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  • Implementing Pre-Emptive Managed Retreat: Constraints and Novel Insights
    Curr. Clim. Change Rep. (IF 6.095) Pub Date : 2020-07-03
    Judy Lawrence, Jonathan Boston, Robert Bell, Sam Olufson, Rick Kool, Matthew Hardcastle, Adolf Stroombergen

    Purpose of Review Managed retreat will be inevitable where other adaptation options, such as protective structures or building restrictions, provide only temporary respite or are otherwise uneconomic, technically impractical or both. Here, we focus on the implementation of pre-emptive managed retreat, providing examples of how it can be sequenced, socialised and given the governance enablers necessary

    更新日期:2020-07-24
  • Data Assimilation Improves Estimates of Climate-Sensitive Seasonal Snow
    Curr. Clim. Change Rep. (IF 6.095) Pub Date : 2020-05-15
    Manuela Girotto, Keith N. Musselman, Richard L. H. Essery

    As the Earth warms, the spatial and temporal response of seasonal snow remains uncertain. The global snow science community estimates snow cover and mass with information from land surface models, numerical weather prediction, satellite observations, surface measurements, and combinations thereof. Accurate estimation of snow at the spatial and temporal scales over which snow varies has historically

    更新日期:2020-07-24
  • Changing Degree of Convective Organization as a Mechanism for Dynamic Changes in Extreme Precipitation
    Curr. Clim. Change Rep. (IF 6.095) Pub Date : 2020-05-04
    Angeline G. Pendergrass

    Purpose of Review What does recent work say about how changes in convective organization could lead to changes in extreme precipitation? Recent Findings Changing convective organization is one mechanism that could explain variation in extreme precipitation increase through dynamics. In models, the effects of convective self-aggregation on extreme precipitation are sensitive to parameterization, among

    更新日期:2020-05-04
  • When Climate Turns Nasty, What Are Recent and Future Implications? Ecological and Human Health Review of Climate Change Impacts
    Curr. Clim. Change Rep. (IF 6.095) Pub Date : 2020-05-01
    Ayansina Ayanlade, Consolato M. Sergi, Paola Di Carlo, Oluwatoyin S. Ayanlade, Damilola T. Agbalajobi

    Purpose of Review The impacts of climate change on biodiversity in the last three decades have increasingly assumed from significant to threatening proportions and this causes major global concerns. This study aims at examining the recent and future impacts of global climate change on both ecological resources and human well-being. This review study is based on the general concept of ecological resilience:

    更新日期:2020-05-01
  • Finding the Fingerprint of Anthropogenic Climate Change in Marine Phytoplankton Abundance
    Curr. Clim. Change Rep. (IF 6.095) Pub Date : 2020-03-27
    Geneviève W. Elsworth, Nicole S. Lovenduski, Karen A. McKinnon, Kristen M. Krumhardt, Riley X. Brady

    Purpose of Review We review how phytoplankton abundance may be responding to the increase in stratification associated with anthropogenic climate change, providing context on the utility of remote sensing datasets and Earth system model output to understand these perturbations. Recent Findings Assessing disruption in the ocean biosphere using remote sensing datasets is challenged by the relatively

    更新日期:2020-03-27
  • Extratropical Influence on the Tropical Rainfall Distribution
    Curr. Clim. Change Rep. (IF 6.095) Pub Date : 2020-03-03
    Sarah M. Kang

    Purpose of Review This review focuses on recent progress in understanding the extratropical influence on the annual- and zonal-mean intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) position using a hierarchy of model simulations and theory. Recent Findings Significant progress in our theoretical understanding of the zonal-mean ITCZ position has been made utilizing simulations with a slab ocean. Interhemispheric

    更新日期:2020-03-03
  • Migration and Household Adaptation in Climate-Sensitive Hotspots in South Asia
    Curr. Clim. Change Rep. (IF 6.095) Pub Date : 2020-02-19
    Amina Maharjan, Ricardo Safra de Campos, Chandni Singh, Shouvik Das, Arjun Srinivas, Mohammad Rashed Alam Bhuiyan, Sultan Ishaq, Muhammad Awais Umar, Tanzina Dilshad, Krity Shrestha, Suruchi Bhadwal, Tuhin Ghosh, Natalie Suckall, Katharine Vincent

    Purpose of Review South Asia is highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, owing to the high dependency on climate-sensitive livelihoods and recurrent extreme events. Consequently, an increasing number of households are adopting labour migration as a livelihood strategy to diversify incomes, spread risks, and meet aspirations. Under the Collaborative Adaptation Research Initiative in Africa

    更新日期:2020-02-19
  • Paying a Price of Climate Change: Who Pays for Managed Retreats?
    Curr. Clim. Change Rep. (IF 6.095) Pub Date : 2020-02-18
    Ilan Noy

    Purpose of Review Managed retreats are an important climate change adaptation tool. They seek the relocation of communities due to perceptions that they are already exposed to undue levels of risk or will become exposed to high risk in the near future because of climate change. Here, we focus on the economics of managed retreats and specifically focus on the question of who pays or may pay for these

    更新日期:2020-02-18
  • Regional Climate Impacts of Future Changes in the Mid–Latitude Atmospheric Circulation: a Storyline View
    Curr. Clim. Change Rep. (IF 6.095) Pub Date : 2019-11-28
    Giuseppe Zappa

    Purpose of Review Atmospheric circulation exerts a strong control on regional climate and extremes. However, projections of future circulation change remain uncertain, thus affecting the assessment of regional climate change. The purpose of this review is to describe some key cases where regional precipitation and windiness strongly depend on the mid-latitude atmospheric circulation response to warming

    更新日期:2019-11-28
  • Indo-Pacific Climate Modes in Warming Climate: Consensus and Uncertainty Across Model Projections
    Curr. Clim. Change Rep. (IF 6.095) Pub Date : 2019-11-25
    Xiao-Tong Zheng

    Purpose of Review Understanding the changes in climate variability in a warming climate is crucial for reliable projections of future climate change. This article reviews the recent progress in studies of how climate modes in the Indo-Pacific respond to greenhouse warming, including the consensus and uncertainty across climate models. Recent Findings Recent studies revealed a range of robust changes

    更新日期:2019-11-25
  • Carbon-Cycle Feedbacks Operating in the Climate System
    Curr. Clim. Change Rep. (IF 6.095) Pub Date : 2019-11-22
    Richard G. Williams, Anna Katavouta, Philip Goodwin

    Climate change involves a direct response of the climate system to forcing which is amplified or damped by feedbacks operating in the climate system. Carbon-cycle feedbacks alter the land and ocean carbon inventories and so act to reduce or enhance the increase in atmospheric CO2 from carbon emissions. The prevailing framework for carbon-cycle feedbacks connect changes in land and ocean carbon inventories

    更新日期:2019-11-22
  • Mechanisms of Future Predicted Changes in the Zonal Mean Mid-Latitude Circulation
    Curr. Clim. Change Rep. (IF 6.095) Pub Date : 2019-11-21
    Tiffany A. Shaw

    State-of-the-art climate models predict the zonal mean mid-latitude circulation will undergo a poleward shift and seasonally and hemispherically dependent intensity changes in the future. Here I review the mechanisms put forward to explain the zonal mean mid-latitude circulation response to increased carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration. The mechanisms are grouped according to their thermodynamic starting

    更新日期:2019-11-21
  • Northern Hemisphere Stationary Waves in a Changing Climate
    Curr. Clim. Change Rep. (IF 6.095) Pub Date : 2019-11-21
    Robert C. J. Wills, Rachel H. White, Xavier J. Levine

    Purpose of Review Stationary waves are planetary-scale longitudinal variations in the time-averaged atmospheric circulation. Here, we consider the projected response of Northern Hemisphere stationary waves to climate change in winter and summer. We discuss how the response varies across different metrics, identify robust responses, and review proposed mechanisms. Recent Findings Climate models project

    更新日期:2019-11-21
  • The Future of Midlatitude Cyclones
    Curr. Clim. Change Rep. (IF 6.095) Pub Date : 2019-11-15
    Jennifer L. Catto, Duncan Ackerley, James F. Booth, Adrian J. Champion, Brian A. Colle, Stephan Pfahl, Joaquim G. Pinto, Julian F. Quinting, Christian Seiler

    Purpose of Review This review brings together recent research on the structure, characteristics, dynamics, and impacts of extratropical cyclones in the future. It draws on research using idealized models and complex climate simulations, to evaluate what is known and unknown about these future changes. Recent Findings There are interacting processes that contribute to the uncertainties in future extratropical

    更新日期:2019-11-15
  • Climate Models as Guidance for the Design of Observing Systems: the Case of Polar Climate and Sea Ice Prediction
    Curr. Clim. Change Rep. (IF 6.095) Pub Date : 2019-11-13
    François Massonnet

    Purpose of review The Arctic and Antarctic are among the regions most exposed to climate change, but ironically, they are also the ones for which the least observations are available. Climate models have been instrumental in completing the big picture. It is generally accepted that observations feed the development of climate models: parameterizations are designed based on empirically observed relationships

    更新日期:2019-11-13
  • Amplification of Waveguide Teleconnections in the Boreal Summer
    Curr. Clim. Change Rep. (IF 6.095) Pub Date : 2019-11-06
    Haiyan Teng, Grant Branstator

    Purpose of Review While the influence of climate change on mid-latitude atmospheric circulation remains uncertain, hypotheses based on linear waveguide dynamics have been proposed suggesting amplification of circumglobal quasi-stationary Rossby wave events, which may have led to persistent and high-impact extremes in recent boreal summers. It is thus useful to synthesize these hypotheses and to discuss

    更新日期:2019-11-06
  • Simulating the Midlatitude Atmospheric Circulation: What Might We Gain From High-Resolution Modeling of Air-Sea Interactions?
    Curr. Clim. Change Rep. (IF 6.095) Pub Date : 2019-11-04
    A. Czaja, C. Frankignoul, S. Minobe, B. Vannière

    Purpose of Review To provide a snapshot of the current research on the oceanic forcing of the atmospheric circulation in midlatitudes and a concise update on previous review papers. Recent Findings Atmospheric models used for seasonal and longer timescales predictions are starting to resolve motions so far only studied in conjunction with weather forecasts. These phenomena have horizontal scales of

    更新日期:2019-11-04
  • Observing Changes in Ocean Carbonate Chemistry: Our Autonomous Future.
    Curr. Clim. Change Rep. Pub Date : 2019-08-14
    Seth M Bushinsky,Yuichiro Takeshita,Nancy L Williams

    Purpose of Review We summarize recent progress on autonomous observations of ocean carbonate chemistry and the development of a network of sensors capable of observing carbonate processes at multiple temporal and spatial scales. Recent Findings The development of versatile pH sensors suitable for both deployment on autonomous vehicles and in compact, fixed ecosystem observatories has been a major development

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Aerosol Absorption: Progress Towards Global and Regional Constraints.
    Curr. Clim. Change Rep. Pub Date : 2018-01-01
    Bjørn H Samset,Camilla W Stjern,Elisabeth Andrews,Ralph A Kahn,Gunnar Myhre,Michael Schulz,Gregory L Schuster

    Purpose of Review Some aerosols absorb solar radiation, altering cloud properties, atmospheric stability and circulation dynamics, and the water cycle. Here we review recent progress towards global and regional constraints on aerosol absorption from observations and modeling, considering physical properties and combined approaches crucial for understanding the total (natural and anthropogenic) influences

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • The Effects of Carbon Dioxide Removal on the Carbon Cycle.
    Curr. Clim. Change Rep. Pub Date : 2018-01-01
    David P Keller,Andrew Lenton,Emma W Littleton,Andreas Oschlies,Vivian Scott,Naomi E Vaughan

    Increasing atmospheric CO2 is having detrimental effects on the Earth system. Societies have recognized that anthropogenic CO2 release must be rapidly reduced to avoid potentially catastrophic impacts. Achieving this via emissions reductions alone will be very difficult. Carbon dioxide removal (CDR) has been suggested to complement and compensate for insufficient emissions reductions, through increasing

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Blocking and its Response to Climate Change.
    Curr. Clim. Change Rep. Pub Date : 2018-01-01
    Tim Woollings,David Barriopedro,John Methven,Seok-Woo Son,Olivia Martius,Ben Harvey,Jana Sillmann,Anthony R Lupo,Sonia Seneviratne

    Purpose of Review Atmospheric blocking events represent some of the most high-impact weather patterns in the mid-latitudes, yet they have often been a cause for concern in future climate projections. There has been low confidence in predicted future changes in blocking, despite relatively good agreement between climate models on a decline in blocking. This is due to the lack of a comprehensive theory

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Rising Oceans Guaranteed: Arctic Land Ice Loss and Sea Level Rise.
    Curr. Clim. Change Rep. Pub Date : 2018-01-01
    Twila Moon,Andreas Ahlstrøm,Heiko Goelzer,William Lipscomb,Sophie Nowicki

    Purpose of Review This paper reviews sea level contributions from land ice across the Arctic, including Greenland. We summarize ice loss measurement methods, ice loss mechanisms, and recent observations and projections, and highlight research advances over the last 3-5 years and remaining scientific challenges. Recent Findings Mass loss across the Arctic began to accelerate during the late twentieth

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • The Trajectory Towards a Seasonally Ice-Free Arctic Ocean.
    Curr. Clim. Change Rep. Pub Date : 2018-01-01
    Dirk Notz,Julienne Stroeve

    Purpose of Review The observed substantial loss of Arctic sea ice has raised prospects of a seasonally ice-free Arctic Ocean within the foreseeable future. In this review, we summarize our current understanding of the most likely trajectory of the Arctic sea-ice cover towards this state. Recent Findings The future trajectory of the Arctic sea-ice cover can be described through a deterministic component

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Polar Climate Change as Manifest in Atmospheric Circulation.
    Curr. Clim. Change Rep. Pub Date : 2018-01-01
    J A Screen,T J Bracegirdle,I Simmonds

    Purpose of Review Dynamic manifestations of climate change, i.e. those related to circulation, are less well understood than are thermodynamic, or temperature-related aspects. However, this knowledge gap is narrowing. We review recent progress in understanding the causes of observed changes in polar tropospheric and stratospheric circulation, and in interpreting climate model projections of their future

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Response of the Intertropical Convergence Zone to Climate Change: Location, Width, and Strength.
    Curr. Clim. Change Rep. Pub Date : 2018-01-01
    Michael P Byrne,Angeline G Pendergrass,Anita D Rapp,Kyle R Wodzicki

    Purpose of Review The intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) is a planetary-scale band of heavy precipitation close to the equator. Here, we consider the response of the ITCZ structure to climate change using observations, simulations, and theory. We focus on the substantial yet underappreciated projected changes in ITCZ width and strength, and highlight an emerging conceptual framework for understanding

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Bridging Research and Policy on Climate Change and Conflict.
    Curr. Clim. Change Rep. Pub Date : 2018-01-01
    Elisabeth A Gilmore,Lauren Herzer Risi,Elizabeth Tennant,Halvard Buhaug

    Purpose of Review This special issue on "Bridging Research and Policy on Climate Change and Conflict" brings together the results of a 2018 workshop organized by the Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO) and the Wilson Center with six papers that address different aspects of the translation of the research on climate change and conflict to policy and practice. Here, we provide an overview of the workshop

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Approaches to Observe Anthropogenic Aerosol-Cloud Interactions.
    Curr. Clim. Change Rep. Pub Date : 2015-12-01
    Johannes Quaas

    Anthropogenic aerosol particles exert an-quantitatively very uncertain-effective radiative forcing due to aerosol-cloud interactions via an immediate altering of cloud albedo on the one hand and via rapid adjustments by alteration of cloud processes and by changes in thermodynamic profiles on the other hand. Large variability in cloud cover and properties and the therefore low signal-to-noise ratio

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Precipitation Extremes Under Climate Change.
    Curr. Clim. Change Rep. Pub Date : 2015-08-28
    Paul A O'Gorman

    The response of precipitation extremes to climate change is considered using results from theory, modeling, and observations, with a focus on the physical factors that control the response. Observations and simulations with climate models show that precipitation extremes intensify in response to a warming climate. However, the sensitivity of precipitation extremes to warming remains uncertain when

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Emergent Constraints on Climate-Carbon Cycle Feedbacks
    Curr. Clim. Change Rep. (IF 6.095) Pub Date : 2019-09-10
    Peter M. Cox

    Purpose of Review Feedbacks between CO2-induced climate change and the carbon cycle are now routinely represented in the Earth System Models (ESMs) that are used to make projections of future climate change. The inconclusion of climate-carbon cycle feedbacks in climate projections is an important advance, but has added a significant new source of uncertainty. This review assesses the potential for

    更新日期:2019-09-10
  • The Pacific Meridional Mode and ENSO: a Review
    Curr. Clim. Change Rep. (IF 6.095) Pub Date : 2019-09-04
    Dillon J. Amaya

    Purpose of Review This paper reviews recent progress in understanding of the North Pacific Meridional Mode (NPMM) and its influence on the timing, magnitude, flavor, and intensity of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO). Recent Findings The NPMM is a seasonally evolving mode of coupled climate variability and features several distinct opportunities to influence ENSO. They include: (1) A Wind-Evaporation-SST

    更新日期:2019-09-04
  • Snow and Climate: Feedbacks, Drivers, and Indices of Change
    Curr. Clim. Change Rep. (IF 6.095) Pub Date : 2019-08-31
    Chad W. Thackeray, Chris Derksen, Christopher G. Fletcher, Alex Hall

    Purpose of Review Highlight significant developments that have recently been made to enhance our understanding of how snow responds to climate forcing and the role that snow plays in the climate system. Recent Findings Widespread snow loss has occurred in recent decades, with the largest decreases in spring. These changes are primarily driven by temperature and precipitation, but changes in vegetation

    更新日期:2019-08-31
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