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Assessment of Vitreous Structure and Visual Function after Neodymium:Yttrium–Aluminum–Garnet Laser Vitreolysis
Ophthalmology ( IF 7.732 ) Pub Date : 2019-06-22 , DOI: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2019.06.021
Justin H. Nguyen, Jeannie Nguyen-Cuu, Fei Yu, Kenneth M. Yee, Jonathan Mamou, Ronald H. Silverman, Jeffrey Ketterling, J. Sebag

Purpose Neodymium:yttrium–aluminum–garnet (Nd:YAG) laser treatment is performed on vitreous floaters, but studies of structural and functional effects with objective outcome measures are lacking. This study evaluated Nd:YAG laser effects by comparing participants with vitreous floaters who previously underwent laser treatment with untreated control participants and healthy persons without vitreous floaters using quantitative ultrasonography to evaluate vitreous structure and by measuring visual acuity and contrast sensitivity function to assess vision. Design Retrospective, comparative study. Participants One eye was enrolled for each of 132 participants: 35 control participants without vitreous floaters, 59 participants with untreated vitreous floaters, and 38 participants with vitreous floaters previously Nd:YAG-treated. Of these, 25 were dissatisfied and sought vitrectomy; 13 were satisfied with observation. Methods The 39-item National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (NEI-VFQ-39) to assess participant visual well-being, quantitative ultrasonography (QUS) to measure vitreous echodensity, and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and contrast sensitivity function (CSF) to evaluate vision. Main Outcome Measures Results of NEI-VFQ-39, QUS, BCVA, and CSF. Results Compared with control participants without vitreous floaters, participants with untreated vitreous floaters showed worse NEI-VFQ-39 results, 57% greater vitreous echodensity, and significant (130%) CSF degradation (P < 0.001 for each). Compared with untreated eyes with vitreous floaters, Nd:YAG-treated eyes had 23% less vitreous echodensity (P < 0.001), but no differences in NEI-VFQ-39 (P = 0.51), BCVA (P = 0.42), and CSF (P = 0.17) results. Of 38 participants with vitreous floaters who previously were treated with Nd:YAG, 25 were dissatisfied and seeking vitrectomy, whereas 13 were satisfied with observation. Participants seeking vitrectomy showed 24% greater vitreous echodensity (P = 0.018) and 52% worse CSF (P = 0.006). Multivariate linear regression models confirmed these findings. Conclusions As a group, participants previously treated with Nd:YAG laser for bothersome vitreous floaters showed less dense vitreous, but similar visual function as untreated control participants with vitreous floaters. Because some treated eyes showed less dense vitreous and better visual function than those of untreated control participants, a prospective randomized study of Nd:YAG laser treatment of vitreous is warranted, using uniform laser treatment parameters and objective quantitative outcome measures.
更新日期:2019-11-18

 

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