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Relationships between role stress, professional identity, and burnout among contemporary school counselors
Psychology in the Schools ( IF 1.134 ) Pub Date : 2021-04-06 , DOI: 10.1002/pits.22518
Rotem Maor, Alla Hemi

Continuous exposure to stress has psychological and physiological consequences for employees, especially for mental health professionals whose professions are known as demanding and stressful. The current study focuses on the relationship between role stress and burnout in the contemporary school counselors' role. We also aimed to examine whether professional identity might serve as a protective mechanism against burnout. School counselors (N = 205, 96% female, mean age = 43.03) currently practicing in the Israeli education system filled out questionnaires assessing their perceived role stress, burnout, and professional identity. Results indicated that school counselors perceived noncounseling role stressors as more stressful than counseling role stressors. Noncounseling role stressors contributed to burnout more than counseling role stressors. Professional identity was negatively correlated with burnout. Last, professional identity moderated the relationship between role stress and burnout. Findings highlight the negative impact of noncounseling stressors on burnout and the importance of professional identity as a protective factor against burnout among school counselors.

中文翻译:

当代学校辅导员的角色压力,职业认同和倦怠之间的关系

持续承受压力会对员工产生心理和生理后果,特别是对于其职业被称为苛刻和压力大的精神卫生专业人员。当前的研究集中在当代学校辅导员角色中的角色压力和倦怠之间的关系。我们还旨在研究职业身份是否可以作为防止倦怠的保护机制。学校辅导员(ñ = 205,占96%,女性,平均年龄= 43.03)目前在以色列教育系统中执业,他们填写了调查表,评估了她们对角色压力,倦怠和职业身份的感知。结果表明,学校辅导员认为非辅导角色压力源比辅导角色压力源更具压力。与辅导角色压力源相比,非辅导角色压力源对倦怠的贡献更大。职业身份与倦怠呈负相关。最后,职业认同缓解了角色压力与倦怠之间的关系。调查结果突显了非辅导性压力源对职业倦怠的负面影响,以及职业身份作为学校辅导员中防止职业倦怠的保护因素的重要性。
更新日期:2021-04-06
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