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Effect of admixed solid inertants on dispersibility of combustible dust clouds in a modified hartmann tube
Process Safety and Environmental Protection ( IF 4.384 ) Pub Date : 2019-12-23 , DOI: 10.1016/j.psep.2019.12.017
Yajie Bu; Zepeng Ma; Chang Li; Paul Amyotte; Wenbo Yuan; Chunmiao Yuan; Gang Li

Reduction of dust explosion hazards can be achieved by processing materials in less hazardous forms. Two principles are often employed to moderate explosion potential. One approach is to increase dust particle size so as to decrease its reactivity. The other involves altering the dust composition by admixture with solid inertants. An essential prerequisite for dust explosions is the formation of airborne dust clouds. Dust dispersibility (i.e., the ease of dispersion of a dust and the tendency of the particulate matter to remain airborne once a dust cloud has been formed) is therefore an important safety characteristic, certainly requiring research attention. This paper presents experimental results using a modified Hartmann tube to determine the effect of admixed solid inertants on particle size distribution of dust clouds. Nine types of combustible dust and two sizes of inert Al2O3 were tested repeatedly five times. Generally, admixing small amounts of micro-sized solid inertants caused relative improvement on the dispersibility of combustible dust, forming a better dispersed cloud, and sometimes resulted in increased ignition sensitivity. However, the addition of agglomerate nano inert particles caused a multilayer coating of combustible particles, causing an increase in the effective surface area at the particle contact points, and thereby increasing cohesion in the powder mixtures. Higher inter-particle forces in turn enhanced the combustible particle agglomeration during dispersion, leading to an increase in effective particle size distribution.
更新日期:2019-12-23

 

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