当前位置: X-MOL 学术Sleep Med. › 论文详情
Resetting the late timing of ‘night owls’ has a positive impact on mental health and performance
Sleep Medicine ( IF 3.360 ) Pub Date : 2019-05-10 , DOI: 10.1016/j.sleep.2019.05.001
Elise R. Facer-Childs, Benita Middleton, Debra J. Skene, Andrew P. Bagshaw

There is conflict between living according to our endogenous biological rhythms and our external environment, with disruptions resulting in negative consequences to health and performance. This is often documented in shift work and jet lag, but ‘societal norms’ e.g. typical working hours, can create profound issues for ‘night owls’, people whose internal biological timing predisposes them to follow an unusually late sleep-wake cycle. Night owls have also been associated with health issues, mood disturbances, poorer performance and increased mortality rates. This study used a randomized control trial design aimed to shift the late timing of night owls to an earlier time (phase advance), using non-pharmacological, practical interventions in a real-world setting. These interventions targeted light exposure (through earlier wake up/sleep times), fixed meals times, caffeine intake and exercise. Overall, participants demonstrated a significant advance of ∼2 h in sleep/wake timings as measured by actigraphy and circadian phase markers (dim light melatonin onset and peak time of the cortisol awakening response), whilst having no adverse effect on sleep duration. Importantly, the phase advance was accompanied by significant improvements to self-reported depression and stress, as well as improved cognitive (reaction time) and physical (grip strength) performance measures during the typical ‘suboptimal’ morning hours. Our findings propose a novel strategy for shifting clock timing towards a pattern that is more aligned to societal demands that could significantly improve elements of performance, mental health and sleep timing in the real world.

更新日期:2019-05-10

 

分享到
评论: 0
期刊列表
BMC Public Health
Altmetric百强作者经验
北大深研院会议广告
课题组网站
Springer Nature
Nature中文内容
北京理工大学机电学院孙伟福
厦门大学药学院宗利利
武汉大学高等研究院陈素明
上海交大医学院分子医学研究院韩达
试剂库存
X-MOL文献直达记录功能上线
天合科研
2017年中科院JCR分区化学大类列表
化合物查询
down
wechat
bug