当前位置: X-MOL 学术STEM CELLS › 论文详情
CRISPR/Cas9-Based Dystrophin Restoration Reveals a Novel Role for Dystrophin in Bioenergetics and Stress Resistance of Muscle Progenitors.
STEM CELLS ( IF 5.614 ) Pub Date : 2019-11-18 , DOI: 10.1002/stem.3094
Polina R Matre,Xiaodong Mu,Jianbo Wu,Delia Danila,Mary A Hall,Mikhail G Kolonin,Radbod Darabi,Johnny Huard

Although the lack of dystrophin expression in muscle myofibers is the central cause of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), accumulating evidence suggests that DMD may also be a stem cell disease. Recent studies have revealed dystrophin expression in satellite cells and demonstrated that dystrophin deficiency is directly related to abnormalities in satellite cell polarity, asymmetric division, and epigenetic regulation, thus contributing to the manifestation of the DMD phenotype. Although metabolic and mitochondrial dysfunctions have also been associated with the DMD pathophysiology profile, interestingly, the role of dystrophin with respect to stem cells dysfunction has not been elucidated. In the past few years, editing of the gene that encodes dystrophin has emerged as a promising therapeutic approach for DMD, although the effects of dystrophin restoration in stem cells have not been addressed. Herein, we describe our use of a clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/Cas9-based system to correct the dystrophin mutation in dystrophic (mdx) muscle progenitor cells (MPCs) and show that the expression of dystrophin significantly improved cellular properties of the mdx MPCs in vitro. Our findings reveal that dystrophin-restored mdx MPCs demonstrated improvements in cell proliferation, differentiation, bioenergetics, and resistance to oxidative and endoplasmic reticulum stress. Furthermore, our in vivo studies demonstrated improved transplantation efficiency of the corrected MPCs in the muscles of mdx mice. Our results indicate that changes in cellular energetics and stress resistance via dystrophin restoration enhance muscle progenitor cell function, further validating that dystrophin plays a role in stem cell function and demonstrating the potential for new therapeutic approaches for DMD. Stem Cells 2019;37:1615-1628.
更新日期:2019-11-18

 

全部期刊列表>>
向世界展示您的会议墙报和演示文稿
全球疫情及响应:BMC Medicine专题征稿
欢迎探索2019年最具下载量的化学论文
新版X-MOL期刊搜索和高级搜索功能介绍
化学材料学全球高引用
ACS材料视界
x-mol收录
自然科研论文编辑服务
南方科技大学
南方科技大学
西湖大学
中国科学院长春应化所于聪-4-8
复旦大学
课题组网站
X-MOL
深圳大学二维材料实验室张晗
中山大学化学工程与技术学院
试剂库存
天合科研
down
wechat
bug