当前位置: X-MOL 学术J. Geophys. Res. Earth Surf. › 论文详情
Three‐Dimensional Morphometry of Ooids in Oolites: a new tool for more accurate and precise paleoenvironmental interpretation
Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface ( IF 3.558 ) Pub Date : 2021-02-22 , DOI: 10.1029/2020jf005601
Bolton Howes; Akshay Mehra; Adam Maloof

The prevalence of ooids in the stratigraphic record, and their association with shallow‐water carbonate environments, make ooids an important paleoenvironmental indicator. Recent advances in the theoretical understanding of ooid morphology, along with empirical studies from Turks and Caicos, Great Salt Lake, and The Bahamas, have demonstrated that the morphology of ooids is indicative of depositional environment and hydraulic conditions. To apply this knowledge from modern environments to the stratigraphic record of Earth history, researchers measure the size and shape of lithified ooids on two‐dimensional surfaces (i.e., thin sections), often assuming that random 2D slices intersect the nuclei and that the orientation of the ooids is known. Here we demonstrate that these assumptions rarely are true, resulting in errors of up to 35% for metrics like major axis length. We present a method for making 3D reconstructions by serial grinding and imaging, which enables accurate measurement of the morphology of individual ooids within an oolite, as well as the sorting and porosity of a sample. We also provide three case studies that use the morphology of ooids in oolites to extract environmental information. Each case study demonstrates that 2D measurements can be useful if the environmental signal is large relative to the error from 2D measurements. However, 3D measurements substantially improve the accuracy and precision of environmental interpretations. This study focuses on oolites, but errors from 2D measurements are not unique to oolites; this method can be used to extract accurate grain and porosity measurements from any coherent, granular sample.

中文翻译:

卵石中卵石的三维形态学:一种新工具,可更精确地进行古环境解释

地层记录中阿片类物质的普遍性及其与浅水碳酸盐环境的联系使阿片类物质成为重要的古环境指标。关于类固醇形态的理论理解的最新进展,以及来自特克斯和凯科斯群岛,大盐湖和巴哈马的经验研究表明,类固醇的形态指示沉积环境和水力条件。为了将现代环境中的知识应用到地球历史的地层记录中,研究人员通常在假设二维二维切片与原子核相交且其方向为二维的情况下,测量二维表面(即薄片)上的卵石状卵石的大小和形状。燕麦是已知的。这里我们证明这些假设很少是真的,导致诸如主轴长度之类的指标误差高达35%。我们介绍了一种通过串行研磨和成像进行3D重建的方法,该方法能够准确测量橄榄岩中单个卵石的形态以及样品的分类和孔隙率。我们还提供了三个案例研究,这些案例使用橄榄岩中的卵石形态来提取环境信息。每个案例研究都表明,如果环境信号相对于2D测量的误差较大,则2D测量可能会有用。但是,3D测量可以大大提高环境解释的准确性和精确度。这项研究的重点是卵石,但是2D测量产生的误差并不是卵石独有的。该方法可用于从任何相干中提取出准确的晶粒度和孔隙率测量值,
更新日期:2021-02-22
全部期刊列表>>
2021新春特辑
SN Applied Sciences期刊征稿中
JCR Q1医学全学科
虚拟特刊
亚洲大洋洲地球科学
NPJ欢迎投稿
自然科研论文编辑
ERIS期刊投稿
欢迎阅读创刊号
自然职场,为您触达千万科研人才
spring&清华大学出版社
城市可持续发展前沿研究专辑
Springer 纳米技术权威期刊征稿
全球视野覆盖
施普林格·自然新
chemistry
物理学研究前沿热点精选期刊推荐
自然职位线上招聘会
欢迎报名注册2020量子在线大会
化学领域亟待解决的问题
材料学研究精选新
GIANT
ACS ES&T Engineering
ACS ES&T Water
屿渡论文,编辑服务
阿拉丁试剂right
上海中医药大学
南科大-连续三周2.26
西湖大学
化学所
北京大学
山东大学
隐藏1h前已浏览文章
课题组网站
新版X-MOL期刊搜索和高级搜索功能介绍
ACS材料视界
南方科技大学
张凤娇
中国石油大学
天合科研
x-mol收录
试剂库存
down
wechat
bug