当前位置: X-MOL 学术STEM CELLS › 论文详情
Adenomatous Polyposis Coli as a Major Regulator of Human Embryonic Stem Cells Self-Renewal.
STEM CELLS ( IF 5.614 ) Pub Date : 2019-11-04 , DOI: 10.1002/stem.3084
Livia Preisler,Dalit Ben-Yosef,Yoav Mayshar

Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) provide an essential tool to investigate early human development, study disease pathogenesis, and examine therapeutic interventions. Adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) is a negative regulator of Wnt/β-catenin signaling, implicated in the majority of sporadic colorectal cancers and in the autosomal dominant inherited syndrome familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). Studies into the role of Wnt/β-catenin signaling in hESCs arrived at conflicting results, due at least in part to variations in culture conditions and the use of external inhibitors and agonists. Here, we directly targeted APC in hESCs carrying a germline APC mutation, derived from affected blastocysts following preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) for FAP, in order to answer open questions regarding the role of APC in regulating pluripotency and differentiation potential of hESCs. Using clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR associated protein 9 (Cas9), we generated second hit APC mutations in FAP-hESCs. Despite high CRISPR/Cas9 targeting efficiency and the successful isolation of many clones, none of the isolated clones carried a loss of function mutation in the wild-type (WT) APC allele. Using a fluorescent β-catenin reporter and analysis of mutated-allele frequencies in the APC locus, we show that APC double mutant hESCs robustly activate Wnt/β-catenin signaling that results in rapid differentiation to endodermal and mesodermal lineages. Here, we provide direct evidence for a strict requirement for constant β-catenin degradation through the APC destruction complex in order to maintain pluripotency, highlighting a fundamental role for APC in self-renewal of hESCs. Stem Cells 2019;37:1505-1515.
更新日期:2019-11-04

 

全部期刊列表>>
宅家赢大奖
向世界展示您的会议墙报和演示文稿
全球疫情及响应:BMC Medicine专题征稿
新版X-MOL期刊搜索和高级搜索功能介绍
化学材料学全球高引用
ACS材料视界
x-mol收录
自然科研论文编辑服务
南方科技大学
南方科技大学
西湖大学
中国科学院长春应化所于聪-4-8
复旦大学
课题组网站
X-MOL
深圳大学二维材料实验室张晗
中山大学化学工程与技术学院
试剂库存
天合科研
down
wechat
bug