Journal of Hazardous Materials ( IF 9.038 ) Pub Date : 2020-11-20 , DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2020.124634
Zahra Amiri; Gholamreza Moussavi; Samira Mohammadi; Stefanos Giannakis

Surface waters are often charged with high amounts of natural organic matter (NOM), organic contaminants and pathogens. In this work, a Vacuum UV/PMS process (VUV-UVC/PMS) was employed for treating river water, assessing the simultaneous NOM mineralization and bacterial disinfection. The VUV-UVC process (without PMS) decreased TOC concentration from 3.83 to 0.15 mg/L within 20 min, achieving complete disinfection. Adding 5 mg/L PMS increased the rate of TOC removal by 80%; complete removal of TOC was achieved in 15 min and disinfection was attained twice as fast. The mechanism of NOM mineralization was scrutinized; aeration played a considerable role due to oxygen supply, mixing, and inducing in-situ H2O2 production. ${\mathrm{HO}}^{\mathrm{•}}$ and ${\mathrm{SO}}_{4}^{\mathrm{•}-}$ were the main radical species involved, alongside an important contribution of the matrix; sulfate enhanced TOC removal, due to the formation of additional radicals, underlining its importance. Furthermore, over 99% TOC reduction and complete disinfection was achieved in the VUV-UVC/PMS process operated under continuous-flow mode with a 2-min hydraulic retention time. Finally, the use of Atrazine (ATZ) as a probe compound and a series of scavenging tests led to an integrated proposal for the mineralization of NOM. Accordingly, the VUV-UVC/PMS process is evaluated as an efficient and promising technology for surface water treatment.

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