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Construction of a dermis-fat composite in vivo: Optimizing heterogeneous acellular dermal matrix with in vitro pretreatment.
Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine ( IF 3.319 ) Pub Date : 2019-11-14 , DOI: 10.1002/term.2986
Zhu Zhu,Zhao-Qi Yuan,Cheng Huang,Rui Jin,Di Sun,Jun Yang,Xu-Song Luo

Dermis-fat composite tissues have been widely used in plastic and reconstructive surgery and were previously constructed using hydrogel-type scaffolds. The constructs can be used for in vitro cosmetic and pharmaceutical testing but are not mechanically strong enough for in vivo applications. In this study, we used heterogeneous (porcine) acellular dermal matrix (PADM) as dermal layer scaffold. PADM was pretreated with the laser micropore technique and then precultured with rat adipose-derived stem cells (rADSCs) in vitro. rADSCs proliferated well on pretreated/unpretreated PADM, showing increased expression of genes associated with inflammatory regulation, proangiogenesis, and stemness, indicating that pretreated/unpretreated PADM both provide a beneficial microenvironment for rADSCs to exert their paracrine function. After in vitro processing, the rADSCs-polyporous PADM and PADM without pretreatments were implanted into the back of rats respectively, followed by adipose tissue transplantation. After implantation, the inflammation induced by pretreated PADM was significantly attenuated and localized compared to the unpretreated group. Moreover, the vascularization was faster, and more adipose tissue was formed in the pretreated group. Sound dermis-fat composite tissue was constructed with sufficient strength, which can potentially be used for actual repair application.
更新日期:2019-11-28

 

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