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A theory of children's decisional privacy
Legal Studies ( IF 0.597 ) Pub Date : 2021-04-05 , DOI: 10.1017/lst.2021.16
Georgina Dimopoulos

Decisional privacy offers individuals the freedom to act and to make important decisions about how they live their lives, without unjustifiable interference from other individuals or the state. Children's perceived vulnerability, incapacity for rational decision-making and dependence on adults have been used to justify depriving children of decisional privacy rights and subjecting them to the exercise of adult power over the conditions of their lives. The aim of this paper is to articulate a theory of children's decisional privacy. It is argued that decisional privacy is valued as a condition that enables individual autonomy. A relational, gradual conception of autonomy is advanced, to explain how children can be recognised as having the capacity for autonomy, and in some circumstances, actual autonomy. This paper presents four fundamental principles of a children's rights approach to decisional privacy, which collectively serve to enhance children's meaningful participation in decision-making about their best interests, consistently with children's evolving capacities and the receipt of appropriate parental direction and guidance. The theory developed in this paper presents an opportunity for adult decision-makers to reflect upon how they make decisions for and about children, and how children can play a meaningful role in those decision-making processes.



中文翻译:

儿童的决定性隐私理论

决定性隐私为个人提供了行动自由,并可以就他们的生活做出重要决定,而不受其他个人或国家的无理干涉。儿童的感知脆弱性,无能力进行理性决策以及对成年人的依赖已被用来证明剥夺儿童的决定性隐私权并使他们在其生活条件下行使成年人的权力是正当的。本文的目的是阐明儿童的决定性隐私理论。有人认为,决定性隐私被视为能够实现个人自治的条件。提出了一种渐进的关系式的自治概念,以解释如何认识到儿童具有自治能力,在某些情况下还具有实际的自治能力。本文介绍了儿童权利中的决定性隐私的四个基本原则,这些原则与儿童的能力发展以及接受适当的父母指导和指导相一致,共同促进儿童有意义地参与其最大利益的决策。本文开发的理论为成人决策者提供了一个机会,让他们思考他们如何为儿童做出决策以及关于儿童的决策,以及儿童如何在这些决策过程中扮演有意义的角色。能力的发展以及对父母适当指导和指导的接受。本文开发的理论为成人决策者提供了一个机会,让他们思考他们如何为儿童做出决策以及关于儿童的决策,以及儿童如何在这些决策过程中扮演有意义的角色。能力的发展以及对父母适当指导和指导的接受。本文开发的理论为成人决策者提供了一个机会,让他们思考他们如何为儿童做出决策以及关于儿童的决策,以及儿童如何在这些决策过程中扮演有意义的角色。

更新日期:2021-04-05
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