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  • Globally simple Heffter arrays H(n;k) when k≡0,3(mod4)
    Discret. Math. (IF 0.728) Pub Date : 2020-01-13
    Kevin Burrage; Diane M. Donovan; Nicholas J. Cavenagh; Emine Ş. Yazıcı

    Square Heffter arrays are n×n arrays such that each row and each column contains k filled cells, each row and column sum is divisible by 2nk+1 and either x or −x appears in the array for each integer 1⩽x⩽nk. Archdeacon noted that a Heffter array, satisfying two additional conditions, yields a face 2-colourable embedding of the complete graph K2nk+1 on an orientable surface, where for each colour, the faces give a k-cycle system. Moreover, a cyclic permutation on the vertices acts as an automorphism of the embedding. These necessary conditions pertain to cyclic orderings of the entries in each row and each column of the Heffter array and are: (1) for each row and each column the sequential partial sums determined by the cyclic ordering must be distinct modulo 2nk+1; (2) the composition of the cyclic orderings of the rows and columns is equivalent to a single cycle permutation on the entries in the array. We construct Heffter arrays that satisfy condition (1) whenever (a) k≡0(mod4); or (b) n≡1(mod4) and k≡3(mod4); or (c) n≡0(mod4), k≡3(mod4) and n≫k. As corollaries to the above we obtain pairs of orthogonal k-cycle decompositions of K2nk+1.

    更新日期:2020-01-27
  • A note on estimates for elliptic systems with L1 data
    CR Math. (IF 0.611) Pub Date : 2019-11-27
    Bogdan Raita; Daniel Spector

    In this paper, we give necessary and sufficient conditions on the compatibility of a kth-order homogeneous linear elliptic differential operator A and differential constraint C for solutions toAu=fsubject toCf=0 in Rn to satisfy the estimates‖Dk−ju‖Lnn−j(Rn)⩽c‖f‖L1(Rn) for j∈{1,…,min⁡{k,n−1}} and‖Dk−nu‖L∞(Rn)⩽c‖f‖L1(Rn) when k≥n.

    更新日期:2020-01-27
  • Continuity of a surface in Fréchet spaces
    CR Math. (IF 0.611) Pub Date : 2019-11-06
    Philippe G. Ciarlet; Maria Malin; Cristinel Mardare

    We establish the continuity of a surface as a function of its first two fundamental forms for several Fréchet topologies, which include in particular those of the space Wloc1,p for the first fundamental form and of the space Llocp for the second fundamental form, for any p>2.

    更新日期:2020-01-27
  • Global Fujita-Kato solution of 3-D inhomogeneous incompressible Navier-Stokes system
    Adv. Math. (IF 1.435) Pub Date : 2020-01-27
    Ping Zhang

    In this paper, we shall prove the global existence of weak solutions to 3D inhomogeneous incompressible Navier-Stokes system (INS) with initial density in the bounded function space and having a positive lower bound and with initial velocity being sufficiently small in the critical Besov space, B˙2,112. This result corresponds to the Fujita-Kato solutions of the classical Navier-Stokes system. The same idea can be used to prove the global existence of weak solutions in the critical functional framework to (INS) with one component of the initial velocity being large and can also be applied to provide a lower bound for the lifespan of smooth enough solutions of (INS).

    更新日期:2020-01-27
  • On the $K(\unicode[STIX]{x1D70B},1)$ -problem for restrictions of complex reflection arrangements
    Compos. Math. (IF 1.301) Pub Date : 2020-01-20
    Nils Amend; Pierre Deligne; Gerhard Röhrle

    Let $W\subset \operatorname{GL}(V)$ be a complex reflection group and $\mathscr{A}(W)$ the set of the mirrors of the complex reflections in  $W$ . It is known that the complement $X(\mathscr{A}(W))$ of the reflection arrangement $\mathscr{A}(W)$ is a $K(\unicode[STIX]{x1D70B},1)$ space. For $Y$ an intersection of hyperplanes in $\mathscr{A}(W)$ , let $X(\mathscr{A}(W)^{Y})$ be the complement in $Y$ of the hyperplanes in $\mathscr{A}(W)$ not containing  $Y$ . We hope that $X(\mathscr{A}(W)^{Y})$ is always a $K(\unicode[STIX]{x1D70B},1)$ . We prove it in case of the monomial groups $W=G(r,p,\ell )$ . Using known results, we then show that there remain only three irreducible complex reflection groups, leading to just eight such induced arrangements for which this $K(\unicode[STIX]{x1D70B},1)$ property remains to be proved.

    更新日期:2020-01-27
  • A BETTER COMPARISON OF $\operatorname{cdh}$ - AND $l\operatorname{dh}$ -COHOMOLOGIES
    Nagoya Math. J. (IF 0.638) Pub Date : 2019-09-13
    SHANE KELLY

    In order to work with non-Nagata rings which are Nagata “up-to-completely-decomposed-universal-homeomorphism,” specifically finite rank Hensel valuation rings, we introduce the notions of pseudo-integral closure, pseudo-normalization, and pseudo-Hensel valuation ring. We use this notion to give a shorter and more direct proof that $H_{\operatorname{cdh}}^{n}(X,F_{\operatorname{cdh}})=H_{l\operatorname{dh}}^{n}(X,F_{l\operatorname{dh}})$ for homotopy sheaves $F$ of modules over the $\mathbb{Z}_{(l)}$ -linear motivic Eilenberg–Maclane spectrum. This comparison is an alternative to the first half of the author’s volume Astérisque 391 whose main theorem is a cdh-descent result for Voevodsky motives. The motivating new insight is really accepting that Voevodsky’s motivic cohomology (with $\mathbb{Z}[\frac{1}{p}]$ -coefficients) is invariant not just for nilpotent thickenings, but for all universal homeomorphisms.

    更新日期:2020-01-27
  • Permutations avoiding 312 and another pattern, Chebyshev polynomials and longest increasing subsequences
    Adv. Appl. Math. (IF 1.008) Pub Date : 2020-01-24
    Toufik Mansour; Gökhan Yıldırım

    We study the longest increasing subsequence problem for random permutations avoiding the pattern 312 and another pattern τ under the uniform probability distribution. We determine the exact and asymptotic formulas for the average length of the longest increasing subsequences for such permutation classes specifically when the pattern τ is monotone increasing or decreasing, or any pattern of length four.

    更新日期:2020-01-26
  • Congruences on sums of q-binomial coefficients
    Adv. Appl. Math. (IF 1.008) Pub Date : 2020-01-24
    Ji-Cai Liu; Fedor Petrov

    We establish a q-analogue of Sun–Zhao's congruence on harmonic sums. Based on this q-congruence and a q-series identity, we prove a congruence conjecture on sums of central q-binomial coefficients, which was recently proposed by Guo. We also deduce a q-analogue of a congruence due to Apagodu and Zeilberger from Guo's q-congruence.

    更新日期:2020-01-26
  • Hardy Spaces on Homogeneous Groups and Littlewood-Paley Functions
    Q. J. Math. (IF 0.636) Pub Date : 2020-01-25
    Sato S.

    We establish a characterization of the Hardy spaces on the homogeneous groups in terms of the Littlewood–Paley functions. The proof is based on vector-valued inequalities shown by applying the Peetre maximal function.

    更新日期:2020-01-26
  • Stability of Kronecker coefficients via discrete tomography
    Discret. Math. (IF 0.728) Pub Date : 2020-01-24
    Ernesto Vallejo

    For partitions λ, μ, ν of size n, the Kronecker coefficient g(λ,μ,ν) is the multiplicity of the irreducible complex character χν of the symmetric group Sn in the Kronecker product χλ⊗χμ. About eighty years ago Murnaghan found the first stability property of Kronecker coefficients. Recently Stembridge introduced the notion of stable triple in order to study different instances of stability of Kronecker coefficients and stated two conjectures. In this paper we use the notion of additivity, that first appeared in discrete tomography, to disprove one of them. We also show that additivity implies Stembridge’s condition for a triple of partitions to be stable. In this way we produce several new examples of stable triples. As a byproduct of the interplay of ideas between representation theory and discrete tomography, we obtain a new characterization of additivity.

    更新日期:2020-01-24
  • Induced subgraphs with many repeated degrees
    Discret. Math. (IF 0.728) Pub Date : 2020-01-24
    Yair Caro; Raphael Yuster

    Erdős, Fajtlowicz and Staton asked for the least integer f(k) such that every graph with more than f(k) vertices has an induced regular subgraph with at least k vertices. Here we consider the following relaxed notions. Let g(k) be the least integer such that every graph with more than g(k) vertices has an induced subgraph with at least k repeated degrees and let h(k) be the least integer such that every graph with more than h(k) vertices has an induced subgraph with at least k maximum degree vertices. We obtain polynomial lower bounds for h(k) and g(k) and nontrivial linear upper bounds when the host graph has bounded maximum degree.

    更新日期:2020-01-24
  • A construction of pseudo metacirculants
    Discret. Math. (IF 0.728) Pub Date : 2020-01-23
    Li Cui; Jin-Xin Zhou

    Metacirculants were introduced by Alspach and Parsons in 1982 and have been a rich source of various topics since then. It is known that every metacirculant is a split weak metacirculant (A graph is called (split) weak metacirculant if it has a vertex-transitive (split) metacyclic subgroup of automorphisms). We say that a split metacirculant is a pseudo metacirculant if it is not metacirculant. In this paper, an infinite family of pseudo metacirculants is constructed, and this provides a negative answer to Question A in Zhou and Zhou (2018).

    更新日期:2020-01-24
  • Semi-Calabi–Yau orbifolds and mirror pairs
    Adv. Math. (IF 1.435) Pub Date : 2020-01-24
    Alessandro Chiodo; Elana Kalashnikov; Davide Cesare Veniani

    We generalize the cohomological mirror duality of Borcea and Voisin in any dimension and for any number of factors. Our proof applies to all examples which can be constructed through Berglund–Hübsch duality. Our method is a variant of the so-called Landau–Ginzburg/Calabi–Yau correspondence of Calabi–Yau orbifolds with an involution that does not preserve the volume form. We deduce a version of mirror duality for the fixed loci of the involution, which are beyond the Calabi–Yau category and feature hypersurfaces of general type.

    更新日期:2020-01-24
  • HIGHER CORRELATIONS AND THE ALTERNATIVE HYPOTHESIS
    Q. J. Math. (IF 0.636) Pub Date : 2020-01-23
    Lagarias J, Rodgers B.

    The Alternative Hypothesis (AH) concerns a hypothetical and unlikely picture of how zeros of the Riemann zeta function are spaced, which one would like to rule out. In the Alternative Hypothesis, the renormalized distance between non-trivial zeros is supposed to always lie at a half integer. It is known that the Alternative Hypothesis is compatible with what is known about the pair correlation function of zeta zeros. We ask whether what is currently known about higher correlation functions of the zeros is sufficient to rule out the Alternative Hypothesis and show by construction of an explicit counterexample point process that it is not. A similar result was recently independently obtained by Tao, using slightly different methods. We also apply the ergodic theorem to this point process to show there exists a deterministic collection of points lying in $\tfrac{1}{2}\mathbb{Z}$, which satisfy the Alternative Hypothesis spacing, but mimic the local statistics that are currently known about zeros of the zeta function.

    更新日期:2020-01-24
  • Birkhoff and Lyapunov Spectra on Planar Self-affine Sets
    Int. Math. Res. Notices (IF 1.452) Pub Date : 2020-01-24
    Bárány B, Jordan T, Käenmäki A, et al.

    Working on strongly irreducible planar self-affine sets satisfying the strong open set condition, we calculate the Birkhoff spectrum of continuous potentials and the Lyapunov spectrum.

    更新日期:2020-01-24
  • Symmetry from sectional integrals for convex domains
    Adv. Appl. Math. (IF 1.008) Pub Date : 2020-01-23
    Ramya Dutta; Suman Kumar Sahoo

    Let Ω be a bounded convex domain in Rn (n≥2). In this work, we prove that if there exists an integrable function f such that it's Radon transform over (n−1)-dimensional hyperplanes intersecting the domain Ω is a function G depending on the distance to the nearest parallel supporting hyperplane to Ω, then Ω is a ball and f is radial depending on certain assumptions on G. As a consequence we show that constants are not in range of Radon transform of integrable functions in dimension n≥3.

    更新日期:2020-01-23
  • Matchings with few colors in colored complete graphs and hypergraphs
    Discret. Math. (IF 0.728) Pub Date : 2020-01-23
    András Gyárfás; Gábor N. Sárközy

    The t-color Ramsey problem for hypergraph matchings was settled by the well-known result of Alon, Frankl and Lovász (answering a conjecture of Erdős). This result was the last step in a chain of special cases most notably Lovász’s solution to Kneser’s problem. We proposed an extension of the Erdős problem: for given 1≤s≤t, what is the maximum number of vertices that can be covered by a matching having at most s colors in every t-coloring of the edges of the complete graph Kn (or hypergraph Knr). We revisit the first unknown case, r=2,s=2,t=4, where we conjectured that in every 4-coloring of Kn there is a bicolored matching covering at least ⌊3n∕4⌋ vertices. We prove that this is true asymptotically by applying a recent twist of a standard application of the Regularity method: instead of lifting a (bicolored) matching of the reduced graph to regular cluster pairs, we lift a (bicolored) basic 2-matching, a subgraph whose connected components are edges and odd cycles. To find the bicolored basic 2-matching with at least ⌊3n∕4⌋ vertices in every 4-coloring of Kn we use Tutte’s minimax formula.

    更新日期:2020-01-23
  • Relative Quasimaps and Mirror Formulae
    Int. Math. Res. Notices (IF 1.452) Pub Date : 2020-01-22
    Battistella L, Nabijou N.

    We construct and study the theory of relative quasimaps in genus zero, in the spirit of Gathmann. When $X$ is a smooth toric variety and $Y$ is a smooth very ample hypersurface in $X$, we produce a virtual class on the moduli space of relative quasimaps to $(X,Y)$, which we use to define relative quasimap invariants. We obtain a recursion formula which expresses each relative invariant in terms of invariants of lower tangency, and apply this formula to derive a quantum Lefschetz theorem for quasimaps, expressing the restricted quasimap invariants of $Y$ in terms of those of $X$. Finally, we show that the relative $I$-function of Fan–Tseng–You coincides with a natural generating function for relative quasimap invariants, providing mirror-symmetric motivation for the theory.

    更新日期:2020-01-23
  • Poisson–Voronoi Tessellation on a Riemannian Manifold
    Int. Math. Res. Notices (IF 1.452) Pub Date : 2020-01-23
    Calka P, Chapron A, Enriquez N.

    In this paper, we consider a Riemannian manifold $M$ and the Poisson–Voronoi tessellation generated by the union of a fixed point $x_0$ and a Poisson point process of intensity $\lambda $ on $M$. We obtain a two-term asymptotic expansion, when $\lambda $ goes to infinity, of the mean number of vertices of the Voronoi cell associated with $x_0$. The 1st term of the estimate is equal to the mean number of vertices in the Euclidean setting, while the 2nd term involves the scalar curvature of $M$ at $x_0$. This settles with the proper and rigorous frame the former 2D statement from [ 19] and extends it to higher dimension. The key tool for proving this result is a new change of variables formula of Blaschke–Petkantschin type in the Riemannian setting, which brings out the Ricci curvatures of the manifold.

    更新日期:2020-01-23
  • An Lp-Functional Busemann–Petty Centroid Inequality
    Int. Math. Res. Notices (IF 1.452) Pub Date : 2020-01-23
    Haddad J, Jiménez C, da Silva L.

    For a convex body $K\subset \mathbb{R}^n$, let $\Gamma _pK$ be its $L_p$-centroid body. The $L_p$-Busemann–Petty centroid inequality states that $\operatorname{vol}(\Gamma _pK) \geq \operatorname{vol}(K)$, with equality if and only if $K$ is an ellipsoid centered at the origin. In this work, we prove inequalities for a type of functional $L_r$-mixed volume for $1 \leq r < n$ and establish, as a consequence, a functional version of the $L_p$-Busemann–Petty centroid inequality.

    更新日期:2020-01-23
  • L-spaces, taut foliations, and graph manifolds
    Compos. Math. (IF 1.301) Pub Date : 2020-01-23
    Jonathan Hanselman; Jacob Rasmussen; Sarah Dean Rasmussen; Liam Watson

    If $Y$ is a closed orientable graph manifold, we show that $Y$ admits a coorientable taut foliation if and only if $Y$ is not an L-space. Combined with previous work of Boyer and Clay, this implies that $Y$ is an L-space if and only if $\unicode[STIX]{x1D70B}_{1}(Y)$ is not left-orderable.

    更新日期:2020-01-23
  • The BNSR-invariants of the Houghton groups, concluded
    Proc. Edinburgh. Math. Soc. (IF 0.610) Pub Date : 2019-07-15
    Matthew C. B. Zaremsky

    We give a complete computation of the Bieri–Neumann–Strebel–Renz invariants Σm(Hn) of the Houghton groups Hn. Partial results were previously obtained by the author, with a conjecture about the full picture, which we now confirm. The proof involves covering relevant subcomplexes of an associated CAT (0) cube complex by their intersections with certain locally convex subcomplexes, and then applying a strong form of the Nerve Lemma. A consequence of the full computation is that for each 1 ≤ m ≤ n − 1, Hn admits a map onto ℤ whose kernel is of type Fm−1 but not Fm; moreover, no such kernel is ever of type Fn−1.

    更新日期:2020-01-23
  • Two boundedness criteria for a class of operators on Musielak–Orlicz Hardy spaces and applications
    Proc. Edinburgh. Math. Soc. (IF 0.610) Pub Date : 2019-07-16
    Xiaoli Qiu; Baode Li; Xiong Liu; Bo Li

    Let φ : ℝn × [0, ∞) → [0, ∞) satisfy that φ(x, · ), for any given x ∈ ℝn, is an Orlicz function and φ( · , t) is a Muckenhoupt A∞ weight uniformly in t ∈ (0, ∞). The (weak) Musielak–Orlicz Hardy space Hφ(ℝn) (WHφ(ℝn)) generalizes both the weighted (weak) Hardy space and the (weak) Orlicz Hardy space and hence has wide generality. In this paper, two boundedness criteria for both linear operators and positive sublinear operators from Hφ(ℝn) to Hφ(ℝn) or from Hφ(ℝn) to WHφ(ℝn) are obtained. As applications, we establish the boundedness of Bochner–Riesz means from Hφ(ℝn) to Hφ(ℝn), or from Hφ(ℝn) to WHφ(ℝn) in the critical case. These results are new even when φ(x, t): = Φ(t) for all (x, t) ∈ ℝn × [0, ∞), where Φ is an Orlicz function.

    更新日期:2020-01-23
  • Koszul A∞-algebras and free loop space homology
    Proc. Edinburgh. Math. Soc. (IF 0.610) Pub Date : 2019-07-18
    Alexander Berglund; Kaj Börjeson

    We introduce a notion of Koszul A∞-algebra that generalizes Priddy's notion of a Koszul algebra and we use it to construct small A∞-algebra models for Hochschild cochains. As an application, this yields new techniques for computing free loop space homology algebras of manifolds that are either formal or coformal (over a field or over the integers). We illustrate these techniques in two examples.

    更新日期:2020-01-23
  • Balanced pairs, cotorsion triplets and quiver representations
    Proc. Edinburgh. Math. Soc. (IF 0.610) Pub Date : 2019-08-13
    Sergio Estrada; Marco A. Pérez; Haiyan Zhu

    Balanced pairs appear naturally in the realm of relative homological algebra associated with the balance of right-derived functors of the Hom functor. Cotorsion triplets are a natural source of such pairs. In this paper, we study the connection between balanced pairs and cotorsion triplets by using recent quiver representation techniques. In doing so, we find a new characterization of abelian categories that have enough projectives and injectives in terms of the existence of complete hereditary cotorsion triplets. We also provide a short proof of the lack of balance for derived functors of Hom computed using flat resolutions, which extends the one given by Enochs in the commutative case.

    更新日期:2020-01-23
  • Equality case for an elliptic area condenser inequality and a related Schwarz type lemma
    Proc. Edinburgh. Math. Soc. (IF 0.610) Pub Date : 2019-08-19
    Georgios Kelgiannis

    We give an equality condition for a symmetrization inequality for condensers proved by F.W. Gehring regarding elliptic areas. We then use this to obtain a monotonicity result involving the elliptic area of the image of a holomorphic function f.

    更新日期:2020-01-23
  • Prime amphicheiral knots with free period 2
    Proc. Edinburgh. Math. Soc. (IF 0.610) Pub Date : 2019-08-30
    Luisa Paoluzzi; Makoto Sakuma

    We construct prime amphicheiral knots that have free period 2. This settles an open question raised by the second-named author, who proved that amphicheiral hyperbolic knots cannot admit free periods and that prime amphicheiral knots cannot admit free periods of order > 2.

    更新日期:2020-01-23
  • On the notions of upper and lower density
    Proc. Edinburgh. Math. Soc. (IF 0.610) Pub Date : 2019-08-30
    Paolo Leonetti; Salvatore Tringali

    Let $\mathcal {P}(\mathbf{N})$ be the power set of N. We say that a function $\mu ^\ast : \mathcal {P}(\mathbf{N}) \to \mathbf{R}$ is an upper density if, for all X, Y ⊆ N and h, k ∈ N+, the following hold: (f1) $\mu ^\ast (\mathbf{N}) = 1$ ; (f2) $\mu ^\ast (X) \le \mu ^\ast (Y)$ if X ⊆ Y; (f3) $\mu ^\ast (X \cup Y) \le \mu ^\ast (X) + \mu ^\ast (Y)$ ; (f4) $\mu ^\ast (k\cdot X) = ({1}/{k}) \mu ^\ast (X)$ , where k · X : = {kx: x ∈ X}; and (f5) $\mu ^\ast (X + h) = \mu ^\ast (X)$ . We show that the upper asymptotic, upper logarithmic, upper Banach, upper Buck, upper Pólya and upper analytic densities, together with all upper α-densities (with α a real parameter ≥ −1), are upper densities in the sense of our definition. Moreover, we establish the mutual independence of axioms (f1)–(f5), and we investigate various properties of upper densities (and related functions) under the assumption that (f2) is replaced by the weaker condition that $\mu ^\ast (X)\le 1$ for every X ⊆ N. Overall, this allows us to extend and generalize results so far independently derived for some of the classical upper densities mentioned above, thus introducing a certain amount of unification into the theory.

    更新日期:2020-01-23
  • Weighted estimates for the Calderón commutator
    Proc. Edinburgh. Math. Soc. (IF 0.610) Pub Date : 2019-09-23
    Jiecheng Chen; Guoen Hu

    In this paper the authors consider the weighted estimates for the Calderón commutator defined by \mathcal{C}_{m+1, A}(a_1,\ldots,a_{m};f)(x)={\rm p. v.} \displaystyle\int_{\mathbb{R}}\displaystyle\frac{P_2(A; x, y)\prod\nolimits_{j=1}^m(A_j(x)-A_j(y))}{(x-y)^{m+2}}f(y){\rm d}y, with P2(A;x, y) = A(x) − A(y) − A′(y)(x − y) and A′ ∈ BMO(ℝ). Dominating this operator by multi(sub)linear sparse operators, the authors establish the weighted bounds from $L^{p_1}(\mathbb {R},w_1) \times \cdots \times L^{p_{m+1}}(\mathbb {R},w_{m+1})$ to $L^{p}(\mathbb {R},\nu _{\vec {\kern 1pt w}})$ , with p1, …, pm+1 ∈ (1, ∞), 1/p = 1/p1 + · · · + 1/pm+1, and $\vec {\kern 1pt w}=(w_1, \ldots , w_{m+1})\in A_{\vec {P}}(\mathbb {R}^{m+1})$ . The authors also obtain the weighted weak type endpoint estimates for $\mathcal {C}_{m+1, A}$ .

    更新日期:2020-01-23
  • Additive n-commuting maps on semiprime rings
    Proc. Edinburgh. Math. Soc. (IF 0.610) Pub Date : 2019-11-11
    Cheng-Kai Liu

    Let R be a semiprime ring with the extended centroid C and Q the maximal right ring of quotients of R. Set [y, x]1 = [y, x] = yx − xy for x, y ∈ Q and inductively [y, x]k = [[y, x]k−1, x] for k > 1. Suppose that f : R → Q is an additive map satisfying [f(x), x]n = 0 for all x ∈ R, where n is a fixed positive integer. Then it can be shown that there exist λ ∈ C and an additive map μ : R → C such that f(x) = λx + μ(x) for all x ∈ R. This gives the affirmative answer to the unsolved problem of such functional identities initiated by Brešar in 1996.

    更新日期:2020-01-23
  • There are no proper topological hyperbolic homoclinic classes for area-preserving maps
    Proc. Edinburgh. Math. Soc. (IF 0.610) Pub Date : 2019-11-12
    Mário Bessa; Maria Joana Torres

    We begin by defining a homoclinic class for homeomorphisms. Then we prove that if a topological homoclinic class Λ associated with an area-preserving homeomorphism f on a surface M is topologically hyperbolic (i.e. has the shadowing and expansiveness properties), then Λ = M and f is an Anosov homeomorphism.

    更新日期:2020-01-23
  • A unified method for maximal truncated Calderón–Zygmund operators in general function spaces by sparse domination
    Proc. Edinburgh. Math. Soc. (IF 0.610) Pub Date : 2019-11-22
    Theresa C. Anderson; Bingyang Hu

    In this note we give simple proofs of several results involving maximal truncated Calderón–Zygmund operators in the general setting of rearrangement-invariant quasi-Banach function spaces by sparse domination. Our techniques allow us to track the dependence of the constants in weighted norm inequalities; additionally, our results hold in ℝn as well as in many spaces of homogeneous type.

    更新日期:2020-01-23
  • Real closed valued fields with analytic structure
    Proc. Edinburgh. Math. Soc. (IF 0.610) Pub Date : 2019-12-05
    Pablo Cubides Kovacsics; Deirdre Haskell

    We show quantifier elimination theorems for real closed valued fields with separated analytic structure and overconvergent analytic structure in their natural one-sorted languages and deduce that such structures are weakly o-minimal. We also provide a short proof that algebraically closed valued fields with separated analytic structure (in any rank) are C-minimal.

    更新日期:2020-01-23
  • Smallest weakly contractible non-contractible topological spaces
    Proc. Edinburgh. Math. Soc. (IF 0.610) Pub Date : 2019-12-11
    Nicolás Cianci; Miguel Ottina

    We characterize the topological spaces of minimum cardinality which are weakly contractible but not contractible. This is equivalent to finding the non-dismantlable posets of minimum cardinality such that the geometric realization of their order complexes are contractible. Specifically, we prove that all weakly contractible topological spaces with fewer than nine points are contractible. We also prove that there exist (up to homeomorphism) exactly two topological spaces of nine points which are weakly contractible but not contractible.

    更新日期:2020-01-23
  • Higher generating subgroups and Cohen–Macaulay complexes
    Proc. Edinburgh. Math. Soc. (IF 0.610) Pub Date : 2019-12-17
    Benjamin Brück

    We show how to find higher generating families of subgroups, in the sense of Abels and Holz, for groups acting on Cohen–Macaulay complexes. We apply this to groups with a BN-pair to prove higher generation by parabolic and Levi subgroups and describe higher generating families of parabolic subgroups in Aut(Fn).

    更新日期:2020-01-23
  • Generalized eigenvalues of the (P, 2)-Laplacian under a parametric boundary condition
    Proc. Edinburgh. Math. Soc. (IF 0.610) Pub Date : 2019-12-18
    Jamil Abreu; Gustavo F. Madeira

    In this paper we study a general eigenvalue problem for the so called (p, 2)-Laplace operator on a smooth bounded domain Ω ⊂ ℝN under a nonlinear Steklov type boundary condition, namely \[\left\{ \begin{aligned} -\Delta_pu-\Delta u & =\lambda a(x)u \quad {\rm in}\ \Omega,\\ (|\nabla u|^{p-2}+1)\dfrac{\partial u}{\partial\nu} & =\lambda b(x)u \quad {\rm on}\ \partial\Omega . \end{aligned} \right.\] For positive weight functions a and b satisfying appropriate integrability and boundedness assumptions, we show that, for all p>1, the eigenvalue set consists of an isolated null eigenvalue plus a continuous family of eigenvalues located away from zero.

    更新日期:2020-01-23
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  • 更新日期:2020-01-23
  • Infinity Harmonic Functions over Exterior Domains
    Int. Math. Res. Notices (IF 1.452) Pub Date : 2020-01-22
    Hong G, Zhao Y.

    In this paper, we study the infinity harmonic functions with linear growth rate at infinity defined on exterior domains. We show that such functions must be asymptotic to planes or cones at infinity. We also establish the solvability of Dirichlet problems for exterior domains.

    更新日期:2020-01-23
  • Discrete Invariant Curve Flows, Orthogonal Polynomials, and Moving Frame
    Int. Math. Res. Notices (IF 1.452) Pub Date : 2020-01-22
    Wang B, Chang X, Hu X, et al.

    In this paper, an orthogonal polynomials-based (OPs-based) approach to generate discrete moving frames and invariants is developed. It is shown that OPs can provide explicit expressions for the discrete moving frame as well as the associated difference invariants, and this approach enables one to obtain the corresponding discrete invariant curve flows simultaneously. Several examples in the cases of centro-affine plane, pseudo-Euclidean plane, and high-dimensional centro-affine space are presented.

    更新日期:2020-01-23
  • A multiplier inclusion theorem on product domains
    Proc. Edinburgh. Math. Soc. (IF 0.610) Pub Date : 2019-06-20
    Odysseas Bakas

    In this note it is shown that the class of all multipliers from the d-parameter Hardy space $H_{{\rm prod}}^1 ({\open T}^d)$ to L2 (𝕋d) is properly contained in the class of all multipliers from L logd/2L (𝕋d) to L2(𝕋d).

    更新日期:2020-01-23
  • Gauss-Newton methods with approximate projections for solving constrained nonlinear least squares problems
    J. Complex. (IF 0.888) Pub Date : 2020-01-21
    Max L.N. Gonçalves; Tiago C. Menezes

    This paper is concerned with algorithms for solving constrained nonlinear least squares problems. We first propose a local Gauss-Newton method with approximate projections for solving the aforementioned problems and study, by using a general majorant condition, its convergence results, including results on its rate. By combining the latter method and a nonmonotone line search strategy, we then propose a global algorithm and analyze its convergence results. Finally, some preliminary numerical experiments are reported in order to illustrate the advantages of the new schemes.

    更新日期:2020-01-22
  • Algorithms and complexity for functions on general domains
    J. Complex. (IF 0.888) Pub Date : 2020-01-21
    Erich Novak

    Error bounds and complexity bounds in numerical analysis and information-based complexity are often proved for functions that are defined on very simple domains, such as a cube, a torus, or a sphere. We study optimal error bounds for the approximation or integration of functions defined on Dd⊂Rd and only assume that Dd is a bounded Lipschitz domain. Some results are even more general. We study three different concepts to measure the complexity: order of convergence, asymptotic constant, and explicit uniform bounds, i.e., bounds that hold for all n (number of pieces of information) and all (normalized) domains. It is known for many problems that the order of convergence of optimal algorithms does not depend on the domain Dd⊂Rd. We present examples for which the following statements are true: 1. Also the asymptotic constant does not depend on the shape of Dd or the imposed boundary values, it only depends on the volume of the domain. 2. There are explicit and uniform lower (or upper, respectively) bounds for the error that are only slightly smaller (or larger, respectively) than the asymptotic error bound.

    更新日期:2020-01-22
  • Refining invariants for computing autotopism groups of partial Latin rectangles
    Discret. Math. (IF 0.728) Pub Date : 2020-01-21
    Eiran Danan; Raúl M. Falcón; Dani Kotlar; Trent G. Marbach; Rebecca J. Stones

    Prior to using computational tools that find the autotopism group of a partial Latin rectangle (its stabilizer group under row, column and symbol permutations), it is beneficial to find partitions of the rows, columns and symbols that are invariant under autotopisms and are as fine as possible. We look at the lattices formed by these partitions and introduce two invariant refining maps on these lattices. The first map generalizes the strong entry invariant in a previous work. The second map utilizes some bipartite graphs, introduced here, whose structure is determined by pairs of rows (or columns, or symbols). Experimental results indicate that in most cases (ordinarily 99%+), the combined use of these invariants gives the theoretical best partition of the rows, columns and symbols, outperforms the strong entry invariant, which only gives the theoretical best partitions in roughly 80% of the cases.

    更新日期:2020-01-22
  • A Chung–Feller property for the generalized Schröder paths
    Discret. Math. (IF 0.728) Pub Date : 2020-01-21
    Lin Yang; Sheng-Liang Yang

    In this paper, we consider the generalized Delannoy paths with steps E=(1,0), D=(1,1), N=(0,1), and N′=(0,2), where each step is labelled with weights 1, a, b, and d, respectively. By using Riordan array method to study enumeration of these paths in general case and with the restriction that no step goes above the main diagonal, we obtain three families of matrices. We consider the correlation between these matrices, and obtain a Chung–Feller type theorem for these paths. By way of illustration, we give several examples of Riordan arrays.

    更新日期:2020-01-22
  • On the non-vanishing of theta liftings of tempered representations of U(p,q)
    Adv. Math. (IF 1.435) Pub Date : 2020-01-21
    Hiraku Atobe

    In this paper, we give an explicit determination of the non-vanishing of the theta liftings of tempered representations for unitary dual pairs (U(p,q),U(r,s)) for arbitrary non-negative integers p,q,r,s. For discrete series representations, in terms of Harish-Chandra parameters, we give a complete criterion when the theta lifts are nonzero. For tempered representations, we determine the non-vanishing in terms of the local Langlands correspondence assuming the local Gan–Gross–Prasad conjecture.

    更新日期:2020-01-22
  • Weak Vopěnka's Principle does not imply Vopěnka's Principle
    Adv. Math. (IF 1.435) Pub Date : 2020-01-21
    Trevor M. Wilson

    Vopěnka's Principle says that the category of graphs has no large discrete full subcategory, or equivalently that the category of ordinals cannot be fully embedded into it. Weak Vopěnka's Principle is the dual statement, which says that the opposite category of ordinals cannot be fully embedded into the category of graphs. It was introduced in 1988 by Adámek, Rosický, and Trnková, who showed that it follows from Vopěnka's Principle and asked whether the two statements are equivalent. We show that they are not. However, we show that Weak Vopěnka's Principle is equivalent to the generalization of itself known as Semi-Weak Vopěnka's Principle, introduced by Adámek and Rosický in 1993.

    更新日期:2020-01-22
  • Class field theory, Diophantine analysis and the asymptotic Fermat's Last Theorem
    Adv. Math. (IF 1.435) Pub Date : 2020-01-21
    Nuno Freitas; Alain Kraus; Samir Siksek

    Recent results of Freitas, Kraus, Şengün and Siksek, give sufficient criteria for the asymptotic Fermat's Last Theorem to hold over a specific number field. Those works in turn build on many deep theorems in arithmetic geometry. In this paper we combine the aforementioned results with techniques from class field theory, the theory of p-groups and p-extensions, Diophantine approximation and linear forms in logarithms, to establish the asymptotic Fermat's Last Theorem for many infinite families of number fields, and for thousands of number fields of small degree. For example, we prove the effective asymptotic Fermat's Last Theorem for the infinite family of fields Q(ζ2r)+ where r≥2.

    更新日期:2020-01-22
  • Positive specializations of symmetric Grothendieck polynomials
    Adv. Math. (IF 1.435) Pub Date : 2020-01-21
    Damir Yeliussizov

    It is a classical fundamental result that Schur-positive specializations of the ring of symmetric functions are characterized via totally positive functions whose parametrization describes the Edrei–Thoma theorem. In this paper, we study positive specializations of symmetric Grothendieck polynomials, K-theoretic deformations of Schur polynomials.

    更新日期:2020-01-22
  • Set relations and set systems induced by some families of integral domains
    Adv. Math. (IF 1.435) Pub Date : 2020-01-21
    G. Chiaselotti; F. Infusino; P.A. Oliverio

    In this paper, given an integral domain U, we investigate the main properties of a relation ←mod which is based on the interrelation between subdomains of U and finitely generated unitary submodules of U. We shall characterize it in terms of a second relation ≺⋄ between n-tuples (u1,…,un) of elements of U and subdomains D of U defined by the vanishing in (u1,…,un) of some polynomial p(Z1,…,Zn) belonging to a specific subset of the polynomial ring in several variables D[Z1,…,Zn]. Such an equivalence shall be used in order to introduce three specific collections of subdomains XU, BU and PU, whose algebraic properties present a close connection with geometrical and combinatorial properties induced by ←mod. On the other hand, the characterization of the subdomains of XU leads to the more general problem of finding a map Ψ associating with a subdomain D of U a collection Ψ(D) of subdomains of KU such that the intersection of some or of any member of Ψ(D) gives D. In this perspective, in the present paper we shall study two further collections of subdomains of U, denoted respectively by EU and LU, whose main properties are related to those of the families PU and BU. Finally, our investigation of all the aforementioned subdomain families shall be also related to the study of pairs (e,ξ), where e∈U∖{0} and ξ is an idempotent ring endomorphism of U whose kernel agrees with the ideal of U generated by e. We shall exhibit several results concerning the membership of ξ(U) and of ξ(U)[e] to the above subdomain families.

    更新日期:2020-01-22
  • C1,α isometric embeddings of polar caps
    Adv. Math. (IF 1.435) Pub Date : 2020-01-21
    Camillo De Lellis; Dominik Inauen

    We study isometric embeddings of C2 Riemannian manifolds in the Euclidean space and we establish that the Hölder space C1,12 is critical in a suitable sense: in particular we prove that for α>12 the Levi-Civita connection of any isometric immersion is induced by the Euclidean connection, whereas for any α<12 we construct C1,α isometric embeddings of portions of the standard 2-dimensional sphere for which such property fails.

    更新日期:2020-01-22
  • On the derivative of the Hausdorff dimension of the Julia sets for z2 + c, c∈R at parabolic parameters with two petals
    Adv. Math. (IF 1.435) Pub Date : 2020-01-21
    Ludwik Jaksztas; Michel Zinsmeister

    Let d(c) denote the Hausdorff dimension of the Julia set Jc of the polynomial fc(z)=z2+c. Let c0∈R be such that fc0 has a parabolic cycle with two petals: we investigate in this paper how the bifurcation that occurs as c∈R crosses c0 reflects on the variations of d(c).

    更新日期:2020-01-22
  • Castelnuovo–Mumford Regularity up to Symmetry
    Int. Math. Res. Notices (IF 1.452) Pub Date : 2020-01-20
    Le D, Nagel U, Nguyen H, et al.

    We study the asymptotic behavior of the Castelnuovo–Mumford regularity along chains of graded ideals in increasingly larger polynomial rings that are invariant under the action of symmetric groups. A linear upper bound for the regularity of such ideals is established. We conjecture that their regularity grows eventually precisely linearly. We establish this conjecture in several cases, most notably when the ideals are Artinian or squarefree monomial.

    更新日期:2020-01-22
  • Generating Functionals for Locally Compact Quantum Groups
    Int. Math. Res. Notices (IF 1.452) Pub Date : 2020-01-20
    Skalski A, Viselter A.

    Every symmetric generating functional of a convolution semigroup of states on a locally compact quantum group is shown to admit a dense unital *-subalgebra with core-like properties in its domain. On the other hand we prove that every normalised, symmetric, hermitian conditionally positive functional on a dense *-subalgebra of the unitisation of the universal C$^*$-algebra of a locally compact quantum group, satisfying certain technical conditions, extends in a canonical way to a generating functional. Some consequences of these results are outlined, notably those related to constructing cocycles out of convolution semigroups.

    更新日期:2020-01-22
  • On the Classification of ALE Kähler Manifolds
    Int. Math. Res. Notices (IF 1.452) Pub Date : 2020-01-20
    Hein H, Răsdeaconu R, Şuvaina I.

    The underlying complex structure of an ALE Kähler manifold is exhibited as a resolution of a deformation of an isolated quotient singularity. As a consequence, there exist only finitely many diffeomorphism types of minimal ALE Kähler surfaces with a given group at infinity.

    更新日期:2020-01-22
  • Self-Similar Dynamics for the Modified Korteweg–de Vries Equation
    Int. Math. Res. Notices (IF 1.452) Pub Date : 2020-01-20
    Correia S, Côte R, Vega L.

    We prove a local well-posedness result for the modified Korteweg–de Vries equation in a critical space designed so that is contains self-similar solutions. As a consequence, we can study the flow of this equation around self-similar solutions: in particular, we give an asymptotic description of small solutions as $t \to +\infty$.

    更新日期:2020-01-22
  • Matching of orbital integrals (transfer) and Roche Hecke algebra isomorphisms
    Compos. Math. (IF 1.301) Pub Date : 2020-01-21
    Bertrand Lemaire; Manish Mishra

    Let $F$ be a non-Archimedean local field, $G$ a connected reductive group defined and split over $F$ , and $T$ a maximal $F$ -split torus in $G$ . Let $\unicode[STIX]{x1D712}_{0}$ be a depth-zero character of the maximal compact subgroup $T$ of $T(F)$ . This gives by inflation a character $\unicode[STIX]{x1D70C}$ of an Iwahori subgroup $\unicode[STIX]{x2110}\subset T$ of $G(F)$ . From Roche [Types and Hecke algebras for principal series representations of split reductive $p$ -adic groups, Ann. Sci. Éc. Norm. Supér. (4) 31 (1998), 361–413], $\unicode[STIX]{x1D712}_{0}$ defines a reductive $F$ -split group $\widetilde{G}^{\prime }$ whose connected component $G^{\prime }$ is an endoscopic group of $G$ , and there is an isomorphism of $\mathbb{C}$ -algebras $\unicode[STIX]{x210B}(G(F),\unicode[STIX]{x1D70C})\rightarrow \unicode[STIX]{x210B}(\widetilde{G}^{\prime }(F),1_{\unicode[STIX]{x2110}^{\prime }})$ where $\unicode[STIX]{x210B}(G(F),\unicode[STIX]{x1D70C})$ is the Hecke algebra of compactly supported $\unicode[STIX]{x1D70C}^{-1}$ -spherical functions on $G(F)$ and $\unicode[STIX]{x2110}^{\prime }$ is an Iwahori subgroup of $G^{\prime }(F)$ . This isomorphism gives by restriction an injective morphism $\unicode[STIX]{x1D701}:Z(G(F),\unicode[STIX]{x1D70C})\rightarrow Z(G^{\prime }(F),1_{\unicode[STIX]{x2110}^{\prime }})$ between the centers of the Hecke algebras. We prove here that a certain linear combination of morphisms analogous to $\unicode[STIX]{x1D701}$ realizes the transfer (matching of strongly $G$ -regular semi-simple orbital integrals). If $\operatorname{char}(F)=p>0$ , our result is unconditional only if $p$ is large enough.

    更新日期:2020-01-22
  • On the sweep map for fuss rational Dyck paths
    Adv. Appl. Math. (IF 1.008) Pub Date : 2020-01-20
    Adriano M. Garsia; Guoce Xin

    Our main contribution here is the discovery of a new family of standard Young tableaux Tnk which are in bijection with the family Dm,n of Rational Dyck paths for m=k×n±1 (the so called “Fuss” case). Using this family we give a new proof of the invertibility of the sweep map in the Fuss case by means of a very simple explicit algorithm. This new algorithm has running time O(m+n). It is independent of the Thomas-William algorithm.

    更新日期:2020-01-21
  • A boundedness criterion for singular integral operators of convolution type on the Fock space
    Adv. Math. (IF 1.435) Pub Date : 2020-01-20
    Guangfu Cao; Ji Li; Minxing Shen; Brett D. Wick; Lixin Yan

    We show that for an entire function φ belonging to the Fock space F2(Cn) on the complex Euclidean space Cn, the integral operatorSφF(z)=∫CnF(w)ez⋅w¯φ(z−w¯)dλ(w),z∈Cn, is bounded on F2(Cn) if and only if there exists a function m∈L∞(Rn) such thatφ(z)=∫Rnm(x)e−2(x−i2z)2dx,z∈Cn. Here dλ(w)=π−ne−|w|2dw is the Gaussian measure on Cn. With this characterization we are able to obtain some fundamental results of the operator Sφ, including the normality, the C⁎ algebraic properties, the spectrum and its compactness. Moreover, we obtain the reducing subspaces of Sφ. In particular, in the case n=1, we give a complete solution to an open problem proposed by K. Zhu for the Fock space F2(C) on the complex plane C (Zhu (2015) [30]).

    更新日期:2020-01-21
  • Positivity of Divisor Classes on the Strata of Differentials
    Q. J. Math. (IF 0.636) Pub Date : 2020-01-20
    Chen D.

    Three decades ago Cornalba and Harris proved a fundamental positivity result for divisor classes associated to families of stable curves. In this paper we establish an analogous positivity result for divisor classes associated to families of stable differentials.

    更新日期:2020-01-21
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