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Site-Specific Conjugation of the Indolinobenzodiazepine DGN549 to Antibodies Affords Antibody–Drug Conjugates with an Improved Therapeutic Index as Compared with Lysine Conjugation
Bioconjugate Chemistry ( IF 4.349 ) Pub Date : 2019-12-10 , DOI: 10.1021/acs.bioconjchem.9b00777
Chen Bai, Emily E. Reid, Alan Wilhelm, Manami Shizuka, Erin K. Maloney, Rassol Laleau, Lauren Harvey, Katie E. Archer, Dilrukshi Vitharana, Sharlene Adams, Yelena Kovtun, Michael L. Miller, Ravi Chari, Thomas A. Keating, Nicholas C. Yoder

Antibody–drug conjugates have elicited great interest recently as targeted chemotherapies for cancer. Recent preclinical and clinical data have continued to raise questions about optimizing the design of these complex therapeutics. Biochemical methods for site-specific antibody conjugation have been a design feature of recent clinical ADCs, and preclinical reports suggest that site-specifically conjugated ADCs generically offer improved therapeutic indices (i.e., the fold difference between efficacious and maximum tolerated doses). Here we present the results of a systematic preclinical comparison of ADCs embodying the DNA-alkylating linker-payload DGN549 generated with both heterogeneous lysine-directed and site-specific cysteine-directed conjugation chemistries. Importantly, the catabolites generated by each ADC are the same regardless of the conjugation format. In two different model systems evaluated, the site-specific ADC showed a therapeutic index benefit. However, the therapeutic index benefit is different in each case: both show evidence of improved tolerability, though with different magnitudes, and in one case significant efficacy improvement is also observed. These results support our contention that conjugation chemistry of ADCs is best evaluated in the context of a particular antibody, target, and linker-payload, and ideally across multiple disease models.
更新日期:2019-12-11

 

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