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Narratives of resistance and decolonial futures in the politics of the Bermudian Black Power movement
Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers ( IF 4.320 ) Pub Date : 2021-03-26 , DOI: 10.1111/tran.12450
Ben Gowland

In this paper, I examine the spatial politics of the Bermudian Black Power movement and its connections to Black Power political formations in the wider Caribbean and North America. This spatial politics is examined in detail through an engagement with the First Regional International Black Power Conference (BPC) held in Bermuda on 10–13 July 1969 and the subsequent Black Power political activity on the island that the conference inspired. Through this engagement it is shown how the island of Bermuda and its black population were constitutive of transnational circulations of radical Black Power, and aligned thinkers and activists. This paper develops a reading of a politics of Black Power on the island as challenging hegemonic geographies and political spatialities of white supremacy through the envisioning of alternative, decolonial futures and a resultant pre‐figurative political praxis. Such a reading is built on the theory of West Indian scholars David Scott and Brian Meeks and the spatial ontology of Doreen Massey. D. Scott and Meeks have been key contributors to Caribbean critical thought for many decades, with D. Scott the long‐time editor of the Caribbean studies journal Small Axe, and both have been concerned with post and de‐colonial politics in the region and the role of temporality and historiography in conceptualisations of the Modern Caribbean and Jamaica in particular. This paper offers an exploration of a decolonial spatial politics and political praxis, through the theory of post‐colonial Caribbean intellectuals, that foregrounds the agentive and insurgent capacity of Black Power as a political movement in the imagining and pre‐figuration of emancipatory futures beyond hegemonic geographies of white supremacy, (neo)colonialism, and (neo)imperialism.

中文翻译:

百慕大黑人权力运动政治中的抵抗和殖民时代的叙事

在本文中,我研究了百慕大黑人权力运动的空间政治及其与更广阔的加勒比海地区和北美黑人权力政治形态的联系。通过与1969年7月10日至13日在百慕大举行的第一届地区国际黑人权力会议(BPC)以及随后该会议在岛上开展的黑人权力政治活动的参与,对这种空间政治进行了详细研究。通过这种接触,可以看出百慕大岛及其黑人人口如何构成激进的黑人权力,思想家和激进主义者的跨国流通的组成部分。本文通过设想替代方案,将岛上的黑人权力政治理解为具有挑战性的霸权地理和白人至上的政治空间,殖民时代的期货以及由此产生的比喻化的政治实践。这样的解读是建立在西印度学者戴维·斯科特(David Scott)和布莱恩·米克斯(Brian Meeks)的理论以及多琳·梅西(Doreen Massey)的空间本体论之上的。数十年来,D。Scott和Meeks一直是加勒比批判思想的主要贡献者,D。Scott是《加勒比海研究》杂志的长期编辑小斧头,都与该地区的后殖民时代政治有关,以及时间性和史学在现代加勒比海特别是牙买加的概念化中的作用。本文通过后殖民地加勒比知识分子的理论,探索了殖民时代的空间政治和政治实践,并提出了黑人权力作为政治运动在对霸权主义以外的解放前途的想象和预变形中的代理和叛乱能力。白人至上,(新)殖民主义和(新)帝国主义的地理位置。
更新日期:2021-05-04
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