Psychology of Music ( IF 1.712 ) Pub Date : 2021-04-20 , DOI: 10.1177/0305735621996024 Miren Pérez-Eizaguirre, Ana Dorado, Mar Rodríguez-Brioso, Jesús Privado
The purpose of this research is to analyze the significant impact music therapy can have on a group of adolescents who have committed Child to Parent Violence and a second group of teenagers at social risk. Both groups were made up of 11 participants between 13 and 21 years of age (M = 16 years, SD = 1.66 years) with six males in each group. Both groups participated in eight music therapy interventions where state-trait anxiety levels were measured before and after each session. Furthermore, trait anxiety levels were measured after the first and eighth sessions. Our findings indicate that the treatment used performs differently in each group: a more significant reduction in state anxiety levels was observed among participants who had used Child to Parent Violence, where trait anxiety levels were more significantly reduced among participants at social risk. Our findings also indicate that music therapy can be effectively used to reduce anxiety levels among socially vulnerable groups, and that it may have a significant impact on the reduction of this disorder, depending on the anxiety level.
这项研究的目的是分析音乐疗法对一群犯有儿童对父母暴力行为的青少年和另一群处于社会风险中的青少年所产生的重大影响。两组均由11位年龄在13至21岁之间的参与者组成（M = 16岁，SD= 1.66岁），每组中有6名男性。两组都参加了八项音乐疗法干预措施，分别在每节课前后测量状态性焦虑水平。此外，在第一和第八节课后测量特质焦虑水平。我们的研究结果表明，所使用的治疗方法在每个组中的表现均不同：在使用“儿童对父母的暴力行为”的参与者中，观察到的状态焦虑水平显着降低，其中处于社会风险状态的参与者的特质焦虑水平显着降低。我们的发现还表明，音乐疗法可以有效地减少社会弱势群体的焦虑程度，并且根据焦虑程度的不同，音乐疗法可能对减轻这种疾病有重要影响。