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Effectiveness of a contact-based anti-stigma intervention for police officers
International Journal of Law and Psychiatry ( IF 1.341 ) Pub Date : 2021-04-06 , DOI: 10.1016/j.ijlp.2021.101697
Linus Wittmann, Robert Dorner, Imke Heuer, Thomas Bock, Candelaria Mahlke

Introduction

Police force interaction rates with individuals with mental health conditions are on the rise. International research reveals that the presence of a mental health condition increases the risk for detention and use of force by police officers. Stigmatization of individuals with mental health conditions as dangerous and unpredictable is assumed to have an impact on the likelihood of police use of force. The following study examines a trialogical intervention to reduce stigmatization of individuals with a diagnosis of schizophrenia in a police officer sample.

Method

1318 police officers participated in a trialogical contact-based intervention with the aim to reduce stigmatizing attitudes and beliefs. Emotional reactions, stereotypes and social distance were assessed prior to and after the intervention in a one-group design.

Results

Negative stereotypes were positively associated with social distance in individuals with a diagnosis of schizophrenia and were positively associated with anxiety. Dependent sample t-test revealed reduced anxiety towards individuals with a diagnosis of schizophrenia, less negative stereotypes, and less social distance post intervention. All results were significant, and all effect sizes showed a small to moderate effect.

Conclusions

Trialogical contact-based, short-term anti-stigma interventions appear to reduce stigmatizing attitudes towards individuals with mental health conditions in a large police force sample. A missing control group is a key study limitation. Further research is needed to examine the effectiveness of the intervention in a randomized-controlled trial. However, the results clearly suggest that anti-stigma interventions could be beneficially introduced into police training.



中文翻译:

基于联系的反耻辱干预对警察的有效性

介绍

警察与患有精神疾病的人的互动率正在上升。国际研究表明,精神疾病的存在增加了警察拘留和使用武力的风险。认为精神健康状况为危险和不可预测的个人受到的污名化会影响警察使用武力的可能性。以下研究检查了警务人员样本中的三项干预措施,以减少诊断为精神分裂症的个体受到污名化的情况。

方法

1318名警官参加了一次基于接触的三部曲干预,旨在减少污名化的态度和信念。在一组设计中,对干预前后的情绪反应,刻板印象和社交距离进行了评估。

结果

阴性刻板印象与精神分裂症患者的社交距离呈正相关,与焦虑症呈正相关。相关样本t检验显示,对患有精神分裂症的患者的焦虑情绪有所降低,负面刻板印象较少,干预后的社交距离也较小。所有结果均显着,并且所有效应大小均显示出小至中度的效应。

结论

基于三合会接触的短期反污名干预措施似乎减少了对大量警察样本中患有精神健康状况的人的污名化态度。缺少对照组是一项关键的研究限制。需要进行进一步的研究以检查随机对照试验中干预措施的有效性。但是,结果清楚地表明,可以将反侮辱性干预措施有益地引入警察培训中。

更新日期:2021-04-06
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