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Real-time observation of stacking faults in gold shock-compressed to 150 GPa
Physical Review X ( IF 12.211 ) Pub Date : 
Surinder M. Sharma, Stefan J. Turneaure, J. M. Winey, P. A. Rigg, N. Sinclair, Xiaoming Wang, Y. Toyoda, and Y. M. Gupta

A microscopic-level understanding of the high-pressure states achieved under shock compression, including comparisons with static compression, is a long-standing and important scientific challenge. Unlike hydrostatic compression, uniaxial strains inherent to shock compression result in plastic deformation and abundant lattice defects. At high pressures (> 50 GPa), the role of shock-induced deformation and defects remains an open question. Due to the nanosecond time scales in shock experiments, real-time in situ observations of shock-induced lattice defects have been challenging. Here, we present synchrotron x-ray diffraction measurements on laser-shock-compressed gold that provide the first unambiguous in situ measurements of stacking faults (SFs), likely formed by partial dislocations, during shock compression. SF abundance increases monotonically with shock compression up to 150 GPa, where SFs comprise almost every 6th atomic layer. Our results show that SFs play an important role in the plastic deformation of face-centered-cubic metals shocked to high stresses, providing a quantitative benchmark for future theoretical developments.
更新日期:2019-12-18

 

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