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Sharding-Enabled Blockchain for Software-Defined Internet of Unmanned Vehicles in the Battlefield
IEEE NETWORK ( IF 8.808 ) Pub Date : 2021-02-16 , DOI: 10.1109/mnet.011.2000214
Bimal Ghimire; Danda B. Rawat; Chunmei Liu; Jiang Li

The Internet of Unmanned Vehicles (IoUV) is regarded as an emerging technology for military applications not only to make surveillance systems and battlefield operations fully coordinated and automated, but also to provide significant strategic advantages. All the UVs form a coordinated network for exchanging information in IoUV, which enhances context awareness and risk analysis, and improves response time to make the mission effective. This article provides a perspective of fusion of blockchain technology with software defined IoUV, also known as extended 5G, for the battlefield scenario. Software defined IoUV dynamically configures the network parameters and provides network visibility for better security and manageability of the network in IoUV. Block-chain technology helps to provide trustworthy command and control operations in IoUV and stores those operations in tamper-resistant digital ledgers in the form of transactions. Unmanned vehicles (UVs) with high computing, storage, battery life and transmission power act as miners that validate every transaction and are responsible for creating blocks of the blockchain. However, current blockchain technology suffers from scalability; thus, we propose sharding-enabled blockchain to address the issue where shards of lightweight UVs maintain the required number of miners/ auditors to handle the issues when a miner gets destroyed or damaged in the battlefield. Some participating UVs are used as wireless stations to provide persistent wireless connectivity in IoUV. The proposed framework aims to increase the trust and accountability, and to reduce business friction among different units involved in the battlefield.

中文翻译:

用于战场上无人驾驶软件的软件定义互联网的分片启用区块链

无人驾驶互联网(IoUV)被认为是一种军事应用新兴技术,不仅可以使监视系统和战场作业完全协调和自动化,而且还具有重要的战略优势。所有UV都形成了一个协调的网络,用于在IoUV中交换信息,这可以增强上下文意识和风险分析,并缩短响应时间以使任务有效。本文为战场场景提供了区块链技术与软件定义的IoUV(也称为扩展5G)融合的观点。软件定义的IoUV可动态配置网络参数,并提供网络可见性,从而在IoUV中提供更好的网络安全性和可管理性。区块链技术有助于在IoUV中提供值得信赖的命令和控制操作,并将这些操作以交易的形式存储在防篡改的数字分类帐中。具有高计算,存储,电池寿命和传输能力的无人驾驶汽车(UVs)充当矿工,可验证每笔交易并负责创建区块链。但是,当前的区块链技术存在可扩展性。因此,我们建议使用支持分片的区块链来解决以下问题:轻型UV的分片可以维持所需数量的矿工/审核员,以在矿工在战场上被摧毁或破坏时处理这些问题。一些参与的UV用作无线站,以在IoUV中提供持久的无线连接。拟议的框架旨在增加信任度和问责制,
更新日期:2021-02-19
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