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  • Molecular quantum materials: electronic phases and charge dynamics in two-dimensional organic solids
    Adv. Phys. (IF 16.375) Pub Date : 2020-11-16
    Martin Dressel; Silvia Tomić

    This review provides a perspective on recent developments and their implications for our understanding of novel quantum phenomena in the physics of two-dimensional organic solids. We concentrate on the phase transitions and collective response in the charge sector, the importance of coupling of electronic and lattice degrees of freedom and stress an intriguing role of disorder. After a brief introduction

    更新日期:2020-11-17
  • Light-matter interactions within the Ehrenfest–Maxwell–Pauli–Kohn–Sham framework: fundamentals, implementation, and nano-optical applications
    Adv. Phys. (IF 16.375) Pub Date : 2020-01-21
    René Jestädt; Michael Ruggenthaler; Micael J. T. Oliveira; Angel Rubio; Heiko Appel

    In recent years significant experimental advances in nano-scale fabrication techniques and in available light sources have opened the possibility to study a vast set of novel light-matter interaction scenarios, including strong coupling cases. In many situations nowadays, classical electromagnetic modeling is insufficient as quantum effects, both in matter and light, start to play an important role

    更新日期:2020-04-20
  • Light-matter interactions within the Ehrenfest–Maxwell–Pauli–Kohn–Sham framework: fundamentals, implementation, and nano-optical applications
    Adv. Phys. (IF 16.375) Pub Date : 2020-01-21
    René Jestädt; Michael Ruggenthaler; Micael J. T. Oliveira; Angel Rubio; Heiko Appel

    In recent years significant experimental advances in nano-scale fabrication techniques and in available light sources have opened the possibility to study a vast set of novel light-matter interaction scenarios, including strong coupling cases. In many situations nowadays, classical electromagnetic modeling is insufficient as quantum effects, both in matter and light, start to play an important role

    更新日期:2020-01-22
  • Optical methods for quantitative and label-free sensing in living human tissues: principles, techniques, and applications.
    Adv. Phys. (IF 16.375) Pub Date : 2016-01-01
    Robert H Wilson,Karthik Vishwanath,Mary-Ann Mycek

    We present an overview of quantitative and label-free optical methods used to characterize living biological tissues, with an emphasis on emerging applications in clinical tissue diagnostics. Specifically, this review focuses on diffuse optical spectroscopy, imaging, and tomography, optical coherence-based techniques, and non-linear optical methods for molecular imaging. The potential for non- or minimally-invasive

    更新日期:2019-11-01
  • Explosive phenomena in complex networks
    Adv. Phys. (IF 16.375) Pub Date : 2019-08-27
    Raissa M. D'Souza, Jesus Gómez-Gardeñes, Jan Nagler, Alex Arenas

    The emergence of large-scale connectivity and synchronization are crucial to the structure, function and failure of many complex socio-technical networks. Thus, there is great interest in analyzing phase transitions to large-scale connectivity and to global synchronization, including how to enhance or delay the onset. These phenomena are traditionally studied as second-order phase transitions where

    更新日期:2019-10-25
  • Magnetic field effects on excited states, charge transport, and electrical polarization in organic semiconductors in spin and orbital regimes
    Adv. Phys. (IF 16.375) Pub Date : 2019-05-13
    Hengxing Xu, Miaosheng Wang, Zhi-Gang Yu, Kai Wang, Bin Hu

    Magnetic field can influence photoluminescence, electroluminescence, photocurrent, injection current, and dielectric constant in organic materials, organic–inorganic hybrids, and nanoparticles at room temperature by re-distributing spin populations, generating emerging phenomena including magneto-photoluminescence, magneto-electroluminescence, magneto-photocurrent, magneto-electrical current, and magneto-dielectrics

    更新日期:2019-05-16
  • Density-functional theory for plutonium
    Adv. Phys. (IF 16.375) Pub Date : 2019-04-09
    Per Söderlind, A. Landa, B. Sadigh

    We review developments in the theoretical description and understanding of plutonium in terms of a metal with itinerant (band) 5f electrons. Within this picture most facets of this remarkable and anomalous material are accurately described by first-principle, parameter-free, density-functional-theory (DFT) calculations. We show that the model explains plutonium’s phase stability, elasticity, lattice

    更新日期:2019-04-09
  • Topological quantum matter with cold atoms
    Adv. Phys. (IF 16.375) Pub Date : 2019-03-29
    Dan-Wei Zhang, Yan-Qing Zhu, Y. X. Zhao, Hui Yan, Shi-Liang Zhu

    This is an introductory review of the physics of topological quantum matter with cold atoms. Topological quantum phases, originally discovered and investigated in condensed matter physics, have recently been explored in a range of different systems, which produced both fascinating physics findings and exciting opportunities for applications. Among the physical systems that have been considered to realize

    更新日期:2019-03-29
  • Quantum magnetism in minerals
    Adv. Phys. (IF 16.375) Pub Date : 2019-02-13
    D.S. Inosov

    The discovery of magnetism by the ancient Greeks was enabled by the natural occurrence of lodestone – a magnetized version of the mineral magnetite. Nowadays, natural minerals continue to inspire the search for novel magnetic materials with quantum-critical behaviour or exotic ground states such as spin liquids. The recent surge of interest in magnetic frustration and quantum magnetism was largely

    更新日期:2019-02-14
  • Quantum magnetism in minerals
    Adv. Phys. (IF 16.375) Pub Date : 2019-02-13
    D.S. Inosov

    The discovery of magnetism by the ancient Greeks was enabled by the natural occurrence of lodestone – a magnetized version of the mineral magnetite. Nowadays, natural minerals continue to inspire the search for novel magnetic materials with quantum-critical behaviour or exotic ground states such as spin liquids. The recent surge of interest in magnetic frustration and quantum magnetism was largely

    更新日期:2019-02-13
  • Advances in thermoelectrics
    Adv. Phys. (IF 16.375) Pub Date : 2018-12-05
    Jun Mao, Zihang Liu, Jiawei Zhou, Hangtian Zhu, Qian Zhang, Gang Chen, Zhifeng Ren

    Thermoelectric generators, capable of directly converting heat into electricity, hold great promise for tackling the ever-increasing energy sustainability issue. The thermoelectric energy conversion efficiency is heavily dependent upon the materials’ performance that is quantified by the dimensionless figure-of-merit (ZT). Therefore, the central issue in the research of thermoelectric materials lies

    更新日期:2018-12-06
  • Advances in thermoelectrics
    Adv. Phys. (IF 16.375) Pub Date : 2018-12-05
    Jun Mao, Zihang Liu, Jiawei Zhou, Hangtian Zhu, Qian Zhang, Gang Chen, Zhifeng Ren

    Thermoelectric generators, capable of directly converting heat into electricity, hold great promise for tackling the ever-increasing energy sustainability issue. The thermoelectric energy conversion efficiency is heavily dependent upon the materials’ performance that is quantified by the dimensionless figure-of-merit (ZT). Therefore, the central issue in the research of thermoelectric materials lies

    更新日期:2018-12-05
  • Harnessing symmetry to control quantum transport
    Adv. Phys. (IF 16.375) Pub Date : 2018-09-26
    D. Manzano, P.I. Hurtado

    Controlling transport in quantum systems holds the key to many promising quantum technologies. Here we review the power of symmetry as a resource to manipulate quantum transport and apply these ideas to engineer novel quantum devices. Using tools from open quantum systems and large deviation theory, we show that symmetry-mediated control of transport is enabled by a pair of twin dynamic phase transitions

    更新日期:2018-09-26
  • Harnessing symmetry to control quantum transport
    Adv. Phys. (IF 16.375) Pub Date : 2018-09-26
    D. Manzano, P.I. Hurtado

    Controlling transport in quantum systems holds the key to many promising quantum technologies. Here we review the power of symmetry as a resource to manipulate quantum transport and apply these ideas to engineer novel quantum devices. Using tools from open quantum systems and large deviation theory, we show that symmetry-mediated control of transport is enabled by a pair of twin dynamic phase transitions

    更新日期:2018-09-26
  • High magnetic field behavior of strongly correlated uranium-based compounds
    Adv. Phys. (IF 16.375) Pub Date : 2018-05-10
    J.A. Mydosh

    Magnetic fields are now available to 100 T (pulsed), 45 T (static) at temperatures below 0.3 K. Such technical developments allow the study and tuning of (quantum) phase transitions, unusual magnetic structures and (high-temperature) superconductors in a variety of quantum materials. An especially important class of strongly correlated electron materials is the heavy Fermi liquids (HFLs) displaying

    更新日期:2018-05-11
  • High magnetic field behavior of strongly correlated uranium-based compounds
    Adv. Phys. (IF 16.375) Pub Date : 2018-05-10
    J.A. Mydosh

    Magnetic fields are now available to 100 T (pulsed), 45 T (static) at temperatures below 0.3 K. Such technical developments allow the study and tuning of (quantum) phase transitions, unusual magnetic structures and (high-temperature) superconductors in a variety of quantum materials. An especially important class of strongly correlated electron materials is the heavy Fermi liquids (HFLs) displaying

    更新日期:2018-05-10
  • Inverse statistical problems: from the inverse Ising problem to data science
    Adv. Phys. (IF 16.375) Pub Date : 2017-06-29
    H. Chau Nguyen, Riccardo Zecchina, Johannes Berg

    Inverse problems in statistical physics are motivated by the challenges of ‘big data’ in different fields, in particular high-throughput experiments in biology. In inverse problems, the usual procedure of statistical physics needs to be reversed: Instead of calculating observables on the basis of model parameters, we seek to infer parameters of a model based on observations. In this review, we focus

    更新日期:2017-06-29
  • Unconventional superconductivity
    Adv. Phys. (IF 16.375) Pub Date : 2017-06-05
    G. R. Stewart

    ‘Conventional’ superconductivity, as used in this review, refers to electron–phonon-coupled superconducting electron pairs described by BCS theory. Unconventional superconductivity refers to superconductors where the Cooper pairs are not bound together by phonon exchange but instead by exchange of some other kind, e.g. spin fluctuations in a superconductor with magnetic order either coexistent or nearby

    更新日期:2017-06-05
  • Electron-volt neutron spectroscopy: beyond fundamental systems
    Adv. Phys. (IF 16.375) Pub Date : 2017-04-28
    Carla Andreani, Maciej Krzystyniak, Giovanni Romanelli, Roberto Senesi, Felix Fernandez-Alonso

    This work provides an up-to-date account of the use of electron-volt neutron spectroscopy in materials research. This is a growing area of neutron science, capitalising upon the unique insights provided by epithermal neutrons on the behaviour and properties of an increasing number of complex materials. As such, the present work builds upon the aims and scope of a previous contribution to this journal

    更新日期:2017-04-28
  • Physics of transparent conductors
    Adv. Phys. (IF 16.375) Pub Date : 2016-09-28
    Jinwei Gao, Krzysztof Kempa, Michael Giersig, Eser Metin Akinoglu, Bing Han, Ruopeng Li

    Transparent conductors (TCs) are materials, which are characterized by high transmission of light and simultaneously very high electrical DC conductivity. These materials play a crucial role, and made possible numerous applications in the fields of electro-optics, plasmonics, biosensing, medicine, and “green energy”. Modern applications, for example in the field of touchscreen and flexible displays

    更新日期:2016-09-28
  • Editorial Board
    Adv. Phys. (IF 16.375) Pub Date : 2016-09-28

    (2016). Editorial Board. Advances in Physics: Vol. 65, No. 6, pp. Ebi-Ebi.

    更新日期:2016-09-28
  • Statistical physics of inference: thresholds and algorithms
    Adv. Phys. (IF 16.375) Pub Date : 2016-08-19
    Lenka Zdeborová, Florent Krzakala

    Many questions of fundamental interest in today's science can be formulated as inference problems: some partial, or noisy, observations are performed over a set of variables and the goal is to recover, or infer, the values of the variables based on the indirect information contained in the measurements. For such problems, the central scientific questions are: Under what conditions is the information

    更新日期:2016-08-19
  • Deconstructing the glass transition through critical experiments on colloids
    Adv. Phys. (IF 16.375) Pub Date : 2016-08-17
    Shreyas Gokhale, A.K. Sood, Rajesh Ganapathy

    The glass transition is the most enduring grand-challenge problem in contemporary condensed matter physics. Here, we review the contribution of colloid experiments to our understanding of this problem. First, we briefly outline the success of colloidal systems in yielding microscopic insights into a wide range of condensed matter phenomena. In the context of the glass transition, we demonstrate their

    更新日期:2016-08-17
  • From quantum chaos and eigenstate thermalization to statistical mechanics and thermodynamics
    Adv. Phys. (IF 16.375) Pub Date : 2016-07-31
    Luca D'Alessio, Yariv Kafri, Anatoli Polkovnikov, Marcos Rigol

    This review gives a pedagogical introduction to the eigenstate thermalization hypothesis (ETH), its basis, and its implications to statistical mechanics and thermodynamics. In the first part, ETH is introduced as a natural extension of ideas from quantum chaos and random matrix theory (RMT). To this end, we present a brief overview of classical and quantum chaos, as well as RMT and some of its most

    更新日期:2016-07-31
  • Ultrafast optical spectroscopy of strongly correlated materials and high-temperature superconductors: a non-equilibrium approach
    Adv. Phys. (IF 16.375) Pub Date : 2016-07-21
    Claudio Giannetti, Massimo Capone, Daniele Fausti, Michele Fabrizio, Fulvio Parmigiani, Dragan Mihailovic

    In the last two decades non-equilibrium spectroscopies have evolved from avant-garde studies to crucial tools for expanding our understanding of the physics of strongly correlated materials. The possibility of obtaining simultaneously spectroscopic and temporal information has led to insights that are complementary to (and in several cases beyond) those attainable by studying the matter at equilibrium

    更新日期:2016-07-21
  • Statistical models for spatial patterns of heavy particles in turbulence
    Adv. Phys. (IF 16.375) Pub Date : 2016-05-04
    K. Gustavsson, B. Mehlig

    The dynamics of heavy particles suspended in turbulent flows is of fundamental importance for a wide range of questions in astrophysics, atmospheric physics, oceanography, and technology. Laboratory experiments and numerical simulations have demonstrated that heavy particles respond in intricate ways to turbulent fluctuations of the carrying fluid: non-interacting particles may cluster together and

    更新日期:2016-05-04
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