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Making space for drones: The contested reregulation of airspace in Tanzania and Rwanda
Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers ( IF 4.320 ) Pub Date : 2021-03-22 , DOI: 10.1111/tran.12448
Andy Lockhart, Aidan While, Simon Marvin, Mateja Kovacic, Nancy Odendaal, Christian Alexander

In contrast to their use in warfare and surveillance, there is growing interest in the potential of “drones for good” to deliver societal benefits, for example by delivering medical products and other essential goods. Yet development of medical and commercial delivery has been limited globally by restrictive regulation to protect airspace safety and security. In this paper we examine how certain African countries have become testbeds for new forms of drone infrastructure and regulation, driven by the overlapping interests of governments, drone operators, and international development agencies. In particular we explore the factors that have led to the development of an advanced medical delivery network in Rwanda and contrast that with the closing down of airspace for drones in Tanzania. The paper makes a distinctive contribution to research on the ongoing constitution of dronespace as a sphere of commercial and governmental activity. Rwanda’s drone delivery system is seen as the forerunner for the wider enclosure and parcelling up of the lower atmosphere into designated drone corridors that limit the democratic and disruptive potential of drone activity in line with prevailing logics of airspace regulation.

中文翻译:

为无人机腾出空间:坦桑尼亚和卢旺达对空域的有争议的重新监管

与在战争和监视中使用无人机相反,人们越来越关注“善良的无人机”带来社会效益的潜力,例如通过交付医疗产品和其他必需品。然而,为了保护空域的安全和保安,限制性的法规在全球范围内限制了医疗和商业交付的发展。在本文中,我们研究了在政府,无人机运营商和国际发展机构的共同利益推动下,某些非洲国家如何成为新型无人机基础设施和监管的试验平台。特别是,我们探索了导致卢旺达建立先进医疗服务网络的因素,并与坦桑尼亚的无人机领空被关闭形成了对比。该论文对正在进行的作为商业和政府活动领域的无人机空间构成的研究做出了独特的贡献。卢旺达的无人机运输系统被视为更宽阔的封闭空间和将较低的大气层散布到指定的无人机走廊的先驱,这些无人机走廊根据空域管制的普遍逻辑限制了无人机活动的民主和破坏性潜力。
更新日期:2021-05-04
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