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Asylum Decisions as Performances: Intertextuality in Internal Credibility Assessment
International Journal of Refugee Law Pub Date : 2021-04-22 , DOI: 10.1093/ijrl/eeab001
Bodström E.

Abstract
This article shows how the Finnish Immigration Service approaches internal credibility assessment in asylum decisions. The internal credibility assessment is one of the most important parts of the asylum process, since it aims to assess the truthfulness of the asylum applicant’s account, customarily through evaluation of the level of detail, coherence, and sense of personal telling. If the account is not accepted as truthful, the applicant may not be granted asylum. In general, the internal credibility assessment is based on the asylum interview documented in the asylum record. The current study analyses 44 asylum decisions and the corresponding interview records to see how the internal credibility assessment is intertextually constructed in the decisions. The article shows that referring to detail seems to be used as a shorthand in the decisions to reject the applicant’s account, since it is used both in cases where the questions of the interviewer have been general, and in cases where the issue seems rather to be one of consistency in either the interview or the decision. The article further shows how the decisions portray the assumptions of the decision maker as more neutral, objective, and credible than those of the asylum applicant. Overall, the article argues that the asylum decisions become performances in which the form and internal argumentation may become more important than the intertextual coherence of the asylum case.


中文翻译:

作为表演的庇护决定:内部可信度评估中的互文性

摘要
本文展示了芬兰移民局如何在庇护决定中进行内部可信度评估。内部可信度评估是庇护程序中最重要的部分之一,因为它旨在评估庇护申请人陈述的真实性,通常通过评估详细程度、连贯性和个人陈述的感觉。如果账户不真实,申请人可能不会获得庇护。一般而言,内部可信度评估基于庇护记录中记录的庇护面谈。目前的研究分析了 44 项庇护决定和相应的访谈记录,以了解内部可信度评估是如何在决定中互文构建的。文章表明,在拒绝申请人陈述的决定中,提及细节似乎被用作速记,因为它既用于面试官的问题一般的情况,也用于问题似乎更重要的情况面试或决定的一致性之一。文章进一步展示了决策如何将决策者的假设描述为比庇护申请人的假设更中立、客观和可信。总的来说,文章认为庇护决定成为一种表演,其中形式和内部论证可能变得比庇护案件的互文连贯性更重要。并且在问题似乎更像是面试或决定中的一致性的情况下。文章进一步展示了决策如何将决策者的假设描述为比庇护申请人的假设更中立、客观和可信。总的来说,文章认为庇护决定成为一种表演,其中形式和内部论证可能变得比庇护案件的互文连贯性更重要。并且在问题似乎更像是面试或决定中的一致性的情况下。文章进一步展示了决策如何将决策者的假设描述为比庇护申请人的假设更中立、客观和可信。总的来说,文章认为庇护决定成为一种表演,其中形式和内部论证可能变得比庇护案件的互文连贯性更重要。
更新日期:2021-06-10
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