当前期刊: Nature Climate Change Go to current issue    加入关注   
显示样式:        排序: IF: - GO 导出
我的关注
我的收藏
您暂时未登录!
登录
  • Autumn greening in a warming climate
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-07-06
    Sujong Jeong

    Warming can change the vegetation growing season, but the response of autumn phenology to warming remains uncertain. Now research shows warming can lead to autumn greening by delaying leaf senescence, but carbon uptake is constrained by radiation.

    更新日期:2020-07-06
  • Light limitation regulates the response of autumn terrestrial carbon uptake to warming
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-07-06
    Yao Zhang; Róisín Commane; Sha Zhou; A. Park Williams; Pierre Gentine

    Global warming is projected to shift the phenology and increase the productivity of northern ecosystems1,2,3,4,5,6. Both changes will further feed back to climate through biophysical and biogeochemical processes and are critical for future prediction7,8. However, it remains unclear whether warming and the extended growing season, especially in autumn, would lead to increased net ecosystem carbon uptake9

    更新日期:2020-07-06
  • Leaf senescence exhibits stronger climatic responses during warm than during cold autumns
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-07-06
    Lei Chen; Heikki Hänninen; Sergio Rossi; Nicholas G. Smith; Stephanie Pau; Zhiyong Liu; Guanqiao Feng; Jie Gao; Jianquan Liu

    A warmer world could extend the growing seasons for plants. Changes in spring phenology have been studied, yet autumn phenology remains poorly understood. Using >500,000 phenological records of four temperate tree species between 1951 and 2013 in Europe, we show that leaf senescence in warm autumns exhibits stronger climate responses, with a higher phenological plasticity, than in cold autumns, indicating

    更新日期:2020-07-06
  • Public perceptions of carbon dioxide removal in the United States and the United Kingdom
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-07-06
    Emily Cox; Elspeth Spence; Nick Pidgeon

    Carbon dioxide removal (CDR) technologies may be needed to meet climate change targets. A full understanding of public attitudes towards such approaches is currently lacking. Here we report a mixed-methods study on public perceptions of CDR in the United States and the United Kingdom, focusing on bioenergy with carbon capture and storage, direct air capture and terrestrial enhanced rock weathering

    更新日期:2020-07-06
  • Human influence on joint changes in temperature, rainfall and continental aridity
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-07-06
    Céline J. W. Bonfils; Benjamin D. Santer; John C. Fyfe; Kate Marvel; Thomas J. Phillips; Susan R. H. Zimmerman

    Despite the pervasive impact of drought on human and natural systems, the large-scale mechanisms conducive to regional drying remain poorly understood. Here we use a multivariate approach1,2 to identify two distinct externally forced fingerprints from multiple ensembles of Earth system model simulations. The leading fingerprint, FM1(x), is characterized by global warming, intensified wet–dry patterns3

    更新日期:2020-07-06
  • Multi-hazard dependencies can increase or decrease risk
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-06-30
    John K. Hillier; Tom Matthews; Robert L. Wilby; Conor Murphy

    In risk analysis, it is recognized that hazards can often combine to worsen their joint impact, but impact data for a rail network show that hazards can also tend to be mutually exclusive at seasonal timescales. Ignoring this overestimates worst-case risk, so we therefore champion a broader view of risk from compound hazards.

    更新日期:2020-06-30
  • Moving beyond isolated events
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-06-30

    Research addressing compound and connected events, and their integrated risk to the natural and built world, is gaining momentum. Paradigms are now evolving to classify and analyse the processes forming such links — whether physical or societal, direct or indirect — and the role of climate change in their ultimate impacts.

    更新日期:2020-06-30
  • Increased impacts on US West Coast
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-06-29
    Hien X. Bui

    The Madden–Julian oscillation causes teleconnections that impact mid-latitudes. Now research predicts dramatic eastward shifts of these impacts in the Pacific–North America region as the climate warms, leading to higher winter rainfall variability along the US West Coast and California in particular.

    更新日期:2020-06-29
  • Learning from successes and failures
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-06-29
    Carola Klöck

    Pacific Islands are already responding to the adverse effects of climate change, but it is unclear to what extent these responses effectively and sustainably improve local resilience. New research seeks to understand how local beneficiaries evaluate adaptation projects and what this teaches us for future adaptation.

    更新日期:2020-06-29
  • Warming reaches the South Pole
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-06-29
    Sharon E. Stammerjohn; Ted A. Scambos

    Over the last half of the twentieth century, surface temperature over the South Pole was steady if not slightly cooling, suggesting the high Antarctic interior might be immune to warming. Research now shows a dramatic switch; in the past 30 years, the South Pole has been warming at over three times the global rate.

    更新日期:2020-06-29
  • Record warming at the South Pole during the past three decades
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-06-29
    Kyle R. Clem; Ryan L. Fogt; John Turner; Benjamin R. Lintner; Gareth J. Marshall; James R. Miller; James A. Renwick

    Over the last three decades, the South Pole has experienced a record-high statistically significant warming of 0.61 ± 0.34 °C per decade, more than three times the global average. Here, we use an ensemble of climate model experiments to show this recent warming lies within the upper bounds of the simulated range of natural variability. The warming resulted from a strong cyclonic anomaly in the Weddell

    更新日期:2020-06-29
  • An assessment of community-based adaptation initiatives in the Pacific Islands
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-06-29
    Karen E. McNamara; Rachel Clissold; Ross Westoby; Annah E. Piggott-McKellar; Roselyn Kumar; Tahlia Clarke; Frances Namoumou; Francis Areki; Eugene Joseph; Olivia Warrick; Patrick D. Nunn

    For the Pacific Islands, community-based adaptation activities are crucial, and yet it remains uncertain whether they are effectively promoting long-term adaptive capacity. Here we evaluate the performance of 32 community-based adaptation initiatives across 20 rural communities in the Pacific. We find that initiative appropriateness was a strength while sustainability was a consistent issue, locally

    更新日期:2020-06-29
  • Amplified Madden–Julian oscillation impacts in the Pacific–North America region
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-06-29
    Wenyu Zhou; Da Yang; Shang-Ping Xie; Jing Ma

    The Madden–Julian Oscillation (MJO) is a slow-moving tropical mode that produces a planetary-scale envelope of convective storms. By exciting Rossby waves, the MJO creates teleconnections with far-reaching impacts on extratropical circulation and weather. Although recent studies have investigated the response of the MJO to anthropogenic warming, not much is known about potential changes in its teleconnections

    更新日期:2020-06-29
  • Disproportionate increase in freshwater methane emissions induced by experimental warming
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-06-29
    Yizhu Zhu; Kevin J. Purdy; Özge Eyice; Lidong Shen; Sarah F. Harpenslager; Gabriel Yvon-Durocher; Alex J. Dumbrell; Mark Trimmer

    Net emissions of the potent GHG methane from ecosystems represent the balance between microbial methane production (methanogenesis) and oxidation (methanotrophy), each with different sensitivities to temperature. How this balance will be altered by long-term global warming, especially in freshwaters that are major methane sources, remains unknown. Here we show that the experimental warming of artificial

    更新日期:2020-06-29
  • Multiple drivers of the North Atlantic warming hole
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-06-29
    Paul Keil; Thorsten Mauritsen; Johann Jungclaus; Christopher Hedemann; Dirk Olonscheck; Rohit Ghosh

    Despite global warming, a region in the North Atlantic ocean has been observed to cool, a phenomenon known as the warming hole. Its emergence has been linked to a slowdown of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation, which leads to a reduced ocean heat transport into the warming hole region. Here we show that, in addition to the reduced low-latitude heat import, increased ocean heat transport

    更新日期:2020-06-29
  • The appropriate use of reference scenarios in mitigation analysis
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-06-29
    Neil Grant; Adam Hawkes; Tamaryn Napp; Ajay Gambhir

    Comparing emissions scenarios is an essential part of mitigation analysis, as climate targets can be met in various ways with different economic, energy system and co-benefit implications. Typically, a central ‘reference scenario’ acts as a point of comparison, and often this has been a no policy baseline with no explicit mitigative action taken. The use of such baselines is under increasing scrutiny

    更新日期:2020-06-29
  • Increased melting level height impacts surface precipitation phase and intensity
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-06-29
    Andreas F. Prein; Andrew J. Heymsfield

    The global near-surface temperature increased by ~0.155 K per decade during 1979–2012, which resulted in decreasing snow and increasing rain events, retreating mountain glaciers and more frequent and intense rainfall extremes. Although surface temperature increases are well studied, less attention is given to the associated changes in the tropospheric thermal structure, such as melting level height

    更新日期:2020-06-29
  • Publisher Correction: Insights from Earth system model initial-condition large ensembles and future prospects
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-06-26
    C. Deser; F. Lehner; K. B. Rodgers; T. Ault; T. L. Delworth; P. N. DiNezio; A. Fiore; C. Frankignoul; J. C. Fyfe; D. E. Horton; J. E. Kay; R. Knutti; N. S. Lovenduski; J. Marotzke; K. A. McKinnon; S. Minobe; J. Randerson; J. A. Screen; I. R. Simpson; M. Ting

    An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

    更新日期:2020-06-26
  • Publisher Correction: Projected shifts in the foraging habitat of crabeater seals along the Antarctic Peninsula
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-06-24
    Luis A. Hückstädt; Andrea Piñones; Daniel M. Palacios; Birgitte I. McDonald; Michael S. Dinniman; Eileen E. Hofmann; Jennifer M. Burns; Daniel E. Crocker; Daniel P. Costa

    An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

    更新日期:2020-06-24
  • Perception of climate migrants
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-06-22
    Robert McLeman

    Migrants arriving in cities must overcome many challenges, including gaining acceptance from established residents. New research from Kenya and Vietnam shows urbanites accept climate hazards as being as legitimate as economic, political or social motivations for rural-to-urban migration.

    更新日期:2020-06-23
  • Attitudes of urban residents towards environmental migration in Kenya and Vietnam
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-06-22
    Gabriele Spilker; Quynh Nguyen; Vally Koubi; Tobias Böhmelt

    The displacement of people is an important consequence of climate change, as people may choose or be forced to migrate in response to adverse climate conditions or sudden-onset extreme climate events. Existing studies show that there is a consistently higher social acceptance of migrants fleeing political persecution or war than of economic migrants. Here we examine whether individuals in Vietnam and

    更新日期:2020-06-23
  • Publisher Correction: Vegetation feedbacks during drought exacerbate ozone air pollution extremes in Europe
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-06-17
    Meiyun Lin; Larry W. Horowitz; Yuanyu Xie; Fabien Paulot; Sergey Malyshev; Elena Shevliakova; Angelo Finco; Giacomo Gerosa; Dagmar Kubistin; Kim Pilegaard

    An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

    更新日期:2020-06-17
  • Author Correction: Near-future carbon dioxide levels alter fish behaviour by interfering with neurotransmitter function
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-06-16
    Göran E. Nilsson; Danielle L. Dixson; Paolo Domenici; Mark I. McCormick; Christina Sørensen; Sue-Ann Watson; Philip L. Munday

    An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

    更新日期:2020-06-16
  • Understanding and managing connected extreme events
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-06-15
    Colin Raymond; Radley M. Horton; Jakob Zscheischler; Olivia Martius; Amir AghaKouchak; Jennifer Balch; Steven G. Bowen; Suzana J. Camargo; Jeremy Hess; Kai Kornhuber; Michael Oppenheimer; Alex C. Ruane; Thomas Wahl; Kathleen White

    Extreme weather and climate events and their impacts can occur in complex combinations, an interaction shaped by physical drivers and societal forces. In these situations, governance, markets and other decision-making structures—together with population exposure and vulnerability—create nonphysical interconnections among events by linking their impacts, to positive or negative effect. Various anthropogenic

    更新日期:2020-06-15
  • Sea-ice loss amplifies summertime decadal CO 2 increase in the western Arctic Ocean
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-06-15
    Zhangxian Ouyang; Di Qi; Liqi Chen; Taro Takahashi; Wenli Zhong; Michael D. DeGrandpre; Baoshan Chen; Zhongyong Gao; Shigeto Nishino; Akihiko Murata; Heng Sun; Lisa L. Robbins; Meibing Jin; Wei-Jun Cai

    Rapid climate warming and sea-ice loss have induced major changes in the sea surface partial pressure of CO2 (\(p_{{\mathrm {CO}}_2}\)). However, the long-term trends in the western Arctic Ocean are unknown. Here we show that in 1994–2017, summer \(p_{{\mathrm {CO}}_2}\) in the Canada Basin increased at twice the rate of atmospheric increase. Warming and ice loss in the basin have strengthened the

    更新日期:2020-06-15
  • Equity in allocating carbon dioxide removal quotas
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-06-08
    Carlos Pozo; Ángel Galán-Martín; David M. Reiner; Niall Mac Dowell; Gonzalo Guillén-Gosálbez

    The first nationally determined contributions to the Paris Agreement include no mention of the carbon dioxide removal (CDR) necessary to reach the Paris targets, leaving open the question of how and by whom CDR will be delivered. Drawing on existing equity frameworks, we allocate CDR quotas globally according to Responsibility, Capability and Equality principles. These quotas are then assessed in the

    更新日期:2020-06-08
  • Unexpected times
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-06-02

    The world has changed this year under the shadow of the COVID-19 pandemic. Lockdowns around the world have reduced energy demand, resulting in emissions declines, but what could the post-COVID-19 world look like — a return to normal, or will this start a transition?

    更新日期:2020-06-02
  • John T. Houghton
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-06-02
    Fred Taylor

    An Oxford atmospheric physicist and experimenter on early NASA weather satellites who revolutionized the field through leadership of the Appleton Laboratory, the Meteorological Office and the Science Board of the IPCC.

    更新日期:2020-06-02
  • Carbon intensity of global crude oil refining and mitigation potential
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-06-02
    Liang Jing; Hassan M. El-Houjeiri; Jean-Christophe Monfort; Adam R. Brandt; Mohammad S. Masnadi; Deborah Gordon; Joule A. Bergerson

    Changing market demand and increasing environmental regulations challenge the refining industry to shift crude slates and reconfigure production processes while reducing emissions. Yet sellers and buyers remain unaware of the carbon footprint of individual marketable networks, and each crude oil has different specifications and is processed in different destination markets. Here we show the global

    更新日期:2020-06-02
  • Plant hydraulics accentuates the effect of atmospheric moisture stress on transpiration
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-06-01
    Yanlan Liu; Mukesh Kumar; Gabriel G. Katul; Xue Feng; Alexandra G. Konings

    Transpiration, the dominant component of terrestrial evapotranspiration (ET), directly connects the water, energy and carbon cycles and is typically restricted by soil and atmospheric (for example, the vapour pressure deficit (VPD)) moisture stresses through plant hydraulic processes. These sources of stress are likely to diverge under climate change, with a globally enhanced VPD but more variable

    更新日期:2020-06-01
  • Acidification slows algal movement
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-06-01
    Jolanda M. H. Verspagen

    Ocean acidification is changing the productivity and composition of phytoplankton communities at the base of the aquatic food web. Now a study shows that acidification impairs the swimming ability of flagellated microalgae, suggesting that their capacity to survive is threatened in a high CO2 world.

    更新日期:2020-06-01
  • Sanitation and climate
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-06-01
    Matthew Reid

    International efforts to expand access to safely managed sanitation provide an opportunity to introduce new models for sanitation infrastructure with lower environmental impacts than existing systems. Now, measurements in Haiti show that composting of human waste reduces GHG emissions compared to existing methods.

    更新日期:2020-06-01
  • Decreased motility of flagellated microalgae long-term acclimated to CO 2 -induced acidified waters
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-06-01
    Yitao Wang; Xiao Fan; Guang Gao; John Beardall; Kazuo Inaba; Jason M. Hall-Spencer; Dong Xu; Xiaowen Zhang; Wentao Han; Andrew McMinn; Naihao Ye

    Motility plays a critical role in algal survival and reproduction, with implications for aquatic ecosystem stability. However, the effect of elevated CO2 on marine, brackish and freshwater algal motility is unclear. Here we show, using laboratory microscale and field mesoscale experiments, that three typical phytoplankton species had decreased motility with increased CO2. Polar marine Microglena sp

    更新日期:2020-06-01
  • Climate change mitigation potential in sanitation via off-site composting of human waste
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-06-01
    Gavin McNicol; Julie Jeliazovski; Junior Jules François; Sasha Kramer; Rebecca Ryals

    Approximately 4.5 billion people lack access to safely managed sanitation globally, and 1 billion live in slums, often relying on anaerobic waste containment in pit latrines. Providing access to safely managed sanitation may lead to reduced GHG emissions and thus simultaneously address both Sustainable Development Goals. Here we measure cumulative GHG emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4)

    更新日期:2020-06-01
  • Climate-resilient coasts require diverse defence solutions
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-06-01
    Rebecca L. Morris; Anthony Boxshall; Stephen E. Swearer

    Traditional coastal protection methods that rely on built, hard structures like seawalls may not be effective to keep pace with a changing climate. Nature-based coastal defences based on habitat restoration can be an adaptive coastal protection alternative.

    更新日期:2020-06-01
  • Ongoing AMOC and related sea-level and temperature changes after achieving the Paris targets
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-06-01
    Michael Sigmond; John C. Fyfe; Oleg A. Saenko; Neil C. Swart

    While the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) is expected to weaken under increasing GHGs, it is unclear how it would respond to stabilization of global warming of 1.5 or 2.0 °C, the Paris Agreement temperature targets, or 3.0 °C, the expected warming by 2100 under current emission reduction policies. On the basis of stabilized warming simulations with two Earth System Models, we find

    更新日期:2020-06-01
  • Adjust urban and rural road pricing for fair mobility
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-06-01
    Felix Creutzig; Aneeque Javaid; Nicolas Koch; Brigitte Knopf; Giulio Mattioli; Ottmar Edenhofer

    Synergistically addressing local and global environmental damages rather than optimizing a specific aspect of the policy conundrum helps to effectively foster climate action in road transport while maintaining public acceptance and socially fair outcomes.

    更新日期:2020-06-01
  • Author Correction: Nitrogen and phosphorus constrain the CO 2 fertilization of global plant biomass
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-05-26
    César Terrer; Robert B. Jackson; I. Colin Prentice; Trevor F. Keenan; Christina Kaiser; Sara Vicca; Joshua B. Fisher; Peter B. Reich; Benjamin D. Stocker; Bruce A. Hungate; Josep Peñuelas; Ian McCallum; Nadejda A. Soudzilovskaia; Lucas A. Cernusak; Alan F. Talhelm; Kevin Van Sundert; Shilong Piao; Paul C. D. Newton; Mark J. Hovenden; Dana M. Blumenthal; Yi Y. Liu; Christoph Müller; Klaus Winter; Christopher

    An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

    更新日期:2020-05-26
  • Climate-related financial disclosures in the public sector
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-05-25
    Ian Edwards; Kiri Yapp; Sam Mackay; Brendan Mackey

    Expectations for the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosure’s framework to drive climate action in the private sector are high, and there is growing interest in its relevance for guiding public sector climate action. However, consideration of the framework’s limitations is critical prior to public sector application.

    更新日期:2020-05-25
  • Climate velocity reveals increasing exposure of deep-ocean biodiversity to future warming
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-05-25
    Isaac Brito-Morales; David S. Schoeman; Jorge García Molinos; Michael T. Burrows; Carissa J. Klein; Nur Arafeh-Dalmau; Kristin Kaschner; Cristina Garilao; Kathleen Kesner-Reyes; Anthony J. Richardson

    Slower warming in the deep ocean encourages a perception that its biodiversity is less exposed to climate change than that of surface waters. We challenge this notion by analysing climate velocity, which provides expectations for species’ range shifts. We find that contemporary (1955–2005) climate velocities are faster in the deep ocean than at the surface. Moreover, projected climate velocities in

    更新日期:2020-05-25
  • The economic interaction between climate change mitigation, climate migration and poverty
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-05-25
    Jochem Marotzke; Dirk Semmann; Manfred Milinski

    Mitigation of anthropogenic climate change takes place against the backdrop of poor countries being most affected by climate change impacts; climate-induced migration is expected to increase in the future. However, the interaction between mitigation, climate migration and poverty has not been investigated explicitly. Here, we represent simultaneous poverty- and climate-induced migration in a laboratory

    更新日期:2020-05-25
  • Warming shrivels future snowstorms
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-05-25
    Martin A. Baxter

    The influence of the changing climate on individual snowstorms has been uncertain, in part due to the use of coarse model simulations. Now, research employing more detailed simulations finds fewer and smaller snowstorms as a result of warming, with a reduction in the amount and extent of extreme snowfall.

    更新日期:2020-05-25
  • Reduced frequency and size of late-twenty-first-century snowstorms over North America
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-05-25
    Walker S. Ashley; Alex M. Haberlie; Vittorio A. Gensini

    Understanding how snowstorms may change in the future is critical for estimating impacts on water resources and the Earth and socioeconomic systems that depend on them. Here we use snowstorms as a marker to assess the mesoscale fingerprint of climate change, providing a description of potential changes in winter weather event occurrence, character and variability in central and eastern North America

    更新日期:2020-05-25
  • Where mitigation and migration meet
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-05-25
    Reuben Kline

    Climate migration involves complex interactions of environmental, social, political and economic factors. New research suggests that although wealthy global citizens try to prevent climate migration, they are willing to shoulder a greater share of the climate mitigation burden when extreme climate events hit poor countries.

    更新日期:2020-05-25
  • Temporary reduction in daily global CO 2 emissions during the COVID-19 forced confinement
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-05-19
    Corinne Le Quéré; Robert B. Jackson; Matthew W. Jones; Adam J. P. Smith; Sam Abernethy; Robbie M. Andrew; Anthony J. De-Gol; David R. Willis; Yuli Shan; Josep G. Canadell; Pierre Friedlingstein; Felix Creutzig; Glen P. Peters

    Government policies during the COVID-19 pandemic have drastically altered patterns of energy demand around the world. Many international borders were closed and populations were confined to their homes, which reduced transport and changed consumption patterns. Here we compile government policies and activity data to estimate the decrease in CO2 emissions during forced confinements. Daily global CO2

    更新日期:2020-05-19
  • Present-day greenhouse gases could cause more frequent and longer Dust Bowl heatwaves
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-05-18
    Tim Cowan; Sabine Undorf; Gabriele C. Hegerl; Luke J. Harrington; Friederike E. L. Otto

    Substantial warming occurred across North America, Europe and the Arctic over the early twentieth century1, including an increase in global drought2, that was partially forced by rising greenhouse gases (GHGs)3. The period included the 1930s Dust Bowl drought4,5,6,7 across North America’s Great Plains that caused widespread crop failures4,8, large dust storms9 and considerable out-migration10. This

    更新日期:2020-05-18
  • Circumpolar projections of Antarctic krill growth potential
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-05-18
    Devi Veytia; Stuart Corney; Klaus M. Meiners; So Kawaguchi; Eugene J. Murphy; Sophie Bestley

    Antarctic krill is a key species of important Southern Ocean food webs, yet how changes in ocean temperature and primary production may impact their habitat quality remains poorly understood. We provide a circumpolar assessment of the robustness of krill growth habitat to climate change by coupling an empirical krill growth model with projections from a weighted subset of IPCC Earth system models.

    更新日期:2020-05-18
  • Reduced efficiency of the Barents Sea cooling machine
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-05-18
    Øystein Skagseth; Tor Eldevik; Marius Årthun; Helene Asbjørnsen; Vidar S. Lien; Lars H. Smedsrud

    Dense water masses from the Barents Sea are an important part of the Arctic thermohaline system. Here, using hydrographic observations from 1971 to 2018, we show that the Barents Sea climate system has reached a point where ‘the Barents Sea cooling machine’—warmer Atlantic inflow, less sea ice, more regional ocean heat loss—has changed towards less-efficient cooling. Present change is dominated by

    更新日期:2020-05-18
  • Compound climate risks in the COVID-19 pandemic
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-05-15
    Carly A. Phillips; Astrid Caldas; Rachel Cleetus; Kristina A. Dahl; Juan Declet-Barreto; Rachel Licker; L. Delta Merner; J. Pablo Ortiz-Partida; Alexandra L. Phelan; Erika Spanger-Siegfried; Shuchi Talati; Christopher H. Trisos; Colin J. Carlson

    The COVID-19 pandemic will be an unprecedented test of governments’ ability to manage compound risks, as climate hazards disrupt outbreak response around the world. Immediate steps can be taken to minimize climate-attributable loss of life, but climate adaptation also needs a long-term strategy for pandemic preparedness.

    更新日期:2020-05-15
  • Publisher Correction: Reduced European aerosol emissions suppress winter extremes over northern Eurasia
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-05-13
    Yuan Wang; Tianhao Le; Gang Chen; Yuk L. Yung; Hui Su; John H. Seinfeld; Jonathan H. Jiang

    An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

    更新日期:2020-05-13
  • Increasing contribution of peatlands to boreal evapotranspiration in a warming climate
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-05-11
    Manuel Helbig; James Michael Waddington; Pavel Alekseychik; Brian D. Amiro; Mika Aurela; Alan G. Barr; T. Andrew Black; Peter D. Blanken; Sean K. Carey; Jiquan Chen; Jinshu Chi; Ankur R. Desai; Allison Dunn; Eugenie S. Euskirchen; Lawrence B. Flanagan; Inke Forbrich; Thomas Friborg; Achim Grelle; Silvie Harder; Michal Heliasz; Elyn R. Humphreys; Hiroki Ikawa; Pierre-Erik Isabelle; Hiroki Iwata; Rachhpal

    The response of evapotranspiration (ET) to warming is of critical importance to the water and carbon cycle of the boreal biome, a mosaic of land cover types dominated by forests and peatlands. The effect of warming-induced vapour pressure deficit (VPD) increases on boreal ET remains poorly understood because peatlands are not specifically represented as plant functional types in Earth system models

    更新日期:2020-05-11
  • The proportion of soil-borne pathogens increases with warming at the global scale
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-05-11
    Manuel Delgado-Baquerizo; Carlos A. Guerra; Concha Cano-Díaz; Eleonora Egidi; Jun-Tao Wang; Nico Eisenhauer; Brajesh K. Singh; Fernando T. Maestre

    Understanding the present and future distribution of soil-borne plant pathogens is critical to supporting food and fibre production in a warmer world. Using data from a global field survey and a nine-year field experiment, we show that warmer temperatures increase the relative abundance of soil-borne potential fungal plant pathogens. Moreover, we provide a global atlas of these organisms along with

    更新日期:2020-05-11
  • Remote sensing northern lake methane ebullition
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-05-11
    M. Engram; K. M. Walter Anthony; T. Sachs; K. Kohnert; A. Serafimovich; G. Grosse; F. J. Meyer

    Northern lakes are considered a major source of atmospheric methane (CH4), a potent GHG1,2. However, large uncertainties in their emissions (7–26 Tg CH4 yr–1; ref. 2) arise from challenges in upscaling field data, including fluxes by ebullition (bubbling), the dominant emission pathway2. Remote sensing of ebullition would allow detailed mapping of regional emissions but has hitherto not been developed

    更新日期:2020-05-11
  • Coldest Canadian Arctic communities face greatest reductions in shorefast sea ice
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-05-04
    Sarah W. Cooley; Jonathan C. Ryan; Laurence C. Smith; Chris Horvat; Brodie Pearson; Brigt Dale; Amanda H. Lynch

    Shorefast sea ice comprises only about 12% of global sea-ice cover, yet it has outsized importance for Arctic societies and ecosystems. Relatively little is known, however, about the dominant drivers of its breakup or how it will respond to climate warming. Here, we use 19 years of near-daily satellite imagery to document the timing of shorefast ice breakup in 28 communities in northern Canada and

    更新日期:2020-05-04
  • Shifting habitats
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-04-30

    Climate change is altering environmental niches, causing species to shift their habitat range as they track their ecological niche. These shifts allow species to persist but may disadvantage existing species in these areas; understanding the positives and negatives is needed to ensure effective management for biodiversity.

    更新日期:2020-04-30
  • Climate-tracking species are not invasive
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-04-30
    Mark C. Urban

    Applying an invasive framework to native species that are shifting their ranges in response to climate change adopts an adversarial, local and static paradigm that is often at odds with protecting global biodiversity.

    更新日期:2020-04-30
  • Disconnects between ecological theory and data in phenological mismatch research
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-04-30
    Heather M. Kharouba; Elizabeth M. Wolkovich

    Climate change may lead to phenological mismatches, where the timing of critical events between interacting species becomes desynchronized, with potential negative consequences. Evidence documenting negative impacts on fitness is mixed. The Cushing match-mismatch hypothesis, the most common hypothesis underlying these studies, offers testable assumptions and predictions to determine consequences of

    更新日期:2020-04-30
  • Adjusting the lens of invasion biology to focus on the impacts of climate-driven range shifts
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-04-30
    Piper D. Wallingford; Toni Lyn Morelli; Jenica M. Allen; Evelyn M. Beaury; Dana M. Blumenthal; Bethany A. Bradley; Jeffrey S. Dukes; Regan Early; Emily J. Fusco; Deborah E. Goldberg; Inés Ibáñez; Brittany B. Laginhas; Montserrat Vilà; Cascade J. B. Sorte

    As Earth’s climate rapidly changes, species range shifts are considered key to species persistence. However, some range-shifting species will alter community structure and ecosystem processes. By adapting existing invasion risk assessment frameworks, we can identify characteristics shared with high-impact introductions and thus predict potential impacts. There are fundamental differences between introduced

    更新日期:2020-04-30
  • Climate shifts for krill predators
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-04-27
    Jessica Melbourne-Thomas

    Antarctic krill play a key role in Southern Ocean food webs but are vulnerable to climate change, with habitat shifts predicted in response. Now, a study of climate change impacts on a krill-specialist predator — the crabeater seal — suggests that this abundant marine mammal may be forced southwards with its prey.

    更新日期:2020-04-27
  • Diminishing CO 2 -driven gains in water-use efficiency of global forests
    Nat. Clim. Change (IF 20.893) Pub Date : 2020-04-27
    Mark A. Adams; Thomas N. Buckley; Tarryn L. Turnbull

    There is broad consensus that, via changes in stomatal conductance, plants moderate the exchanges of water and carbon between the biosphere and atmosphere, playing a major role in global hydroclimate. Tree rings record atmospheric CO2 concentration (ca) and its isotopic composition (13C/12C)—mediated by stomatal and photosynthetic influences—that can be expressed in terms of intrinsic water-use efficiency

    更新日期:2020-04-27
Contents have been reproduced by permission of the publishers.
导出
全部期刊列表>>
材料学研究精选
Springer Nature Live 产业与创新线上学术论坛
胸腔和胸部成像专题
自然科研论文编辑服务
ACS ES&T Engineering
ACS ES&T Water
屿渡论文,编辑服务
杨超勇
周一歌
华东师范大学
段炼
清华大学
中科大
唐勇
跟Nature、Science文章学绘图
隐藏1h前已浏览文章
中洪博元
课题组网站
新版X-MOL期刊搜索和高级搜索功能介绍
ACS材料视界
x-mol收录
福州大学
南京大学
王杰
左智伟
电子显微学
何凤
洛杉矶分校
吴杰
赵延川
试剂库存
天合科研
down
wechat
bug