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In-plane orientation-dependent metal-insulator transition in vanadium dioxide induced by sublattice strain engineering
npj Quantum Materials Pub Date : 2019-07-26 , DOI: 10.1038/s41535-019-0176-x
Weizheng Liang, Zengqing Zhuo, Yanda Ji, Chang Lu, Min Gao, Hao Yang, Chonglin Chen, Feng Pan, Yuan Lin

Selectively modulating the sublattices in 3D transition metal oxides via strains could tailor the electronic configurations with emerging anomalous properties, which provides new platforms for fundamental researches as well as designs of devices. Here, we report tailoring the oxygen octahedral sublattices in vanadium dioxide (VO2) thin films by anisotropic in-plane strains, and the observation of in-plane orientation-dependent metal–insulator transition. Through multimodal characterizations based on high-resolution X-ray diffraction, electrical transport measurements, and polarization-dependent X-ray absorption spectroscopy at different temperatures, we demonstrate that nonequal strains were successfully induced along A and B oxygen octahedral chains in VO2 films via a special design of epitaxial growth on vicinal substrates. The V 3d1 orbital configurations are modulated in the two oxygen octahedral chains, resulting in in-plane orientation-dependent metal–insulator transition behaviors such as reduced hysteresis width and anisotropic phase transition temperature. This work provides new fundamental insights on metal–insulator transitions, and more importantly, opens up new opportunities for material and device developments
更新日期:2019-11-18

 

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