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Reconsidering the Structure of Serlyticin-A
Journal of Natural Products ( IF 4.257 ) Pub Date : 2019-12-16 , DOI: 10.1021/acs.jnatprod.9b00859
Ka Yi Tsui; Robert J. Tombari; David E. Olson; Dean J. Tantillo

Serlyticin-A is a secondary metabolite first isolated from a culture of Serratia ureilytica grown using squid pen as the sole carbon/nitrogen source. A previous study by Kuo et al. demonstrated that it has antioxidative and antiproliferative properties. However, the proposed chemical structure of serlyticin-A is likely incorrect based on the thermodynamic instability of its three contiguous heteroatom–heteroatom bonds. Here, we use quantum chemical calculations to predict 1H and 13C chemical shifts for serlyticin-A and demonstrate a discrepancy between the calculated and experimental chemical shifts. We then propose several reasonable alternative structures for serlyticin-A. Considering the known antioxidant and antiproliferative activity of hydroxamic acids as well as their stability and prevalence in natural products of bacterial origin, we believe that serlyticin-A is most likely 3-indolylacetohydroxamic acid (4). We provide our rationale for this assignment as well as experimental data for pure 3-indolylacetohydroxamic acid obtained via de novo synthesis. This study highlights the power of computational NMR shift prediction to revise chemical structures for natural products like serlyticin-A.
更新日期:2019-12-17

 

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