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Social lives of tsunami walls in Japan: Concrete culture, social innovation and coastal communities
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science Pub Date : 2021-01-13 , DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/630/1/012029
Sébastien Penmellen Boret and Julia Gerster

This paper is the beginning of a reflection on the ways in which the Great East Japan Disaster (2011) might have changed people’s perception of seawalls and hard coastal defence in Japan. A highly developed society that is prone to frequent large tsunamis and storm surges, Japan’s spending on physical coastal defence has few equals around the world. The development of sea defence became a priority during the 1960-70s when coastal engineers and related agencies developed national standards. One of the chief strategies has been the edification of seawalls and other hard structures, which today surround more than 40% of Japan’s coastlines. This technological advancement might have created a general sentiment of security and trust in the ability of these coastal structures to protect coastal communities, their infrastructures and their nuclear plants. On March 11 2011, however, this general sense of safety was hardly shaken by a M9 earthquake and its ensuing tsunami taking away the ...

中文翻译:

日本海啸墙的社会生活:混凝土文化,社会创新和沿海社区

本文是对东日本大灾难(2011)可能改变人们对日本的海堤和坚硬的海防的看法的反思的开始。日本是一个高度发达的社会,容易遭受海啸和风暴潮的频繁袭击,日本在海上物理防卫方面的支出在世界范围内几乎是平等的。在1960-70年代,沿海工程师和相关机构制定了国家标准,海上防御的发展成为当务之急。首要策略之一是使海堤和其他坚硬的结构得到启发,如今它们已占据了日本40%以上的海岸线。这项技术进步可能已引起人们对这些沿海结构保护沿海社区,其基础设施和核电站的能力的安全感和信任感。
更新日期:2021-01-13
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