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A Review of Personality/Religiousness Associations
Current Opinion in Psychology ( IF 4.162 ) Pub Date : 2021-08-01 , DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2020.08.023
Michael C Ashton, Kibeom Lee

We review research on personality/religiousness associations, integrating earlier meta-analyses with recent large-sample online studies. We find that general religiousness shows small positive associations with broad personality factors (e.g. HEXACO Honesty-Humility, Big Five Agreeableness, Conscientiousness) and somewhat stronger positive associations with narrower personality traits involving prosocial tendencies (e.g. altruism, fairness, forgivingness). The link between religiousness and prosociality appears not to be an artifact of self-report method variance. Religious fundamentalism and spirituality show negative and positive associations, respectively, with the Openness factor of personality. Religiousness/personality associations tend to be weak in relatively non-religious countries but moderately strong in highly religious countries. The direction of causal influence between personality and religiousness is not yet clear. Religiousness shows modest negative associations with IQ and appears to be somewhat negatively related to scientific thinking.

中文翻译:

人格/宗教协会回顾

我们回顾了关于人格/宗教关联的研究,将早期的荟萃分析与最近的大样本在线研究相结合。我们发现,一般宗教表现出与广泛的人格因素有关的小的积极联想(例如,六方诚实,谦卑,五大和睦,尽责),而与亲社会倾向(如利他主义,公平,宽恕)相比,具有较小的积极联想和较窄的人格特质。宗教和亲社会之间的联系似乎不是自我报告方法差异的产物。宗教原教旨主义和灵性与人格的开放性因素分别显示出消极和积极的联系。宗教/人格协会在相对非宗教的国家中往往较弱,但在高度宗教的国家中则较弱。人格与宗教之间因果关系的影响方向尚不清楚。宗教与智商之间存在适度的消极联系,似乎与科学思维有消极关系。
更新日期:2021-08-01
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