当前位置: X-MOL 学术Journal of Legal Medicine › 论文详情
Ten Years of the Tobacco Control Act in New York City
Journal of Legal Medicine ( IF 0.417 ) Pub Date : 2021-04-02 , DOI: 10.1080/01947648.2020.1868939
Kevin R. J. Schroth

Abstract

This article describes the impact of the 2009 Family Smoking and Prevention Tobacco Control Act (TCA) on local tobacco control through the lens of New York City’s experience during the first 10 years after the TCA was enacted, highlighting one meaningful change and an opportunity that has failed to materialize. Much of the analysis regarding the TCA highlights the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) new powers and the TCA’s impact on a national level. However, the TCA also opened up opportunities for local governments to pursue sound tobacco control policies that previously seemed fraught with high legal risk. This article focuses on two aspects of the TCA. First, the TCA weakened one of the tobacco industry’s most reliable litigation weapons—preemption. Second, the TCA authorized the FDA to combat the illicit trade of tobacco products. Despite clear language in the TCA, the FDA has not signaled an inclination to take action regarding illicit trade in the context of tobacco tax evasion.



中文翻译:

纽约市《烟草控制法十年》

摘要

本文通过制定《美国家庭吸烟法》后的头十年,以纽约市的经验为视角,介绍了《 2009年家庭吸烟与预防烟草控制法》(TCA)对当地烟草控制的影响,着重介绍了一项有意义的变化和带来的机遇未能实现。关于三氯乙酸的大部分分析都强调了美国食品药品管理局(FDA)的新权力以及三氯乙酸在国家层面的影响。但是,TCA还为地方政府提供了实施健全的烟草控制政策的机会,这些政策以前似乎充满了高法律风险。本文重点介绍了TCA的两个方面。首先,三氯乙酸(TCA)削弱了烟草业最可靠的诉讼武器之一-抢占。第二,TCA授权FDA打击烟草制品的非法贸易。

更新日期:2021-04-02
全部期刊列表>>
2021中国学者有奖调研
JACS
材料科学跨学科高质量前沿研究
中国作者高影响力研究精选
虚拟特刊
屿渡论文,编辑服务
何川
清华大学
郭维
上海中医药大学
华东师范大学
北京大学许言
楚甲祥
西湖石航
上海交大
北理工
隐藏1h前已浏览文章
课题组网站
新版X-MOL期刊搜索和高级搜索功能介绍
ACS材料视界
南开大学
张韶光
华辉
天合科研
x-mol收录
试剂库存
down
wechat
bug