 56.2%-67.0% and 53.9% with the combination of microwave energy and the ultrasonic pre-treatment in water and oil medium simulated system, respectively. The oil uptake, hardness, shrinkage, total color change and water activity of vacuum fried samples were significantly (p<0.05) decreased by the assist of microwave energy combined ultrasonic pre-treatment.

    更新日期:2020-01-07
  • Acoustic Resonance for Contactless Ultrasonic Cavitation in Alloy Melts
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2020-01-07
    C.E.H. Tonry; G. Djambazov; A. Dybalska; W.D. Griffiths; C. Beckwith; V. Bojarevics; K.A. Pericleous

    Contactless ultrasound is a novel, easily implemented, technique for the Ultrasonic Treatment (UST) of liquid metals. Instead of using a vibrating sonotrode probe inside the melt, which leads to contamination, we consider a high AC frequency electromagnetic coil placed close to the metal free surface. The coil induces a rapidly changing Lorentz force, which in turn excites sound waves. To reach the necessary pressure amplitude for cavitation with the minimum electrical energy use, it was found necessary to achieve acoustic resonance in the liquid volume, by finely tuning the coil AC supply frequency. The appearance of cavitation was then detected experimentally with an externally placed ultrasonic microphone and confirmed by the reduction in grain size of the solidified metal. To predict the appearance of various resonant modes numerically, the exact dimensions of the melt volume, the holding crucible, surrounding structures and their sound properties are required. As cavitation progresses the speed of sound in the melt changes, which in practice means resonance becomes intermittent. Given the complexity of the situation, two competing numerical models are used to compute the soundfield. A high order time-domain method focusing on a particular forcing frequency and a Helmholtz frequency domain method scanning the full frequency range of the power supply. A good agreement is achieved between the two methods and experiments which means the optimal setup for the process can be predicted with some accuracy.

    更新日期:2020-01-07
  • Localized enzymolysis and sonochemically modified sunflower protein: Physical, functional and structure attributes
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2020-01-03
    Mokhtar Dabbour; Jiahui Xiang; Benjamin Mintah; Ronghai He; Hui Jiang; Haile Ma

    Impacts of localized enzymolysis and sonication on physical, techno-functional, and structure attributes of sunflower meal protein (SMP) and its hydrolysate (SMPH) were studied. SMP was subjected to enzymolysis (using alcalase) to prepare SMPH with various degrees of hydrolysis (6 – 24% DH). Enzymolysis decreased colour lightness, turbidity, and particle size of unsonicated and sonicated SMP, while it increased the absolute values of zeta potential (P < 0.05). Sonication improved oil absorption capacity and dispersibility over unsonicated samples. Contrarily, sonicated preparations showed a decrease in water holding capacity. Intrinsic fluorescence and FTIR spectral analyses suggested that SMPH had more movable/flexible secondary structures than SMP. Moreover, the changes in sulfhydryl clusters and disulfide linkages following sonication demonstrated limited unfolding of SMP and SMPH structure and decrease in intermolecular interactions. SDS-PAGE profile exhibited significant reduction in molecular weight (MW) of sonicated SMP, whereas did not display differences between unsonicated and sonicated SMPH. From further MW analysis, SMPH was categorized with high proportion of small-sized peptides ≤ 3 kDa fractions, which increased from 78.64 to 93.01% (control) and from 82.3 to 93.88% (sonication) with enzymolysis (6 – 24DH). Localized enzymolysis and sonication can be utilised to modify the physical and conformational attributes of SMP and SMPH, which could enhance their functionalities and broaden the utilisation area in food industry.

    更新日期:2020-01-04
  • Facile photo-ultrasonic assisted synthesis of flower-like Pt/N-MoS2 microsphere as an efficient sonophotocatalyst for nitrogen fixation
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2020-01-02
    Hujiabudula Maimaitizi; Abulikemu Abulizi; Tao Zhang; Kenji Okitsu; Jun-jie Zhu

    Semiconductor photocatalytic technology is a sustainable and less energy consuming one for nitrogen (N2) reduction to produce ammonia (NH3). In this study, flower-like hierarchical N doped MoS2 (N-MoS2) microsphere was synthesized as a photocatalyst by one-step solvothermal method, which was assembled by numerous interleaving nanosheets petals with thin thickness. Besides, Pt nanoparticles were loaded on the surface of N-MoS2 via photo-ultrasonic reduction method. The as-prepared Pt/N-MoS2 photocatalyst exhibited higher N2 fixation ability than that over pure MoS2 and N-MoS2, which can be attributed to that the N doping narrows the band gap, and the Schottky barrier due to the existence of Pt nanoparticles improves the charge transfer and carrier separation. The reduction of N2 with ultrasonic irradiation was also investigated under visible light irradiation to evaluate the sonophotocatalytic activity of the Pt/N-MoS2 microsphere. The results showed that the N2 reduction rate of sonophotocatalysis (133.8 µmol/g(cat)h) was higher than that of sonocatalysis and photocatalysis, which can be ascribed to the synergistic effect of ultrasound and visible light irradiation. The effects of catalyst dosage, ultrasonic power and ultrasonic pulse on the photocatalytic efficiency were also studied. Meanwhile, a possible mechanism for improved sonophotocatalytic performance was also proposed.

    更新日期:2020-01-02
  • Optimizing the antioxidant biocompound recovery from peach waste extraction assisted by ultrasounds or microwaves
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2019-12-31
    S. Plazzotta; R. Ibarz; L. Manzocco; O. Martín-Belloso

    The possibility to valorize peach juice waste, either frozen or air-dried, through microwave (MAE) and ultrasound assisted extraction (UAE) was evaluated. MAE power, UAE amplitude and time were optimized using a 22-factorial design. For frozen waste, optimal MAE (540 W, 50 s) and UAE (23%, 120 s) processes gave extracts presenting analogous content (on 100 g dry matter) of polyphenols (309-317 mg GAE), flavonoids (94-120 mg QE), anthocyanins (8-9 mg CGE), and similar antioxidant activity (2.1-2.2 mg TE). Extracts from dried waste resulted higher in polyphenols (630-670 mg GAE) but lower in flavonoids (75-90 mg QE), anthocyanins and vitamin C (not detectable). Although developing an energy density 2-fold higher than that of UAE, MAE more efficaciously extracted vitamin C (108 mg/100 g dm) and required half extraction time (50 s). MAE would also be less impactful than UAE in terms of greenhouse gas emission and energy requirements on industrial scale. The industrial valorization of peach waste through the application of microwave and ultrasound assisted extraction requires quantitative data, able to encourage company interest and investment. This study not only identifies optimal MAE and UAE parameters to assist the extraction of peach waste bioactive compounds but also provides a preliminary estimation of the potential economic and environmental impact on an industrial scale of these technologies.

    更新日期:2019-12-31
  • Ultrasonic stimulation of the brain to enhance the release of dopamine - a potential novel treatment for Parkinson’s disease
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2019-12-31
    Tian Xu; Xiaoxiao Lu; Danhong Peng; Gongdao Wang; Chen Chen; Wen Liu; Wei Wu; Timothy J. Mason

    Parkinson’s disease (PD) is characterized by the decrease of dopamine (DA) production and release in the substantia nigra and striatum regions of the brain. Transcranial ultrasound has been exploited recently for neuromodulation of the brain in a number of fields. We have stimulated DA release in PC12 cells using low-intensity continuous ultrasound (0.1 W/cm2 - 0.3 W/cm2, 1 MHz), 12 h after exposure at 0.2 W/cm2, 40 s, the amount of DA content eventually increased 78.5% (p = 0.004). After 10-day ultrasonic treatment (0.3 W/cm2, 5 min/d), the DA content in the striatum of PD mice model restored to 81.07 % of the control (vs 43.42% in the untreated PD mice model). In addition to this the locomotion activity was restored to the normal level after treatment. We suggest that the low intensity ultrasound-induced DA release can be attributed to a combination of neuron regeneration and improved membrane permeability produced by the mechanical force of ultrasound. Our study indicates that the application of transcranial ultrasound applied below FDA limits, could provide a candidate for relatively safe and noninvasive PD therapy through an amplification of DA levels and the stimulation of dopaminergic neuron regeneration without contrast agents.

    更新日期:2019-12-31
  • Sonoelectrochemical hydrogenation of safrole: a reactor design, statistical analysis and computational fluid dynamic approach
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2019-12-30
    Josinete Angela da Paz; Frederico Duarte de Menezes; Thiago Matheus Guimarães Selva; Marcelo Navarro; José Ângelo Peixoto da Costa; Ronaldo Dionísio da Silva; Alvaro Antonio Ochoa Villa; Márcio Vilar
    更新日期:2019-12-30
  • Application of high-frequency ultrasound standing waves for the recovery of lipids from high-fat dairy effluent
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2019-12-30
    Geethu Gopinatha Kurup; Benu Adhikari; Bogdan Zisu

    Effect of high-frequency ultrasonication was examined on wastewater of a cheese manufacturing plant. Tests were carried out at two frequencies (500 kHz and 1 MHz) and two temperatures (22 and 40 oC). Samples were subjected to different energy densities; 7.5, 30.2, 60.5 and 121.0 J/mL at 500 kHz and 7.9, 31.7, 63.4 and 126.8 J/mL at 1 MHz to observe the creaming and recovery of lipid. These energy densities correspond to 30, 120, 240 and 480 seconds of sonication. Sonication was performed using a single plate transducer and reflector system at 40 W to create standing wave to coalesce and flocculate lipid globules. Recovery was higher at 40 oC after 480 seconds of sonication at both frequencies (77% at 500 kHz and 75% at 1 MHz). The lowest recovery of 47% was observed at 500 kHz and 22 oC at all applied energy densities. Changes in particle size and turbidity in the bottom aliquot indicated that high-frequency ultrasound caused coagulation and aggregation and settling of colloidal particles. Increase in particle size was observed to be highest at 1 MHz, 40 oC and 480 seconds of sonication. These results confirm that high-frequency ultrasound standing wave technology can be used to recover lipid from high-lipid dairy wastewater including that from cheese manufacturing.

    更新日期:2019-12-30
  • Application of ultrasound technology in processing of ready-to-eat fresh food: A review
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2019-12-30
    Fengying Chen; Min Zhang; Chao-hui Yang

    With the increase in food standardization and the pace of modern life, the demand for ready-to-eat foods is growing. The strong processing conditions of traditional technology often accelerate the rate of deterioration of quality, and microbes are the safety hazard of ready-to-eat foods. Ultrasound technology is an environmentally friendly technology that hardly causes thermal damage to raw materials. In this paper, the ultrasound technology is used in the disinfection, sterilization, enzyme inactivation, desensitization, dehydration, curing, tenderization and cooking process of fresh food from the perspective of microbial safety and quality of fresh food. The cavitation effect of ultrasound can improve the mass transfer rate of infiltration processes such as dehydration and curing, promote the oxidation of lipids and proteins for enrich the flavor of meat products, improve the microbiological safety and reduce the sensitization by destroying the integrity of the microbial cells and the conformation of the protein. In addition, ultrasound as an auxiliary processing technology can reduce the damage of traditional production technology to reserve the quality and nutritional value of food. Ultrasound has proved to be an efficient and green processing technology for ready-to-eat food.

    更新日期:2019-12-30
  • Experimental studies of bubble dynamics inside a corner
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2019-12-28
    Jie Cui; Zhi-Peng Chen; Qianxi Wang; Tao-Ran Zhou; Callan Corbett

    The dynamics of a bubble near a corner formed by two flat rigid boundaries (walls), is studied experimentally using a spark-generated bubble. The expansion, collapse, rebound, re-collapse and migration of the bubble, along with jetting and protrusion, are captured using a high-speed camera. Our experimental observations reveal the behaviour of the bubble in terms of the corner angle and the dimensionless standoff distances to the near and far walls in terms of the maximum bubble radius. The bubble remains approximately spherical during expansion except for its surface becoming flattened when in close proximity to a wall. When a bubble is initiated at the bisector of the two walls, the bubble becomes oblate along the bisector during the late stages of collapse. A jet forms towards the end of collapse, pointing to the corner. The closer the bubble to the two walls, the more oblate along the bisector the bubble becomes, and the wider the jet. A bubble initiated near one of the two walls is mainly influenced by the nearer wall. The jet formed is pointing to the near wall but inclined towards the corner. After the jet penetrates through the bubble surface, the bubble becomes a bubble ring, and a bubble protrusion forms following the jet. The bubble ring collapses and subsequently disappears, while the protrusion firstly expands, and then collapses and migrates to the corner.

    更新日期:2019-12-29
  • Ultrasound-assisted fermentation for cider production from Lebanese apples
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2019-12-28
    Marina Al Daccache; Mohamed Koubaa; Dominique Salameh; Richard G. Maroun; Nicolas Louka; Eugène Vorobiev

    The present work studies the impact of low-intensity ultrasound (US) on Hanseniaspora sp. yeast fermentations. The effect of pulse duration and growth phase on US application was first evaluated using a synthetic medium. The optimal conditions were then applied to apple juice US-assisted fermentation. An US treatment chamber was first designed to allow the recycling of the culture medium. The optimal US pulse duration on the yeast growth rate was of 0.5 s followed by 6 s rest period, and during 6 h of both Lag and Log phases. These US parameters led to a faster consumption of glucose in the medium during the fermentation, compared to the untreated culture. The impact of US was also depending on the growth phase, showing higher sensitivity of the yeast to US during the Lag phase rather than the Log phase. US-assisted fermentation of apple juice showed a significant increase in biomass growth and glucose consumption, along with a significant decrease in the ethanol yield. The fastest growth kinetic (by 52%), and the highest ethanol reduction (by 0.55% (v, v)) were obtained for the treatment during the first 12 h of fermentation, thereby, the stationary phase was reached faster, and the maximum biomass growth rate was 10 folds higher compared to the untreated culture. The results obtained in this study demonstrated the promising efficiency of US-assisted fermentation in stimulating the biomass growth and reducing the ethanol content in alcoholic beverages.

    更新日期:2019-12-29
  • Application of ultrasound technology in the drying of food products
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2019-12-27
    Dan Huang; Kaiyang Men; Dapeng Li; Tao Wen; Zhongliang Gong; Bengt Sunden; Zan Wu

    This study presents a state-of-the-art overview on the application of ultrasound technology in the drying of food products, including the ultrasound pre-treatment and ultrasound assisted drying. The effect of main parameters and ultrasound technology on the drying kinetics and food quality were discussed. Inconsistencies were pointed out and analyzed in detail. Results showed that for ultrasound pre-treatment, the food products may lose or gain water and increase of ultrasonic parameters (sonication time, amplitude and ultrasound power) promoted the water loss or water gain. When ultrasound technology was applied prior to drying, an increase in drying kinetics was always observed, though some different results were also presented. For ultrasound assisted drying, the ultrasound power always gave a positive effect on the drying process, however, the magnitude of ultrasound improvement was largely dependent on the process variables, such as air velocity, air temperature, microwave power and vacuum pressure, etc. The application of ultrasound technology will somehow affect the food quality, including the physical and chemical ones. Generally, the ultrasound application can decrease the water activity, improve the product color and reduce the nutrient loss.

    更新日期:2019-12-27
  • Potential-modulated Electrochemiluminescence of a Tris(2,2’-bipyridine)ruthenium(II)/Lidocaine System under 430 kHz Ultrasound Irradiation
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2019-12-26
    Fumiki Takahashi; Ryo Shimizu; Tomoyuki Nakazawa; Jiye Jin

    The electrochemiluminescence (ECL) of tris(2,2’-bipyridine)ruthenium(II) (Ru(bpy)32+) in the presence of lidocaine was investigated under ultrasound (US) irradiation. The sonoelectrochemical experiments are conducted by indirect irradiation of ultrasound with a piezoelectric transducer operating at 430 kHz. In a supporting electrolyte at pH 11, the Ru(bpy)32+/lidocaine system gave weak ECL peaks around +1.2 V and +1.45 V, respectively. The ECL signal at +1.2 V was attributed to redox reactions of the oxidative intermediates of Ru(bpy)32+ and lidocaine, while the signal at +1.45 V was assumed to be caused by an advanced oxidation process due to the generation of hydroxyl radicals (·OH) at the electrode surface. In this study, the potential modulation approach is employed in the study of ECL process upon US irradiations because it can suppress the noise components from sonoluminescence effectly and improve the resolution of ECL-potential profiles. It is found ECL signals were greatly enhanced upon US irradiation at the output power of 30 W, however, the relative intensity of ECL signal at +1.2 V was larger than that obtained with a rotating disk electrode even though the mass transport effect is equilvalent. The experiment results suggest that the chemical effect (i.e., generation of ·OH) by 430 kHz US becomes remarkable in the electrochemical process. Detailed ECL reaction routes under US are proposed in this study.

    更新日期:2019-12-27
  • Single-step sonochemical synthesis of Cu2O-CeO2 nanocomposites with enhanced photocatalytic oxidative desulfurization
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2019-12-26
    Mehdi Mousavi-Kamazani; Saeedeh Ashrafi

    In this paper, for the first time, composite nanostructures of Cu2O-CeO2 were prepared by a facile and single-step sonochemical method for thiophene photocatalytic oxidative desulfurization. Sonication was performed utilizing a high-intensity ultrasonic probe with a maximum output power of 80 Wcm-3 and operating frequency at 20 kHz. The direct effect of ultrasonic waves on the composition and morphology of the obtained products was also evaluated and it was found that under ultrasonic irradiation, Cu2O-CeO2 can be produced while the main product in the absence of ultrasonic waves is CuO-CeO2. Cu2O-CeO2 exhibits much higher photocatalytic efficiency (84%) than CuO-CeO2 (39%) due to its higher light absorption and electron synergistic effect. The effect of Ce:Cu on photocatalytic efficiency was examined by considering the ratios of 1:0.25, 1:1, 0.5:1, and 0.25:1 and yields of 64, 81, 84, and 76% were obtained, respectively. This indicates that there is an optimal value for the Ce:Cu ratio in the Cu2O-CeO2 nanocomposite.

    更新日期:2019-12-27
  • Study on ultrasound-assisted oxidative desulfurization for crude Oil
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2019-12-26
    Yinhe Lin; Li Feng; Xuhao Li; Yuning Chen; Guoliang Yin; Wen Zhou

    The existence of sulfur compounds in crude oil will bring many problems such as corrosion, catalyst poisoning and pollution to the petroleum processing process. Therefore, how to reduce the sulfur content as much as possible in the process of crude oil processing has become an important research topic in the petroleum processing industry. In this paper, ultrasonic-oxidative desulfurization is studied. The effects of reaction temperature, reaction time, amount of oxidant and demulsifier on desulfurization rate are investigated. And the effect of oxidative desulfurization and single oxidative desulfurization under ultrasonic treatment are compared. It is found that the addition of ultrasonic treatment can enhance the desulfurization effect of desulfurizer, the desulfurization efficiency can be increased by about 10% under ultrasonic treatment (100W, 70kHz); ultrasonic wave plays an auxiliary role in the system, it can promote heterogeneous reactions, improve the activity of oxidants, and promote the degradation of macromolecular compounds. Finally, physical desulfurization, chemical desulfurization and biological desulfurization technologies are compared.

    更新日期:2019-12-27
  • Xylooligosaccharides chemical stability after high-intensity ultrasound processing of prebiotic orange juice
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2019-12-24
    Eric Keven Silva; Henrique S. Arruda; Glaucia M. Pastore; M. Angela A. Meireles; Marleny D.A. Saldaña

    The effects of the high-intensity ultrasound (HIUS) technology at the nominal powers of 300, 600, 900, and 1200 W were evaluated on the chemical stability of xylooligosaccharides (XOS) used to enrich orange juice. The ultrasound energy performance for each nominal power applied to the XOS-enriched orange juice was determined by calculating acoustic powers (W), HIUS intensity (W/cm2), and energy density (kJ/mL). Physicochemical properties (pH and soluble solid content), organic acids content (ascorbic, malic, and citric acid), total phenolic content (TPC), antioxidant activity by the FRAP (Ferric reducing ability of plasma), sugars (glucose, fructose, and sucrose), and XOS (xylobiose, xylotriose, xylotetraose, xylopentaose, and xylohexaose) content were performed. pH and soluble solid content did not modify after all HIUS treatments. The HIUS process severity was monitored by using ascorbic acid content after the treatments. A significant linear decrease in the ascorbic acid content was observed in prebiotic orange juice with the HIUS process intensification by increasing nominal power. The malic and citric acid content presented a similar behavior according to the HIUS process intensification. The nominal power increase from 300 to 600 W increased the concentration of both organic acids, however, the intensification up to 1200 W reduced their concentration in the functional beverage. TPC and FRAP data corroborated with the results observed for the ascorbic acid content. However, the HIUS processing did not alter sugars and xylooligosaccharides content. The XOS chromatographic profiles were not modified by the HIUS treatment and presented the same amount of all prebiotic compounds before and after the high-energy processing. Overall, HIUS technology has been evaluated as a promising stabilization technique for prebiotic beverages enriched with XOS due to their high chemical stability to this emerging technology under severe process conditions.

    更新日期:2019-12-25
  • Ultrasound-assisted desolventizing of fragrant oil from red pepper seed by subcritical propane extraction
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2019-12-23
    Hua-Min Liu; Yong-Gang Yao; Yu-Xiang Ma; Xue-De Wang

    In the present study, ultrasound was used to remove the residual solvent from the fragrant oil of red pepper seed obtained by subcritical propane extraction. The physical and chemical characteristics, particularly the volatile flavor compounds present of the oil before and after ultrasound-assisted desolventizing were comprehensively analyzed to determine the effect of the desolventizing process on product quality. The results showed that the maximum loss of residual solvent was achieved at a temperature of 90 °C maintained for 70 min with ultrasound applied during the entire process. After this treatment only a small amount of solvent (2.3% based on the total residual solvent originally present) remained in the oil. Although it was hypothesized that ultrasound treatment could result in the loss of volatile components, the analytical results showed no obvious reduction in the components associated with the typical aroma of the oil. After ultrasonic treatment, the oil also had good oxidation stability and quality. Additionally, after ultrasonic desolventizing, the oil samples were more suitable for cooking because they could more effectively minimize oxidation. Thus, these results demonstrate that this new ultrasonic technique is an effective and efficient method for removing the solvent remaining in fragrant oil after subcritical propane extraction.

    更新日期:2019-12-25
  • Effect of the lactose source on the ultrasound-assisted enzymatic production of galactooligosaccharides and gluconic acid
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2019-12-23
    Fabián Rico-Rodríguez; Mar Villamiel; Laura Ruiz-Aceituno; Juan Carlos Serrato; Antonia Montilla

    It is well known that one of the main problems in galactooligosaccharide production (GOS) via tranglycosylation of lactose is the presence of monosaccharides that contribute to increasing the glycaemic index, as is the case of glucose. In this work, as well as studying the effect of ultrasound (US) on glucose oxidase (Gox) activation during gluconic acid (GA) production, we have carried out an investigation into the selective oxidation of glucose to gluconic acid in multienzymatic reactions (β-galactosidase (β-gal) and Gox) assisted by power US using different sources of lactose as substrate (lactose solution, whey permeate, cheese whey). In terms of the influence of matrix on GOS and GA production, lactose solution gave the best results, followed by cheese whey and whey permeate, salt composition being the most influential factor. The highest yields of GOS production with the lowest glucose concentration and highest GA production were obtained with lactose solution in multienzymatic systems in the presence of ultrasound (30% amplitude) when Gox was added after 1 hour of treatment with β-gal. This work demonstrates the ability of US to enhance efficiently the obtainment of prebiotic mixtures of low glycaemic index.

    更新日期:2019-12-25
  • Effect of scattered pressures from oscillating microbubbles on neuronal activity in mouse brain under transcranial focused ultrasound stimulation
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2019-12-19
    Zhiwei Cui; Dapeng Li; ShanShan Xu; Tianqi Xu; Shan Wu; Ayache Bouakaz; Mingxi Wan; Siyuan Zhang

    Previous studies have indicated that the presence of microbubbles (MBs) during sonication has an impact on neuronal activity, while the underlying mechanisms remain to be revealed. In this study, a model for the scattered pressures produced by the pulsating lipid-encapsulated MBs in mouse brain was developed to numerically investigate the effect of MBs on neuronal activity during transcranial focused ultrasound stimulation. The additional summed scattered pressure (Psummed_scat) from the oscillating MBs was calculated from the model. The level of neuronal activity was experimentally verified using an immunofluorescence assay with antibodies against c-fos. The pressure difference (ΔP) between acoustic pressures at which the same level of neuronal activity is excited by ultrasound stimulation with and without MBs was obtained from the experiments. The results showed that Psummed_scat accounts for about half of the ΔP when the MBs experience a “compression-only” response. The Psummed_scat suddenly increased at a critical acoustic pressure, around which a rapid enhancement of ΔP obtained from experiment also occurred. This work suggested that the additional scattered pressures from pulsating MBs is probably a mechanism that affects neuronal activity under transcranial focused ultrasound stimulation.

    更新日期:2019-12-20
  • Hydrodynamic cavitation-assisted continuous pre-treatment of sugarcane bagasse for ethanol production: effects of geometric parameters of the cavitation device
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2019-12-19
    Ruly Terán Hilares; Rafaela Medeiros Dionízio; Salvador Sanchez; Carina Aline Prado; Ruy de Sousa Júnior; Silvio Silvério da Silva; Júlio César Santos

    For biotechnological conversion of lignocellulosic biomass, a pre-treatment step is required before enzymatic hydrolysis of carbohydrate fractions of the material, which is required to produce fermentable sugars for generation of ethanol or other products in a biorefinery. The most of the reported pre-treatment technologies are in batch operation mode, presenting some disadvantages as dead times in the process. In this context, hydrodynamic cavitation (HC)-assisted alkaline hydrogen peroxide (AHP) pre-treatment in continuous process was proposed for pre-treatment of sugarcane bagasse (SCB). The system was designed with a main reactor containing two devices to generate cavitation by passing liquid medium through orifice plates. For SCB pretreated in continuous process, 52.79, 34.31, 22.13 and 15.81g of total reducing sugars (TRS) per 100g of SCB were released in samples pretreated using orifice plates with a number of holes of 24 (d=0.45mm), 16 (d=0.65mm), 12 (d=0.8mm) and 8 (d=1mm), respectively. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) tools showed that 0.94 of vapor phase volume fraction and 0.19 of cavitation number were achieved at 31m/s of throat velocity and upstream pressure of 350,000 Pa. By using pretreated SCB, 28.44g of ethanol/L (84.31% of yield respect to theoretical value) was produced by immobilized Sheffersomyces stipitis NRRL-Y7124 in a simultaneous hydrolysis and fermentation process at high solid loading (16% S/L). Thus, HC-assisted process was proved as a promising technology for valorization of lignocellulosic biomass.

    更新日期:2019-12-20
  • Assessment of the beneficial combination of electrochemical and ultrasonic activation of compounds originating from biomass
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2019-12-19
    N. Neha; Md.H. Islam; S. Baranton; C. Coutanceau; B.G. Pollet

    The electro-oxidation of organic molecules at the anode with simultaneous generation of hydrogen at the cathode in electrosynthesis reactors is considered as a promising and efficient process for the co-production of hydrogen and bio-sourced value-added chemicals. In this study and for the first time, we investigated the electro-oxidation of glucose and methylglucoside in 0.1 mol.L-1 NaOH on polycrystalline Pt (real surface area = 14.5 ± 0.5 cm2, roughness ≈ 5) in the potential range [0; +1.20 V vs. rhe] under silent and ultrasonic (bath, 45 kHz, Pacous = 11.20 W) conditions. A series of linear sweep voltammograms, chronoamperograms and high-performance liquid chronoamperograms were generated. It was found that higher current densities were obtained under ultrasonic conditions over the potential range of +0.25 V to +1.10 V vs. rhe, indicating that higher oxidation rates were provided under ultrasonication. It was observed that the desorption of species from the Pt surface in the medium potential region was favoured, allowing free catalytic Pt sites for further adsorption and oxidation of reactants; and in the high potential region, high peak current densities in the presence of ultrasound was due to enhanced mass transport of the electroactive species from the bulk electrolyte to the Pt-polycrystalline electrode surface. HPLC studies confirmed that higher electrochemical activity was obtained in the presence of ultrasound than in the absence. In our conditions, it was also found that low frequency ultrasound did not change the selectivity of the glucose and methylglucoside electro-oxidation reactions but instead, a significant increase in the rate of conversion was observed.

    更新日期:2019-12-19
  • Fabrication and characterization of cellulose nanoparticles from maize stalk pith via ultrasonic-mediated cationic etherification
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2019-12-17
    Huiming Gu; Xin Gao; Heng Zhang; Keli Chen; Lincai Peng

    In this study, parenchyma cellulose, which was extracted from maize stalk pith as an abundant source of agricultural residues, was applied for preparing cellulose nanoparticles (CNPs) via an ultrasound-assisted etherification and a subsequent sonication process. The ultrasonic-assisted treatment greatly improved the modification of the pith cellulose with glycidyltrimethylammonium chloride, leading to a partial increase in the dissolubility of the as-obtained product and thus disintegration of sheet-like cellulose into nanoparticles. While the formation of CNPs by ultrasonication was largely dependent on the cellulose consistency in the cationic-modified system. Under the condition of 25% cellulose consistency, the longer sono-treated duration yielded a more stable and dispersible suspension of CNP due to its higher zeta potential. Degree of substitution and FT-IR analyses indicated that quaternary ammonium salts were grafted onto hydroxyl groups of cellulose chain. SEM and TEM images exhibited the CNP to have spherical morphology with an average dimeter from 15 to 55 nm. XRD investigation revealed that CNPs consisted mainly of a crystalline cellulose Ι structure, and they had a lower crystallinity than the starting cellulose. Moreover, thermogravimetric results illustrated the thermal resistance of the CNPs was lower than the pith cellulose. The optimal CNP with highly cationic charges, good stability and acceptable thermostability might be considered as one of the alternatively renewable reinforcement additives for nanocomposite production.

    更新日期:2019-12-18
  • Molecular aggregation and property changes of egg yolk low-density lipoprotein induced by ethanol and high-density ultrasound
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2019-12-17
    Yunxiao Xie; Jinqiu Wang; Yaning Shi; Yi Wang; Lei Cheng; Lili Liu; Ning Wang; Hanmei Li; Di Wu; Fang Geng
    更新日期:2019-12-18
  • Effect of Ultrasonic-Ionic Liquid Pretreatment on the Hydrolysis Degree and Antigenicity of enzymatic Hydrolysates from Whey Protein
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2019-12-16
    Qi Zhang; Qi-He Chen; Guo-Qing He

    With the aim to reduce the antigenicity of whey protein hydrolysate in milk, the pretreatment method of coupling ultrasonic and ionic liquid (US-IL) and further enzymatic treatments were studied. Papain and alcalase were found to be suitable for ultrasonic-ionic liquid pretreatment. After ultrasound-ionic liquid treatment, the antigenic decline rates of ALA and BLG upon alcalase hydrolysis were 82.82% and 88.01%, and that of the papain hydrolysis was 81.87% and 88.46%, respectively. Upon ultrasonic-ionic liquid pretreatment, the molecular weight of whey protein did not change significantly, but the small molecular weight proportion of components in the enzymatic hydrolysate obviously increased. The findings showed that combining with US-IL pretreatment for further protease hydrolysis of whey proteins, the hydrolysate can be used in order to produce hypoallergenic bovine whey proteins.

    更新日期:2019-12-17
  • Effect of multi-frequency power ultrasound (MFPU) treatment on enzyme hydrolysis of casein
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2019-12-14
    Baoguo Xu; Jun Yuan; Lin Wang; Feng Lu; Benxi Wei; Roknul S.M. Azam; Xiaofeng Ren; Cunshan Zhou; Haile Ma; Bhesh Bhandari

    Effect of multi-frequency power ultrasound (MFPU) pretreatments on the degree of hydrolysis (DH) and mechanism of casein during alcalase enzymolysis was investigated. Results showed that MFPU pretreatment in tri-frequency 20/40/60 kHz mode significantly (p<0.05) improved the DH value of casein. Variation of intrinsic fluorescence spectrum indicated the unfolding and degradation of casein occurred after MFPU pretreatment. Fourier transform infrared spectra showed that α-helix and β-sheet content of MFPU pretreated casein decreased, while β-turn and random coil content increased. Surface topography and nanostructures of caseins were found modified after MFPU pretreatments by the analysis of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The SEM analysis also indicated that the enzymolysis residues of casein pretreated by MFPU were smaller than untreated samples. In conclusion, the MFPU can be used as an efficient pretreatment method to promote the enzymolysis of casein.

    更新日期:2019-12-17
  • Size reduction of “reformed casein micelles” by high-power ultrasoundand high hydrostatic pressure
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2019-12-14
    Yacine Hemar; Cheng Xu; Sinong Wu; Muthupandian Ashokkumar

    We investigated the effect of ultrasound (US) and high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) on the size of reformed casein micelles (RMCs) obtained by titrating calcium and phosphorous solution into sodium caseinate solutions. Both US and HHP reduced the size of the RMCs. A decrease in size from ∼200 nm to ∼170 nm when US (20 kHz, 0.46 W/mL) was applied for 30 minutes; and down to ∼85 nm when HHP was applied 500 MPa for 15 minutes. Electron microscopic analysis showed that the RMCs before and after US are similar to milk native casein micelles, and that HHP extensively disintegrated the RMCs. Small angle X-ray scattering and SDS-PAGE showed that the internal structure of the RMCs as well as the casein molecules are not affected by the US and HHP treatments.

    更新日期:2019-12-17
  • 更新日期:2019-12-17
  • High-intensity ultrasound energy density: How different modes of application influence the quality parameters of a dairy beverage
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2019-12-13
    Sara H.M.C. Monteiro; Eric Keven Silva; Jonas T. Guimarães; Monica Q. Freitas; M. Angela A. Meireles; Adriano G. Cruz

    This study evaluated the influence of the high-intensity ultrasound (HIUS) technology on the quality parameters of a model dairy beverage (chocolate whey beverage), operating under the same energy density (5000 J/mL), but applied at different ways. Two processes were performed varying nominal power and processing time: HIUS–A (160 W and 937 s), and HIUS–B (720 W and 208 s). Our objective was to understand how different modes of application of the same HIUS energy density could influence the microstructure, droplet size distribution, zeta potential, phase separation kinetic, color parameters and mineral profile of the chocolate whey beverage. The results demonstrated that the different modes of application of the same HIUS energy density directly influenced the final quality of the product, resulting in whey beverages with distinct physical and microstructural characteristics. The HIUS-B processing was characterized as a thermal processing, since the final processing temperature reached 71°C, while the HIUS-A processing was a non-thermal process, reaching a final temperature of 34°C. Moreover, HIUS-B process greatly reduced the droplet size and increased the lightness value in relation to the HIUS-A processing. Both treatments resulted in whey beverages with similar phase separation kinetics and were more stable than the untreated sample. The HIUS processes did not modify the mineral content profile. Overall, the study emphasizes the versatility of the HIUS technology, highlighting that the processing must not be based only on the applied energy density, since different powers and processing times produce dairy beverages with distinct characteristics.

    更新日期:2019-12-13
  • Ultrasound assisted oxidative deep-desulfurization of dimethyl disulphide from simulated turpentine
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2019-12-11
    Pankaj S. Sinhmar, Parag R. Gogate

    - A promising approach of ultrasound assisted oxidative desulfurization (UAOD) was studied for deep desulfurization of simulated sulphated turpentine containing dimethyl disulphide (DMDS) as model pollutant. The effect of ultrasound parameters such as power (80-120 W) and duty cycle (50-80 %) as well as operating conditions as initial concentration (50-100 ppm), volume(100-300ml) and temperature (28°C , 50-70°C) on the extent of desulfurization have been studied. The effect of addition of various oxidizing agents such as hydrogen peroxide over the range of 3g/L – 18 g/L, Fenton reagent by varying FeSO4 loading from 0.75 g/L to 1.75 g/L at constant H2O2 loading and titanium dioxide (1 g/L to 4g/L) in the presence of ultrasonic horn have also been investigated at laboratory scale. The addition of oxidizing agents in presence of ultrasound enhanced the extent of DMDS removal. The extent of desulfurization was found to be remarkably low for individual approaches as compared to combination approaches of US/oxidizing agents. The kinetic analysis revealed that oxidation follows first order kinetics. A significant increase in cavitational yield was observed for combination approach of US/H2O2/TiO2 (5.78 x 10-9 g/L) compared to individual ultrasound approach (2.04 x 10-9 g/L). Under best conditions of 120 W power, 70% duty cycle, 50 ppm initial concentration, 15 g/L H2O2 loading and 4g/L TiO2 loading, 100 % desulfurization was obtained at 23.19 Rs/L as the treatment cost. Based on the obtained results it can be concluded that US/H2O2/TiO2 approach is highly efficient desulfurization technique for deep desulfurization of simulated sulphated turpentine.

    更新日期:2019-12-11
  • Selective Aggregation by Ultrasonic Standing Waves through Gas Nuclei on the Particle Surface
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2019-12-10
    Yuran Chen, Hanrui Zheng, Vu N.T. Truong, Guangyuan Xie, Qingxia Liu

    Gas nuclei in water are usually too small to be directly observed. They will grow into bubbles under the negative pressure, which is called cavitation (heterogeneous cavitation). In this study, the gas nuclei in the hydrophilic and hydrophobic silica particle suspension were investigated using the transient cavitation threshold measured by a high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU). The transient cavitation bubbles were also observed by a high-speed camera. The results showed that the nuclei only exist on the surface of hydrophobic particles. Furthermore, the aggregation experiments revealed that the aggregates were only formed in the hydrophobic silica suspension by ultrasonic standing waves (USW) at 200 kHz. This distinct difference was mainly due to the formation of gas nuclei on hydrophobic silica particles, which grew and coalesced into stable bubbles under the 200 kHz USW. The aggregation process in suspension was observed by a CCD camera. Moreover, the cavitation thresholds and acoustic radiation forces were analyzed to explain the mechanism of the acoustic aggregation. This study showed a very promising acoustic method for the selective aggregation of hydrophobic particles, which might be efficiently used in the mineral separation industry.

    更新日期:2019-12-11
  • A novel process for asparagus polyphenols utilization by ultrasound assisted adsorption and desorption using resins
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2019-12-09
    Qun Yu, Liuping Fan, Jinwei Li

    The ultrasound assisted purification of asparagus polyphenols by adsorption and desorption on the macroporous resins was investigated. The ultrasound within the selected intensities (12-120 W) and temperatures (25-30°C) increased the adsorption and desorption capacities of asparagus polyphenols on D101 resins. Higher ultrasound intensity (120 W) and lower temperature (25°C) benefited the adsorption process and the adsorption capacity of total polyphenols after ultrasound was 3.95 mg/g, which was 2 times than that obtained after shaking at 120 rpm. Meanwhile, ultrasound can significantly shorten the equilibrium time and the adsorption process of asparagus polyphenols could be well described by Pseudo-second order model and Freundlich model. Stereoscopic microscope was first used to investigate the microstructure characterization of resins, indicating that ultrasound mainly enhanced the surface roughness of resins. Interestingly, rutin possessed the highest adsorption capacities and ferulic acid had the highest the desorption capacities among the studied individual polyphenols. The obtained results evidenced on a progressive insight of application of ultrasound assisted resins for purification of asparagus polyphenols.

    更新日期:2019-12-11
  • Study on the effect of oxidation-ultrasound treatment on the electrochemical properties of activated carbon materials
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2019-12-09
    Yafeng Fu, Xindong Ding, Jun Zhao, Zhiqin Zheng

    Activated carbon (AC) has been widely used in water treatment because of its rich pore structure, large specific surface area, simple production process, low preparation cost and wide source of raw materials. In this paper, the regeneration efficiency of low-frequency ultrasonic pretreatment (40kHz, 115Μw/cm3) on biological activated carbon (BAC) is investigated, and its principle is discussed. The results show that the micro-jet and micro-liquid flow with high temperature and pressure produced by micro-bubble rupture during ultrasonic cavitation play an important role in the regeneration of activated carbon. And optimum ultrasonic treatment time is determined (5min). In addition, the preparation of cu-loaded activated carbon by ultrasound-microwave method is investigated to pretreat wastewater produced in paracetamol production. The results show that Cu and Cu oxides can be loaded on activated carbon surface by ultrasonic-microwave pretreatment. Finally, the pretreatments of activated carbon by physical, chemical and physical-chemical method are investigated. The effects of the above different pretreatment methods on the structure and adsorption properties of activated carbon are compared and evaluated.

    更新日期:2019-12-09
  • Ultrasonication construction of the nano-petal NiCoFe-layered double hydroxide: an excellent water oxidation electrocatalyst
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2019-12-09
    Leila Jafari Foruzin, Zolfaghar Rezvani

    Unlike other preparation methods of NiCoFe-layered double hydroxides, the present study provides a facile ultrasound method for synthesis of the nano-petal NiCoFe-layered double hydroxide (LDH) prepared under intensification frequency of 40 kHz and ultrasonic power of 305 W. The effect of time reaction on the morphology of NiCoFe-LDH was investigated using the Field Emission-Scanning Electron Microscopy images. The results show that time reaction can affect the morphology and it also showed that the optimal time for synthesis of nano-petal NiCoFe-LDH was 60 min. Then, the effect of nano-petal NiCoFe-LDH on oxygen evaluation reaction activity was studied and compared with NiCoFe-LDH-c nano paricles. Also, in order to study the effect of Co2+ of nano-petal NiCoFe-LDH at water oxidation, the activity of NiFe-LDH synthesized in the same conditions was investigated. The results show that nano-petal NiCoFe-LDH has low onset potential (0.46 V vs. SCE), overpotential (∼227 mV) and Tafel slope (234 mV per decade) in comparison with other NiCoFe-LDH nanoparticles (synthesis using co-precipitation method and ultrasounication method within 30 and 120 min), and NiFe-LDH. Based on the obtained results, the nano-petal NiCoFe-LDH can be as a suitable electrocatalyst with good stability for water oxidation reaction in the present 0.1 M KOH media.

    更新日期:2019-12-09
  • Study on ultrasound-assisted liquid-phase exfoliation for preparing graphene-like molybdenum disulfide nanosheets
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2019-12-09
    Yijun Liu, Rongqiang Li

    Nanomaterials with graphene-like structures have many excellent properties different from bulk materials and have become one of the most popular international frontiers in recent years. In this paper, graphene-like molybdenum disulfide materials are prepared by ultrasonic exfoliation method assisted with 1-Dodecanethiol. Double solvent ultrasonic exfoliation is realized by introducing chloroform. In addition, the optimal preparation conditions for the preparation of graphene-based molybdenum disulfide are investigated from the aspects of ultrasonic processing time and volume ratio of 1-Dodecanethiol and chloroform. Ultrasonic cleaning instrument is used in the experiment, it’s type is KQ3200E (40KHz, 150W). Results show that the prepared graphene-like molybdenum disulfide has the highest concentration when the volume ratios of 1-Dodecanethiol and chloroform is 1:1 and ultrasonic processing time is 12h. The dispersion of graphene-like molybdenum disulfide in low-boiling organic solvents, such as chloroform, tetrahydrofuran (THF), isopropanol (IPA), acetone, acetonitrile (CH3CN) and ethanol, is realized by solvent exchange method. Characterized by transmission electron microscopy, a relatively thin sheet material is obtained. In addition, the latest methods for preparing graphene-like molybdenum disulfide nanosheet are discussed in view of micromechanical exfoliation, lithium ion intercalation, chemical vapor deposition and chemical synthesis, the advantages and limitations of various preparation methods are compared, the applications of graphene-like molybdenum disulfide nanosheets are also investigated.

    更新日期:2019-12-09
  • Physicochemical properties of tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) actomyosin subjected to high intensity ultrasound in low NaCl concentrations
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2019-12-09
    Ling Tang, Jirawat Yongsawatdigul

    Effects of high intensity ultrasound (HIU) on physicochemical properties of tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) actomyosin in low NaCl concentrations were investigated. The protein content extracted in low NaCl concentrations (0.1-0.3 M NaCl) increased with increasing HIU intensity up to 20.62 W/cm2 (p<0.05). The effect of HIU on actomyosin extractability in high NaCl concentrations (0.6 and 1.2 M NaCl) was less obvious. Ca2+-ATPase activity and total sulfhydryl (SH) group content decreased in both 0.2 and 0.6 M NaCl. HIU showed more pronounced effect on oxidation of the SH groups in 0.6 M NaCl, while the reactive SH content at 0.2 M NaCl increased after a prolonged exposure to HIU, suggesting conformational changes induced by HIU. Surface hydrophobicity of actomyosin in 0.6 M NaCl increased with increasing ultrasonic intensity and exposure time to a higher degree than that in 0.2 M NaCl. A greater absolute value of the zeta potential of actomyosin subjected to HIU were also observed. The HIU treatments decreased the turbidity of actomyosin incubated at 40 and 60 °C. A drastic increase in the solubility of myosin heavy chain (MHC) and actin with 0.2 M NaCl were evident when HIU treatments were applied, but degradation of MHC occurred in both 0.2 and 0.6 M NaCl. Based on particle size and microstructure, actomyosin in 0.6 M NaCl underwent more disruption by HIU than that in 0.2 M NaCl. HIU induced protein unfolding and protein dissociation, enabling better extraction in a lower NaCl concentration.

    更新日期:2019-12-09
  • Ultrasound Pre-fractured Casein and In-situ Formation of High Internal Phase Emulsions
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2019-12-04
    An-Qi Bi, Xian-Bing Xu, Yu Guo, Ming Du, Cui-Ping Yu, Chao Wu

    Traditional preparation of protein particles is usually complex and tedious, which is a major issue in the development of Pickering high internal phase emulsions (HIPEs). In this study, a facile and in-situ method for the preparation of food-grade Pickering HIPEs was developed using ultrasound pre-fractured casein flocs. The ultrasonic-treated casein protein and resulting Pickering HIPEs were characterised using particle size distribution, confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM), cryo-SEM, and rheological measurement. The results indicated that pH values of casein and ultrasonic power level were key parameters for casein protein dispersion into nanoparticles to form o/w Pickering HIPEs. In optimal conditions, the hexagons of emulsion droplets were close together, and the emulsions formed with ultrasonic caseins exhibited gel-like behaviour. Additionally, ultrasonic microscale-sized caseins (about 25 μm) disappeared upon the use of high speed homogenisation during the formation of HIPEs, while the chemical distribution revealed by confocal laser scanning microscopy indicated that the dispersive nanoparticles from casein proteins were evidently absorbed on the interface of HIPEs (cryo-SEM). These findings prove that ultrasound is an effective tool to loosen casein flocs to induce the in-situ formation of stabilised Pickering HIPEs. Overall, this work provides a green and facile route to convert edible oil into a soft solid, which has great potential for applications in biomedical materials, 3D printing technology, and various cosmetics.

    更新日期:2019-12-04
  • Sonochemical synthesis and anchoring of zinc oxide on hemin-mediated multiwalled carbon nanotubes-cellulose nanocrystals nanocomposite for ultra-sensitive detection of H2O2
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2019-12-04
    Selvakumar Palanisamy, Vijayalakshmi Velusamy, Sridharan Balu, Sethupathi Velmurugan, Thomas C.K. Yang, Shih-Wen Chen
    更新日期:2019-12-04
  • Research on the removal of near-well blockage caused by asphaltene deposition using sonochemical method
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2019-12-04
    Xianzhen Xu, Terigen Bao

    Near-well blockage caused by asphaltene deposition often occurs during the process of crude oil exploitation. It can reduce the porosity and permeability of reservoirs and seriously affects the migration and exploitation of oil and gas. In this paper, removing near-well blockage caused by asphaltene deposition using sonochemical method is investigated. Six PTZ transducers with different parameters are used to study the deplugging effect. Results show that the optimal ultrasonic frequency and power for plugging removal are 20 kHz and 1000W respectively. it is found that lower ultrasonic frequency is good for asphaltene deposition plug removal when ultrasonic power is constant; as the power of the sensor increases, the effect of removing the asphaltene deposition plug gets better, ultrasonic power can well make up for the attenuation of ultrasonic energy caused as frequency increases; the effects of removing asphaltene deposition plug for the three cores with different initial gas logging permeability all get worse no matter what type of transducer is used; the effect of asphaltene deposition plug removal for the three cores samples all become better and then tend to be stable as ultrasonic treatment time increases further; considering of reducing construction cost and oil reservoir protection, ultrasonic processing has a lot of unexampled advantages compared with chemical injection, such as good adaptability, low cost, simple operation, non-pollution and benefit for the sustainable development of oil field; affected by the synergistic effect of ultrasonic and chemical agents, the combined treatment effect of ultrasound and chemical agents is significantly better than using ultrasound or chemical agents alone.

    更新日期:2019-12-04
  • Ultrasonic assisted fabrication of silver tungstate encrusted polypyrrole nanocomposite for effective photocatalytic and electrocatalytic applications
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2019-12-03
    Manickavasagan Abinaya, Rajakumaran Ramachandran, Shen-Ming Chen, Velluchamy Muthuraj
    更新日期:2019-12-03
  • Intensification of Delignification of Tectonagrandis Saw Dust As Sustainable Biomass Using Acoustic Cavitational Devices
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2019-11-30
    Sushmitha Devadasu, SaurabhM. Joshi, ParagR. Gogate, ShirishH. Sonawane, SrinathSurnani
    更新日期:2019-11-30
  • Reaction kinetics of sonochemical oxidation of potassium hexacyanoferrate(II) in aqueous solutions
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2019-11-30
    Paulina Mieldzioć, Ryszard Tymkiewicz, Jan Sołek, Wojciech Secomski, Jerzy Litniewski, Piotr Fita

    We studied sonochemical reactions resulting from ultrasonic treatment of potassium hexacyanoferrate(II) in aqueous solutions using a custom-built apparatus working at 536 kHz. We concluded that primary reactions are completely dominated by oxidation of Fe(II) to Fe(III) and did not find any evidences for degradation of cyanide. At the highest concentration used in the present study (0.1 M) we detected formation of pentacyanoaquaferrate(II) complex, which is most probably formed in reactions between hexacyanoferrate(III) anions and hydrogen atoms or hydrated electrons formed in sonochemical processes. We also determined that hydroxyl radicals formation rate in our system, (8.7 ± 1.5)∙10-8 M∙s-1, is relatively high compared to other reported experiments. We attribute this to focusing of the ultrasonic wave in the sample vessel. Finally, we suggest that oxidation rate of hexacyanoferrate(II) anions can be a convenient benchmark of efficiency of sonochemical reactors.

    更新日期:2019-11-30
  • Green ultrasound-assisted extraction of chlorogenic acids from sweet potato peels and sonochemical hydrolysis of caffeoylquinic acids derivates
    Ultrason. Sonochem. (IF 7.279) Pub Date : 2019-11-29
    Elenilson G. Alves Filho, Valéria M. Sousa, Sueli Rodrigues, Edy S. de Brito, Fabiano A. N. Fernandes

    Sweet potato peels are rich in chlorogenic acids. In this work, we applied ultrasound technology to extract the main compounds from sweet potato peel and used multivariate analysis and principal component analysis (PCA) to evaluate the effects of different extraction conditions on the extraction of chlorogenic acids. The extraction was studied varying ultrasonic power density (20, 35 and 50 W/L) and processing time (5, 10, 20 and 40 min) using an ultrasonic bath operating at 25 kHz. The chemical analysis was carried out by UPLC-qTOF-MS, and the results were evaluated by PCA and PLS-DA chemometric analysis. Results show that both ultrasonic power density and processing time influences in the extraction of different chlorogenic acid, and that different extraction conditions can be used to selectively extract specific caffeoylquinic acids and feruloylquinic acids in higher amounts. Ultrasound promoted the hydrolysis of tricaffeoylquinic acid when subjected to ultrasonic waves (20 to 50 W/L), and of 3,4-caffeyolquinic acid at high ultrasonic power density (50 W/L).

    更新日期:2019-11-30
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