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Nanoscale Phenomena in Lithium-Ion Batteries
Chemical Reviews ( IF 54.301 ) Pub Date : 2019-12-03 , DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemrev.9b00405
Sung-Kyun Jung, Insang Hwang, Donghee Chang, Kyu-Young Park, Sung Joo Kim, Won Mo Seong, Donggun Eum, Jooha Park, Byunghoon Kim, Jihyeon Kim, Jae Hoon Heo, Kisuk Kang

The electrochemical properties and performances of lithium-ion batteries are primarily governed by their constituent electrode materials, whose intrinsic thermodynamic and kinetic properties are understood as the determining factor. As a part of complementing the intrinsic material properties, the strategy of nanosizing has been widely applied to electrodes to improve battery performance. It has been revealed that this not only improves the kinetics of the electrode materials but is also capable of regulating their thermodynamic properties, taking advantage of nanoscale phenomena regarding the changes in redox potential, solid-state solubility of the intercalation compounds, and reaction paths. In addition, the nanosizing of materials has recently enabled the discovery of new energy storage mechanisms, through which unexplored classes of electrodes could be introduced. Herein, we review the nanoscale phenomena discovered or exploited in lithium-ion battery chemistry thus far and discuss their potential implications, providing opportunities to further unveil uncharted electrode materials and chemistries. Finally, we discuss the limitations of the nanoscale phenomena presently employed in battery applications and suggest strategies to overcome these limitations.
更新日期:2019-12-03

 

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