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The Precaution Presumption
European Journal of International Law ( IF 1.475 ) Pub Date : 2021-03-30 , DOI: 10.1093/ejil/chab006
Sourgens F.

Abstract
The precautionary principle is a central, if controversial, feature of international legal argument. I explore this controversy through a pluralist lens. What makes the precautionary principle so controversial is that it prevents us from appreciating risk holistically, particularly when appraising responses to policy trilemmas. Instead, claims of precaution focus only on some risks to the exclusion of others. I argue that we can overcome this problem by treating precaution as an evidentiary principle. This approach translates competing precautionary claims into a holistic appreciation of risk in its full factual context. I analyse that existing evidentiary conceptions of precaution (precaution as burden shift and precaution as standard-lowering) do not adequately achieve this goal. I submit that these problems can be overcome when treating precaution as an evidentiary presumption and develop how to formulate it.


中文翻译:

预防性推定

摘要
预防原则是国际法律论证的核心(即使有争议)特征。我通过多元化的角度探讨了这一争议。预防原则之所以引起争议,是因为它使我们无法全面地评估风险,尤其是在评估对政策困境的应对时。取而代之的是,预防措施的主张仅关注某些风险,而将其他风险排除在外。我认为我们可以通过将预防措施作为证据原则来克服这个问题。这种方法将竞争性的预防性要求转化为在其完整的事实背景下整体评估风险的能力。我分析了现有的预防措施的证据概念(预防措施如负担转移和预防措施如降低标准)不能充分实现这一目标。
更新日期:2021-04-29
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