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Appreciating, (Re)-Thinking and Diversifying Arts Education: Learning to Be a Choral Conductor/ Trainer/Director/Educator in Kenya
Muziki Pub Date : 2021-04-20 , DOI: 10.1080/18125980.2021.1890191
Mukasa S. Wafula

Abstract

The tremendous growth of choral music in Kenya over the last 50 years has largely been realised in three major establishments, namely: the Church, institutions of learning, and political arenas. Whereas choral music presents a field that can draw from diverse inquiries, the article focuses on music education as a component of choral music. It is motivated by the concern that the majority of choral trainers/directors/educators in Kenya are not products of formal choral training programmes. For the few who have obtained formal musicology, ethnomusicology and music education qualifications, observation shows that choral training or directing either forms a minimal part of, or is not included in, the various certificate, diploma or degree courses offered. Although conducting and/or art music as course units are offered in selected universities no institution of learning in Kenya offers a full course that focuses clearly on training choral trainers/directors/educators. Thus, choral directors may be the product of music training programmes other than formal school curricula. Whether in institutions of learning or the Church, the article views a choir situation as an alternative classroom, where the choral conductor/trainer/director/educator not only artistically imparts knowledge to the singers (learners), but also to prospective choral directors, hence acting as a role model. Therefore, the article demonstrates the alternative methodologies employed in Kenyan choral music. To address these concerns, the study relied on an ethnographic research approach that involved interviewing choral artistes, as well as observing how they practise their music, besides group interactive strategies.



中文翻译:

欣赏(重新)思考和多样化的艺术教育:学会成为肯尼亚的合唱指挥/教练/导演/教育家

摘要

过去50年里,肯尼亚合唱音乐的巨大增长主要在三个主要机构中实现:教会,学习机构和政治场所。尽管合唱音乐提供了一个可以从各种查询中汲取灵感的领域,但本文重点介绍了音乐教育,将其作为合唱音乐的组成部分。出于关注的动机是,肯尼亚的大多数合唱培训师/导演/教育者不是正式的合唱培训课程的产物。对于少数获得正式音乐学,民族音乐学和音乐教育学历的人,观察表明,合唱训练或指导只是所提供的各种证书,文凭或学位课程的很小一部分,或不包括在内。尽管在选定的大学中提供了以指挥和/或艺术音乐为课程单元,肯尼亚没有一个学习机构提供一门完整的课程,该课程的重点显然是训练合唱教练/导演/教育者。因此,合唱导演可能是正规学校课程以外的音乐培训课程的产物。无论是在学习机构还是在教堂,文章都将合唱团的情况视为替代教室,合唱指挥/培训者/导演/教育者不仅在艺术上向歌手(学习者)传授知识,而且还向准合唱导演传授知识,因此充当榜样。因此,本文演示了肯尼亚合唱音乐中采用的替代方法。为了解决这些问题,该研究采用了一项民族志研究方法,其中涉及采访合唱艺术家,

更新日期:2021-04-21
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