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Nonlinear optical effect of interlayer charge transfer in a van der Waals heterostructure
Applied Physics Letters ( IF 3.597 ) Pub Date : 2019-12-26 , DOI: 10.1063/1.5131165
Peng Yao, Dawei He, Peymon Zereshki, Yongsheng Wang, Hui Zhao

The recently discovered two-dimensional materials can be used to fabricate multilayer heterostructures. Interlayer charge transfer is a key process in such heterostructures as it can enable emergent optoelectronic properties. Efficient interlayer charge transfer in van der Waals heterostructures has been observed by femtosecond transient absorption and steady-state optical spectroscopy measurements, based on measuring the interlayer carrier distribution. Here, we show that a second harmonic generation process allows direct probing of the electric field induced by the charge transfer. An ultrashort laser pulse was used to excite electrons and holes in a MoS2/WS2 heterostructure. The separation of the electrons and holes from the two monolayers generates an electric field, which enables the generation of the second harmonic of an incident fundamental pulse. We further studied the time evolution of this electric field by measuring the second harmonic signal as a function of the time delay between the pump and the fundamental pulses. The result agrees well with the dynamics revealed by a transient absorption measurement. These results provide direct evidence of interlayer charge transfer and demonstrate an all-optical method of studying charge transfer and induced electric fields in two-dimensional materials. Furthermore, this effect, if large enough, could be utilized in optical devices based on 2D heterostructures with nonlinear optical responses controllable by interlayer charge transfer.
更新日期:2019-12-31

 

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