Journal of Hazardous Materials ( IF 9.038 ) Pub Date : 2020-11-20 , DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2020.124581 Siqi Tong; Jinyou Shen; Xinbai Jiang; Jiansheng Li; Xiuyun Sun; Zhixiang Xu; Dan Chen
In order to achieve proper disposal of Fenton sludge, a new recycle method for preparing adsorbents based on one-step hydrothermal carbonization synthesis of aminated hydrochar from Fenton sludge (AHFS) was developed. It was found that AHFS prepared at 340°C for 60 min showed Pb2+ adsorption capacity as high as 359.83 mg g-1. Adsorption kinetics and thermodynamics results indicated that chemical interaction, intra-particle diffusion and monolayer homogeneous surface of AHFS dominated in adsorption process. The contribution proportion of different mechanisms, including cation-exchange (43.15%), acidic groups complexation (28.17%) and amino groups complexation (24.06%) to overall Pb2+ adsorption, demonstrated that complexation of surface functional groups played the dominated role in the adsorption process. Especially, the addition of amino was conducive to the increased adsorption capacity of hydrochar. In addition, according to the regeneration test, the magnetic AHFS exhibited a satisfactory reproducibility and recyclability. These findings illustrated that the synthesis of aminated magnetic hydrochar not only provided an innovative and efficient heavy metal adsorbent to remove Pb2+ from wastewater, but also explored a new method for the resource utilization of Fenton sludge.