• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-26
Trenton Schulz; Kristin Skeide Fuglerud

Personas can help raise awareness among stakeholders about users' needs. While personas are made-up people, they are based on facts gathered from user research. Personas can also be used to raise awareness of universal design and accessibility needs of people with disabilities. We review the current state of the art of the personas and review some research and industry projects that use them. We outline

更新日期：2020-03-28
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-26
Fanta Camara; Nicola Bellotto; Serhan Cosar; Florian Weber; Dimitris Nathanael; Matthias Althoff; Jingyuan Wu; Johannes Ruenz; André Dietrich; Gustav Markkula; Anna Schieben; Fabio Tango; Natasha Merat; Charles W. Fox

Autonomous vehicles (AVs) must share space with human pedestrians, both in on-road cases such as cars at pedestrian crossings and off-road cases such as delivery vehicles navigating through crowds on high-streets. Unlike static and kinematic obstacles, pedestrians are active agents with complex, interactive motions. Planning AV actions in the presence of pedestrians thus requires modelling of their

更新日期：2020-03-28
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-24
Wei Ye; Dominik Mautz; Christian Boehm; Ambuj Singh; Claudia Plant

Graph clustering has been studied extensively on both plain graphs and attributed graphs. However, all these methods need to partition the whole graph to find cluster structures. Sometimes, based on domain knowledge, people may have information about a specific target region in the graph and only want to find a single cluster concentrated on this local region. Such a task is called local clustering

更新日期：2020-03-27
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-25
Christopher Starke; Marco Luenich

A lack of political legitimacy undermines the ability of the European Union to resolve major crises and threatens the stability of the system as a whole. By integrating digital data into political processes, the EU seeks to base decision-making increasingly on sound empirical evidence. In particular, artificial intelligence systems have the potential to increase political legitimacy by identifying

更新日期：2020-03-26
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-25
Trenton Schulz; Jo Herstad; Harald Holone

The elderly in the future will use smart house technology, sensors, and robots to stay at home longer. Privacy at home for these elderly is important. In this exploratory paper, we examine different understandings of privacy and use Palen and Dourish's framework to look at the negotiation of privacy along boundaries between a human at home, the robot, and its sensors. We select three dilemmas: turning

更新日期：2020-03-26
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-25
Trenton Schulz; Patrick Holthaus; Farshid Amirabdollahian; Kheng Lee Koay; Jim Torresen; Jo Herstad

We investigated how a robot moving with different velocity profiles affects a person's perception of it when working together on a task. The two profiles are the common linear profile and a profile based on the animation principles of slow in, slow out. The investigation was accomplished by running an experiment in a home context where people and the robot cooperated on a clean-up task. We used the

更新日期：2020-03-26
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-13
Shihao Xu; Jing Fang; Xiping Hu; Edith Ngai; Yi Guo; Victor C. M. Leung; Jun Cheng; Bin Hu

Human gait refers to a daily motion that represents not only mobility, but it can also be used to identify the walker by either human observers or computers. Recent studies reveal that gait even conveys information about the walker's emotion. Individuals in different emotion states may show different gait patterns. The mapping between various emotions and gait patterns provides a new source for automated

更新日期：2020-03-26
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-14
Mojtaba Noghabaei; Kevin Han

Unmanaged hazards in dangerous construction environments proved to be one of the main sources of injuries and accidents. Hazard recognition is crucial to achieve effective safety management and reduce injuries and fatalities in hazardous job sites. Still, there has been lack of effort that can efficiently assist workers in improving their hazard recognition skills. This study presents virtual safety

更新日期：2020-03-24
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-21
Samuel Gomes; Tomás Alves; João Dias; Carlos Martinho

Recent research has taken particular interest in observing the dynamics between altruistic and individual behavior. This is a commonly approached problem when reasoning about social dilemmas, which have a plethora of real world counterparts in the fields of education, health and economics. Weighing how incentives influence in-game behavior, our study examines individual and altruistic interactions

更新日期：2020-03-24
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-21
Hang Li; Wenbiao Ding; Songfan Yang; Zitao Liu

With the rapid emergence of K-12 online learning platforms, a new era of education has been opened up. By offering more affordable and personalized courses compared to in-person classrooms, K-12 online tutoring is pushing the boundaries of education to the general public. It is crucial to have a dropout warning framework to preemptively identify K-12 students who are at risk of dropping out of the

更新日期：2020-03-24
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-21
Moeness G. Amin; Arun Ravisankar; Ronny G. Guendel

Radar for indoor monitoring is an emerging area of research and development, covering and supporting different health and wellbeing applications of smart homes, assisted living, and medical diagnosis. We report on a successful RF sensing system for home monitoring applications. The system recognizes Activities of Daily Living(ADL) and detects unique motion characteristics, using data processing and

更新日期：2020-03-24
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-22
Suresh Kumaar Jayaraman; Dawn M. Tilbury; X. Jessie Yang; Anuj K. Pradhan; Lionel P. Robert Jr

For safe navigation around pedestrians, automated vehicles (AVs) need to plan their motion by accurately predicting pedestrians trajectories over long time horizons. Current approaches to AV motion planning around crosswalks predict only for short time horizons (1-2 s) and are based on data from pedestrian interactions with human-driven vehicles (HDVs). In this paper, we develop a hybrid systems model

更新日期：2020-03-24
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-23
Yuan Lu; Qiang Tang; Guiling Wang

With the rapid popularity of blockchain, decentralized human intelligence tasks (HITs) are proposed to crowdsource human knowledge without relying on vulnerable third-party platforms. However, the inherent limits of blockchain cause decentralized HITs to face a few "new" challenges. For example, the confidentiality of solicited data turns out to be the sine qua non, though it was an arguably dispensable

更新日期：2020-03-24
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-22
Suresh Kumaar Jayaraman; Lionel P. Robert Jr.; Xi Jessie Yang; Anuj K. Pradhan; Dawn M. Tilbury

For automated vehicles (AVs) to reliably navigate through crosswalks, they need to understand pedestrians crossing behaviors. Simple and reliable pedestrian behavior models aid in real-time AV control by allowing the AVs to predict future pedestrian behaviors. In this paper, we present a Behavior aware Model Predictive Controller (B-MPC) for AVs that incorporates long-term predictions of pedestrian

更新日期：2020-03-24
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-23

Artificial Intelligence (AI) in healthcare holds great potential to expand access to high-quality medical care, whilst reducing overall systemic costs. Despite hitting the headlines regularly and many publications of proofs-of-concept, certified products are failing to breakthrough to the clinic. AI in healthcare is a multi-party process with deep knowledge required in multiple individual domains.

更新日期：2020-03-24
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-23
Chris J. Michael; Dina Acklin; Jaelle Scheuerman

In order to increase productivity, capability, and data exploitation, numerous defense applications are experiencing an integration of state-of-the-art machine learning and AI into their architectures. Especially for defense applications, having a human analyst in the loop is of high interest due to quality control, accountability, and complex subject matter expertise not readily automated or replicated

更新日期：2020-03-24
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2018-12-18

For technology (like serious games) that aims to deliver interactive learning, it is important to address relevant mental experiences such as reflective thinking during problem solving. To facilitate research in this direction, we present the weDraw-1 Movement Dataset of body movement sensor data and reflective thinking labels for 26 children solving mathematical problems in unconstrained settings

更新日期：2020-03-24
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2019-05-25
Ziang Xiao; Michelle X. Zhou; Q. Vera Liao; Gloria Mark; Changyan Chi; Wenxi Chen; Huahai Yang

The rise of increasingly more powerful chatbots offers a new way to collect information through conversational surveys, where a chatbot asks open-ended questions, interprets a user's free-text responses, and probes answers whenever needed. To investigate the effectiveness and limitations of such a chatbot in conducting surveys, we conducted a field study involving about 600 participants. In this study

更新日期：2020-03-24
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2019-06-20
Gilie Gefen; Omer Ben-Porat; Moshe Tennenholtz; Elad Yom-Tov

People increasingly turn to the Internet when they have a medical condition. The data they create during this process is a valuable source for medical research and for future health services. However, utilizing these data could come at a cost to user privacy. Thus, it is important to balance the perceived value that users assign to these data with the value of the services derived from them. Here we

更新日期：2020-03-24
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2019-11-17
Sina Masnadi; Joseph J. LaViola Jr.; Xiaofan Zhu; Karthik Desingh; Odest Chadwicke Jenkins

In this paper, we present an easy to use sketch-based interface to extract geometries and generate affordance files from 3D point clouds for robot-object interaction tasks. Using our system, even novice users can perform robot task planning by employing such sketch tools. Our focus in this paper is employing human-in-the-loop approach to assist in the generation of more accurate affordance templates

更新日期：2020-03-24
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2019-07-13
Yu Gu; Xiang Zhang; Zhi Liu; Fuji Ren

The ever evolving informatics technology has gradually bounded human and computer in a compact way. Understanding user behavior becomes a key enabler in many fields such as sedentary-related healthcare, human-computer interaction (HCI) and affective computing. Traditional sensor-based and vision-based user behavior analysis approaches are obtrusive in general, hindering their usage in realworld. Therefore

更新日期：2020-03-24
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-02
Pavel Chebotarev; Dmitry Gubanov

We propose a new method to select the most appropriate network centrality measure based on the user's opinion on how such a measure should work on a set of simple graphs. The method consists in: (1) forming a set $\cal F$ of candidate measures; (2) generating a sequence of sufficiently simple graphs that distinguish all measures in $\cal F$ on some pairs of nodes; (3) compiling a survey with questions

更新日期：2020-03-24
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-18
Abhishek Jana; Md Kamruzzaman Sarker; Monireh Ebrahimi; Pascal Hitzler; George T Amariucai

Powered by new advances in sensor development and artificial intelligence, the decreasing cost of computation, and the pervasiveness of handheld computation devices, biometric user authentication (and identification) is rapidly becoming ubiquitous. Modern approaches to biometric authentication, based on sophisticated machine learning techniques, cannot avoid storing either trained-classifier details

更新日期：2020-03-20
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-18
Karel Mundnich; Brandon M. Booth; Michelle L'Hommedieu; Tiantian Feng; Benjamin Girault; Justin L'Hommedieu; Mackenzie Wildman; Sophia Skaaden; Amrutha Nadarajan; Jennifer L. Villatte; Tiago H. Falk; Kristina Lerman; Emilio Ferrara; Shrikanth Narayanan

We present a novel longitudinal multimodal corpus of physiological and behavioral data collected from direct clinical providers in a hospital workplace. We designed the study to investigate the use of off-the-shelf wearable and environmental sensors to understand individual-specific constructs such as job performance, interpersonal interaction, and well-being of hospital workers over time in their

更新日期：2020-03-20
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-18
Kaan Akşit; Jan Kautz; David Luebke

We introduce a new gaze tracker for Head Mounted Displays (HMDs). We modify two off-the-shelf HMDs to be gaze-aware using Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs). Our key contribution is to exploit the sensing capability of LEDs to create low-power gaze tracker for virtual reality (VR) applications. This yields a simple approach using minimal hardware to achieve good accuracy and low latency using light-weight

更新日期：2020-03-20
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-19
Nikita Samarin; Alisa Frik; Sean Brooks; Coye Cheshire; Serge Egelman

Compared to other organizations, civil society organizations (CSOs) often operate in elevated-risk contexts, and attacks against them carry much greater ramifications, including threats to freedom of expression, liberty, and life. We aim to capture the factors that affect the attitudes and intentions of CSO employees to engage in security and privacy behaviors by using a survey-based study to collect

更新日期：2020-03-20
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-04
Al Amin Hosain; Panneer Selvam Santhalingam; Parth Pathak; Huzefa Rangwala; Jana Kosecka

American Sign Language recognition is a difficult gesture recognition problem, characterized by fast, highly articulate gestures. These are comprised of arm movements with different hand shapes, facial expression and head movements. Among these components, hand shape is the vital, often the most discriminative part of a gesture. In this work, we present an approach for effective learning of hand shape

更新日期：2020-03-20
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-18
Zhengyang Wu; Srivignesh Rajendran; Tarrence van As; Joelle Zimmermann; Vijay Badrinarayanan; Andrew Rabinovich

With the emergence of Virtual and Mixed Reality (XR) devices, eye tracking has received significant attention in the computer vision community. Eye gaze estimation is a crucial component in XR -- enabling energy efficient rendering, multi-focal displays, and effective interaction with content. In head-mounted XR devices, the eyes are imaged off-axis to avoid blocking the field of view. This leads to

更新日期：2020-03-20
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2019-04-26
Jorgen F. Erichsen; Heikki Sjöman; Martin Steinert; Torgeir Welo

Aiming to help researchers capture output from the early stages of engineering design projects, this article presents a new research tool for digitally capturing physical prototypes. The motivation for this work is to collect observations that can aid in understanding prototyping in the early stages of engineering design projects, and this article investigates if and how digital capture of physical

更新日期：2020-03-20
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-18
Yuan Shen; Shanduojiao Jiang; Muhammad Rizky Wellyanto; Ranjitha Kumar

When people talk about fashion, they care about the underlying meaning of fashion concepts,e.g., style.For example, people ask questions like what features make this dress smart.However, the product descriptions in today fashion websites are full of domain specific and low level words. It is not clear to people how exactly those low level descriptions can contribute to a style or any high level fashion

更新日期：2020-03-19
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-17
David Holtz; Benjamin Carterette; Praveen Chandar; Zahra Nazari; Henriette Cramer; Sinan Aral

It remains unknown whether personalized recommendations increase or decrease the diversity of content people consume. We present results from a randomized field experiment on Spotify testing the effect of personalized recommendations on consumption diversity. In the experiment, both control and treatment users were given podcast recommendations, with the sole aim of increasing podcast consumption.

更新日期：2020-03-19
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2019-05-16

Software repositories contain a plethora of useful information that can be used to enhance software projects. Prior work has leveraged repository data to improve many aspects of the software development process, such as, help extract requirement decisions, identify potentially defective code and improve maintenance and evolution. However, in many cases, practitioners are not able to fully benefit from

更新日期：2020-03-19
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-16
Vivian Lai; Samuel Carton; Chenhao Tan

Machine learning models are increasingly integrated into societally critical applications such as recidivism prediction and medical diagnosis, thanks to their superior predictive power. In these applications, however, full automation is often not desired due to ethical and legal concerns. The research community has thus ventured into developing interpretable methods that explain machine predictions

更新日期：2020-03-18
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-17
Mohammad Arif Ul Alam; Nirmalya Roy; Sarah Holmes; Aryya Gangopadhyay; Elizabeth Galik

Cognitive impairment has become epidemic in older adult population. The recent advent of tiny wearable and ambient devices, a.k.a Internet of Things (IoT) provides ample platforms for continuous functional and cognitive health assessment of older adults. In this paper, we design, implement and evaluate AutoCogniSys, a context-aware automated cognitive health assessment system, combining the sensing

更新日期：2020-03-18
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-16
Halgurd S. Maghdid; Kayhan Zrar Ghafoor; Ali Safaa Sadiq; Kevin Curran; Khaled Rabie

Coronaviruses are a famous family of viruses that causes illness in human or animals. The new type of corona virus COVID-19 disease was firstly discovered in Wuhan-China. However, recently, the virus has been widely spread in most of the world countries and is reported as a pandemic. Further, nowadays, all the world countries are striving to control the coronavirus disease COVID-19. There are many

更新日期：2020-03-18
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-17
Lena Clever; Dennis Assenmacher; Kilian Müller; Moritz Vinzent Seiler; Dennis M. Riehle; Mike Preuss; Christian Grimme

Nowadays fake news are heavily discussed in public and political debates. Even though the phenomenon of intended false information is rather old, misinformation reaches a new level with the rise of the internet and participatory platforms. Due to Facebook and Co., purposeful false information - often called fake news - can be easily spread by everyone. Because of a high data volatility and variety

更新日期：2020-03-18
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-17
Stephan Wiefling; Luigi Lo Iacono; Markus Dürmuth

Risk-based authentication (RBA) is an adaptive security measure to strengthen password-based authentication. RBA monitors additional implicit features during password entry such as device or geolocation information, and requests additional authentication factors if a certain risk level is detected. RBA is recommended by the NIST digital identity guidelines, is used by several large online services

更新日期：2020-03-18
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2018-09-26
Bing Zhai; Stuart Nicholson; Kyle Montague; Yu Guan; Patrick Olivier; Jason Ellis

Sleep deprivation is a public health issue. Awareness of sleep deprivation has not been widely investigated in workplace-based wellness programmes. This study adopted a three-stage design process with nine participants from a local manufacturing company to help raise awareness of sleep deprivation. The common causes of sleep deprivation were identified through the deployment of technology probes and

更新日期：2020-03-18
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2018-12-11
Steven Jeuris

Terms like 'misinformation', 'fake news', and 'echo chambers' permeate current discussions on the state of the Internet. We believe a lack of technological support to evaluate, contest, and reason about information online---as opposed to merely disseminating it---lies at the root of these problems. Several argument technologies support such functionality, but have seen limited use outside of niche

更新日期：2020-03-18
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2019-06-27
Alfonso Balandra; Shoichi Hasegawa

We want to understand the human capabilities to perceive amplitude similarities between a haptic and an audio signal. So, four psychophysical experiments were performed. Three of them measured the asynchrony JND (Just Noticeable Difference) at the signals' attack, release and decay, while the forth experiment measured the amplitude decrease on the middle of the signal. All the experiments used a combination

更新日期：2020-03-18
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2019-11-21
Guang Jiang; Mengzhen Shi; Ying Su; Pengcheng An; Yunlong Wang; Brian Y. Lim

Addressing students by their names helps a teacher to start building rapport with students and thus facilitates their classroom participation. However, this basic yet effective skill has become rather challenging for university lecturers, who have to handle large-sized (sometimes exceeding 100) groups in their daily teaching. To enhance lecturers' competence in delivering interpersonal interaction

更新日期：2020-03-18
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-12
Francisco J. Chiyah Garcia; José Lopes; Xingkun Liu; Helen Hastie

Large corpora of task-based and open-domain conversational dialogues are hugely valuable in the field of data-driven dialogue systems. Crowdsourcing platforms, such as Amazon Mechanical Turk, have been an effective method for collecting such large amounts of data. However, difficulties arise when task-based dialogues require expert domain knowledge or rapid access to domain-relevant information, such

更新日期：2020-03-16
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-13
Sarah Theres Völkel; Ramona Schödel; Daniel Buschek; Clemens Stachl; Verena Winterhalter; Markus Bühner; Heinrich Hussmann

We present the first systematic analysis of personality dimensions developed specifically to describe the personality of speech-based conversational agents. Following the psycholexical approach from psychology, we first report on a new multi-method approach to collect potentially descriptive adjectives from 1) a free description task in an online survey (228 unique descriptors), 2) an interaction task

更新日期：2020-03-16
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-13
Andreas Komninos; Emma Nicol; Mark Dunlop

During lab studies of text entry methods it is typical to observer very few errors in participants' typing - users tend to type very carefully in labs. This is a problem when investigating methods to support error awareness or correction as support mechanisms are not tested. We designed a novel evaluation method based around injection of errors into the users' typing stream and report two user studies

更新日期：2020-03-16
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-13
Andreas Komninos; Kyriakos Katsaris; Emma Nicol; Mark Dunlop; John Garofalakis

Text entry in smartphones remains a critical element of mobile HCI. It has been widely studied in lab settings, using primarily transcription tasks, and to a far lesser extent through in-the-wild (field) experiments. So far it remains unknown how well user behaviour during lab transcription tasks approximates real use. In this paper, we present a study that provides evidence that lab text entry behaviour

更新日期：2020-03-16
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2019-01-07
Mansoor Ahmed-Rengers; Ilia Shumailov; Ross Anderson

The first six months of 2018 saw cryptocurrency thefts of \$761 million, and the technology is also the latest and greatest tool for money laundering. This increase in crime has caused both researchers and law enforcement to look for ways to trace criminal proceeds. Although tracing algorithms have improved recently, they still yield an enormous amount of data of which very few datapoints are relevant

更新日期：2020-03-16
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-10
Philip Kortum; Michael D. Byrne; Julie Whitmore

The question of whether or not voters actually verify ballots produced by ballot marking devices (BMDs) is presently the subject of some controversy. Recent studies (e.g., Bernhard, et al. 2020) suggest the verification rate is low. What is not clear from previous research is whether this is more a result of voters being unable to do so accurately or whether this is because voters simply choose not

更新日期：2020-03-12
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-10
Max Van Kleek

It's the year 2020, and every space and place on- and off-line has been augmented with digital things that observe, record, transmit, and compute, for the purposes of recording endless data traces of what is happening in the world. Individually, these things (and the invisible services the power them) have reached considerable sophistication in their ability to analyse and dissect such observations

更新日期：2020-03-12
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-11
Xiaoyu Zhang; Senthil Chandrasegaran; Kwan-Liu Ma

Current text visualization techniques typically provide overviews of document content and structure using intrinsic properties such as term frequencies, term co-occurrences, and sentence structures. However, these visualization techniques do not provide conceptual overviews that consider domain-relevant knowledge that is needed when examining documents such as research articles, technical panels, or

更新日期：2020-03-12
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-11
Shuang Li; Jiaxi Jiang; Philipp Ruppel; Hongzhuo Liang; Xiaojian Ma; Norman Hendrich; Fuchun Sun; Jianwei Zhang

In this paper, we present a multimodal mobile teleoperation system that consists of a novel vision-based hand pose regression network (Transteleop) and an IMU-based arm tracking method. Transteleop observes the human hand through a low-cost depth camera and generates not only joint angles but also depth images of paired robot hand poses through an image-to-image translation process. A keypoint-based

更新日期：2020-03-12
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-11
Christian Meske; Konstantin Wilms; Stefan Stieglitz

In this study, we first show that while both the perceived usefulness and perceived enjoyment of enterprise social networks impact employees' intentions for continuous participation, the utilitarian value significantly outpaces its hedonic value. Second, we prove that the network's utilitarian value is constituted by its digital infrastructure characteristics: versatility, adaptability, interconnectedness

更新日期：2020-03-12
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-11
Christian Meske; Ireti Amojo

Under certain circumstances, humans tend to behave in irrational ways, leading to situations in which they make undesirable choices. The concept of digital nudging addresses these limitations of bounded rationality by establishing a libertarian paternalist alternative to nudge users in virtual environments towards their own preferential choices. Thereby, choice architectures are designed to address

更新日期：2020-03-12
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-11
Sebastian Wallkotter; Silvia Tulli; Ginevra Castellano; Ana Paiva; Mohamed Chetouani

How to provide explanations has experienced a surge of interest in Human-Robot Interaction (HRI) over the last three years. In HRI this is known as explainability, expressivity, transparency or sometimes legibility, and the challenge for embodied agents is that they offer a unique array of modalities to communicate this information thanks to their embodiment. Responding to this surge of interest, we

更新日期：2020-03-12
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-02-29
Chaehan So

Demands on more transparency of the backbox nature of machine learning models have led to the recent rise of human-in-the-loop in machine learning, i.e. processes that integrate humans in the training and application of machine learning models. The present work argues that this process requirement does not represent an obstacle but an opportunity to optimize the design process. Hence, this work proposes

更新日期：2020-03-12
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-06
Julian Frommel; Valentin Sagl; Ansgar E. Depping; Colby Johanson; Matthew K. Miller; Regan L. Mandryk

Online social interactions in multiplayer games can be supportive and positive or toxic and harmful; however, few methods can easily assess interpersonal interaction quality in games. We use behavioural traces to predict affiliation between dyadic strangers, facilitated through their social interactions in an online gaming setting. We collected audio, video, in-game, and self-report data from 23 dyads

更新日期：2020-03-10
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-07
Lingfeng Tao; Michael Bowman; Xu Zhou; Xiaoli Zhang

Increasing the autonomy level of a robot hand to accomplish remote object manipulation tasks faster and easier is a new and promising topic in teleoperation. Such semi-autonomous telemanipulation, however, is very challenging due to the physical discrepancy between the human hand and the robot hand, along with the fine motion constraints required for the manipulation task. To overcome these challenges

更新日期：2020-03-10
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-07
Devansh Saxena; Karla Badillo-Urquiola; Pamela J. Wisniewski; Shion Guha

The U.S. Child Welfare System (CWS) is charged with improving outcomes for foster youth; yet, they are overburdened and underfunded. To overcome this limitation, several states have turned towards algorithmic decision-making systems to reduce costs and determine better processes for improving CWS outcomes. Using a human-centered algorithmic design approach, we synthesize 50 peer-reviewed publications

更新日期：2020-03-10
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-07
Radek Ošlejšek; Vít Rusňák; Karolína Burská; Valdemar Švábenský; Jan Vykopal; Jakub Čegan

Hands-on training is an effective way to practice theoretical cybersecurity concepts and increase participants' skills. In this paper, we discuss the application of visual analytics principles to the design, execution, and evaluation of training sessions. We propose a conceptual model employing visual analytics that supports the sensemaking activities of users involved in various phases of the training

更新日期：2020-03-10
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-07
Nabiha Asghar; Ivan Kobyzev; Jesse Hoey; Pascal Poupart; Muhammad Bilal Sheikh

State-of-the-art neural dialogue systems excel at syntactic and semantic modelling of language, but often have a hard time establishing emotional alignment with the human interactant during a conversation. In this work, we bring Affect Control Theory (ACT), a socio-mathematical model of emotions for human-human interactions, to the neural dialogue generation setting. ACT makes predictions about how

更新日期：2020-03-10
• arXiv.cs.HC Pub Date : 2020-03-08
Dongxu Li; Xin Yu; Chenchen Xu; Lars Petersson; Hongdong Li

Word-level sign language recognition (WSLR) is a fundamental task in sign language interpretation. It requires models to recognize isolated sign words from videos. However, annotating WSLR data needs expert knowledge, thus limiting WSLR dataset acquisition. On the contrary, there are abundant subtitled sign news videos on the internet. Since these videos have no word-level annotation and exhibit a

更新日期：2020-03-10
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