Landslides ( IF 4.708 ) Pub Date : 2020-08-01 , DOI: 10.1007/s10346-020-01490-8 Qingkai Meng, Weile Li, Federico Raspini, Qiang Xu, Ying Peng, Yuanzhen Ju, Yueze Zheng, Nicola Casagli
Loess landslides are a severe engineering geological problem on the Loess Plateau of China. This study relies on interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) and unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) photogrammetry techniques to characterise a large-scale loess landslide deformation process in Northwest China. First, a total of 85 Sentinel-1 SAR images acquired from March 2015 to March 2019 were used to detect the spatial displacement and characterise the pattern of deformation from presliding to postsliding. Second, three UAV flight surveys were conducted to reconstruct landslide morphology, identify scarps, cracks and fissures; and generate elevation differences. By comparing these two technologies, we found that InSAR has more advantages in the retrieval of creeping deformation, while UAV data is valuable for detecting large sudden slides. Dynamic deformation zonation maps were generated based on comprehensive analysis, and the deformation pattern of the large loess landslide was deduced. The Hongheyan landslide was induced by heavy rainfall and then gradually became suspended owing to the topography effect. Recently, the western part of the slope showed a clear accelerating trend. This evolution provides comprehensive kinematic information for local governments to make further intensive observations or take effective precautions.