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Denying the Right of Return as a Crime Against Humanity
Israel Law Review Pub Date : 2021-04-05 , DOI: 10.1017/s0021223721000042
Tomer Levinger

This article argues that there are firm grounds upon which to regard the act of denying a person's right of return to their country as a crime against humanity. To make its case, the article builds upon two justifications for the right of return: its grounding based on the human need to belong, and its purpose as a means of preventing rightlessness. The human interests underlying these justifications, the article contends, are similarly those reflected by the image of humanness ingrained within the law of crimes against humanity. Therefore, when the right of return is denied, it is also an assault against humanness as such – a crime against humanity. Recently, proceedings before the International Criminal Court (ICC), with regard to the situation in Bangladesh/Myanmar, have made this question highly relevant. Both the Court's Pre-Trial Chamber and Prosecutor have raised arguments in support of regarding the denial of the right of the Rohingya peoples to return to Myanmar a crime against humanity of other inhumane acts. Consequently, this article attempts to offer support for what might turn out to be an important doctrinal development in ICC jurisprudence.



中文翻译:

剥夺返回权是危害人类罪

本文认为,将剥夺一个人返回自己的国家的权利的行为视为危害人类罪有确凿的依据。为了证明这一点,该条建立在返回权的两个依据之上:其基于人类需要归属的基础,以及其作为防止无权利的手段的目的。文章认为,这些辩解所依据的人类利益与反人类罪法中根深蒂固的人类形象所反映的利益相似。因此,当返回权被剥夺时,它也是对人类的侵犯,即对人类的犯罪。最近,有关孟加拉国/缅甸局势的国际刑事法院(ICC)的诉讼已使这个问题高度相关。双方法院 预审分庭和检察官提出了论点,支持罗兴亚人民被剥夺危害人类罪的其他不人道行为返回缅甸的权利。因此,本文试图为可能成为国际商会判例的重要理论发展提供支持。

更新日期:2021-04-05
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