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Justice Is in the Eye of the Beholder
Family Court Review Pub Date : 2021-04-12 , DOI: 10.1111/fcre.12543
Elke Claessens, Dimitri Mortelmans

This study aims to deepen our understanding of the perception of fairness in child support agreements. We build on the theory of reaching agreements and current knowledge considering justice perceptions in child support cases, applied to the specific case of Belgium, which lacks a uniform system for child support determination. Using qualitative in‐depth interviews conducted with both ex‐partners of a parental dyad, we analyze which factors pertain to the perception of (un)fairness and how this links to the way an agreement was reached. We find that, apart from the enumeration system and the height of the child support award, characteristics of the agreement and the parents are also of importance in determining the perception of (un)fairness. Converging these findings with the theory of reaching agreements provides a typology from communal problem‐solving to unilateral yielding, which are linked to specific parental foci/motivations and bring forth own sources of fairness and unfairness. The results of this study are particularly useful for mediation strategies aimed at enhancing the perception of fairness and offers relevant insights for child support policies at large.

中文翻译:

情人眼中的情人

这项研究旨在加深我们对儿童抚养协议中公平感的理解。我们基于达成协议的理论和当前的知识,考虑到对儿童抚养费案件的司法理解,将其应用于比利时的特定案件,该国缺乏统一的儿童抚养费确定系统。通过与父母双亲的前合伙人进行的定性深入访谈,我们分析了哪些因素与对(不)公平的看法有关,以及这些因素如何与达成协议的方式联系起来。我们发现,除了枚举制度和子女抚养费奖励的数额外,协议和父母的特征在确定对(不)公平的看法方面也很重要。将这些发现与达成协议的理论相融合,提供了从解决社区问题到单方面收益的类型,这与特定的父母关注重点/动机相关,并带来了公平和不公平的来源。这项研究的结果对于旨在增强公平感的调解策略特别有用,并为整个儿童抚养政策提供了相关见解。
更新日期:2021-04-29
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