当前位置: X-MOL 学术Early Music › 论文详情
The metronome marks for Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony in context
Early Music Pub Date : 2021-05-17 , DOI: 10.1093/em/caab005
Noorduin M.

Abstract
In recent years, Beethoven’s metronome marks for his Ninth Symphony have experienced a renewed relevance, with several ensembles incorporating the indicated speeds in their performances. Nevertheless, previous research has shown that some of the marks have been incorrectly transmitted, and there is the suspicion that further mistakes are still undiscovered. Focusing particularly on the second and fourth movements, this article discusses the historical sources and scholarly contexts for these markings, within a historical framework that draws on Beethoven’s general tempo principles, as well as observations from contemporaries. The article suggests that the trio of the second movement has three speeds that can be justified historically, although the most popular option, minim = 160, arguably has the least supporting evidence. The discussion also draws attention to another metronome mark for the final section of the symphony that has been often overlooked. Finally, it argues that one of the most often cited examples of an erroneously transmitted metronome mark, the dotted minim = 96 for the Schreckensfanfare found in the later sources, is consistent with Beethoven’s wider practice, and should provide an incentive for performers to experiment with historically informed tempi in this familiar repertory.


中文翻译:

在上下文中贝多芬《第九交响曲》的节拍器标记

摘要
近年来,贝多芬为第九交响曲创作的节拍器乐章有了新的关联,几支乐团在表演中加入了指示的速度。但是,先前的研究表明,某些商标已被错误地传播,并且有怀疑进一步的错误仍未发现。本文特别关注第二和第四乐章,在借鉴贝多芬一般节奏原理以及当代人观察的历史框架内,讨论了这些标记的历史渊源和学术背景。该文章认为,第二乐章的三重奏具有三种速度,这在历史上是合理的,尽管最流行的选择是minim = 160,可以说是证据最少的。讨论还提请人们注意交响乐的最后一部分的另一个节拍器标记,这一标记经常被忽略。最后,它提出了错误传送节拍器标记的最常引用的示例之一,对于在后来的资料中发现了Schreckensfanfare,与贝多芬的广泛实践相一致,并且应该激励表演者在这个熟悉的曲目中尝试以历史为依据的节奏。
更新日期:2021-05-17
全部期刊列表>>
virulence
欢迎新作者ACS
中国作者高影响力研究精选
虚拟特刊
屿渡论文,编辑服务
浙大
上海中医药大学
深圳大学
上海交通大学
南方科技大学
浙江大学
清华大学
徐晶
张大卫
彭孝军
北京大学
隐藏1h前已浏览文章
课题组网站
新版X-MOL期刊搜索和高级搜索功能介绍
ACS材料视界
华辉
天合科研
x-mol收录
试剂库存
down
wechat
bug