当前位置: X-MOL 学术npj Clean Water › 论文详情
A global review of the microbiological quality and potential health risks associated with roof-harvested rainwater tanks
npj Clean Water Pub Date : 2019-03-01 , DOI: 10.1038/s41545-019-0030-5
Kerry Hamilton, Brandon Reyneke, Monique Waso, Tanya Clements, Thando Ndlovu, Wesaal Khan, Kimberly DiGiovanni, Emma Rakestraw, Franco Montalto, Charles N. Haas, Warish Ahmed

A broad body of literature has been published regarding roof-harvested rainwater quality around the world. In particular, the presence of fecal indicator bacteria and pathogenic microorganisms has raised concerns regarding the acceptability of rainwater for potable and non-potable uses. As the use of molecular assays has improved understanding of the diverse microbial communities present in rainwater tanks and their role in providing benefits or harm to human health, a comprehensive review is needed to summarize the state of the science in this area. To provide a summary of microbial contaminants in rainwater tanks and contextual factors, a comprehensive review was conducted here to elucidate the uses of rainwater, factors affecting water quality, concentrations of fecal indicators and pathogens, the attribution of pathogens to host sources using microbial source tracking, microbial ecology, human health risks determined using epidemiological approaches and quantitative microbial risk assessment, and treatment approaches for mitigating risks. Research gaps were identified for pathogen concentration data, microbial source tracking approaches for identifying the sources of microbial contamination, limitations to current approaches for assessing viability, treatment, and maintenance practices. Frameworks should be developed to assess and prioritize these factors in order to optimize public health promotion for roof-harvested rainwater.
更新日期:2019-11-18

 

全部期刊列表>>
化学/材料学中国作者研究精选
Springer Nature 2019高下载量文章和章节
《科学报告》最新环境科学研究
ACS材料视界
自然科研论文编辑服务
中南大学国家杰青杨华明
剑桥大学-
中国科学院大学化学科学学院
材料化学和生物传感方向博士后招聘
课题组网站
X-MOL
北京大学分子工程苏南研究院
华东师范大学分子机器及功能材料
中山大学化学工程与技术学院
试剂库存
天合科研
down
wechat
bug