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The origins of syncopation in American popular music
Popular Music Pub Date : 2021-06-04 , DOI: 10.1017/s0261143021000283
David Temperley

The origins of syncopation in 20th-century American popular music have been a source of controversy. I offer a new account of this historical process. I distinguish between second-position syncopation, an accent on the second quarter of a half-note or quarter-note unit, and fourth-position syncopation, an accent on the fourth quarter of such a unit. Unlike second-position syncopation, fourth-position syncopation tends to have an anticipatory character. In an earlier study I presented evidence suggesting British roots for second-position syncopation. in contrast, fourth-position syncopation – the focus of the current study – seems to have had no presence in published 19th-century vocal music, British or American. It first appears in notation in ragtime songs and piano music at the very end of the 19th century; it was also used in recordings by African-American singers before it was widely notated.



中文翻译:

美国流行音乐中切分音的起源

20 世纪美国流行音乐中切分音的起源一直存在争议。我对这个历史过程提供了一个新的描述。我区分了第二位切分音,即二分音符或四分音符单元的第二个四分音符,和第四位切分音,即此类单元的四分音符。与第二位切分音不同,第四位切分音倾向于具有预期特征。在较早的一项研究中,我提出了证据表明第二位切分音源自英国。相比之下,第四位切分音——当前研究的重点——似乎没有出现在 19 世纪出版的英国或美国声乐中。它首次出现在 19 世纪末的拉格泰姆歌曲和钢琴音乐中。

更新日期:2021-06-04
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