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Biosynthetic Pathways to Nonproteinogenic α-Amino Acids
Chemical Reviews ( IF 54.301 ) Pub Date : 2019-12-23 , DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemrev.9b00408
Jason B. Hedges; Katherine S. Ryan

Natural nonproteinogenic amino acids vastly outnumber the well-known 22 proteinogenic amino acids. Such amino acids are generated in specialized metabolic pathways. In these pathways, diverse biosynthetic transformations, ranging from isomerizations to the stereospecific functionalization of C–H bonds, are employed to generate structural diversity. The resulting nonproteinogenic amino acids can be integrated into more complex natural products. Here we review recently discovered biosynthetic routes to freestanding nonproteinogenic α-amino acids, with an emphasis on work reported between 2013 and mid-2019.
更新日期:2019-12-23

 

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