Gondwana Research ( IF 6.174 ) Pub Date : 2020-11-11 , DOI: 10.1016/j.gr.2020.11.004 Marie Pierre Dabard; Alfredo Loi; Pamela Pavanetto; Mattia Alessio Meloni; Natalia Hauser; Massimo Matteini; Antonio Funedda
The temporal evolution of the sedimentary source areas of the Armorican Massif, involving Ediacaran to Upper Ordovician strata, is investigated to gain insight into the palaeogeographic affinities and changes that occurred as a result of Cadomian orogenesis. Until now, palaeogeographic reconstructions based on geodynamic, stratigraphic and paleontological data have shown geological continuity between the Armorican Massif and the Iberian and Bohemian massifs and have allowed researchers to locate the Armorican Massif near the West African Craton and the Trans-Saharan Belt. This study goes beyond the interpretations based on lithostratigraphic correlation, which may be influenced by allocyclic factors (e.g., sea-level change) or fauna assemblages that have a wide provincial distribution, to provide a correct assessment of sediment flux. To determine the palaeogeographic location more accurately, the provenance of the siliciclastic sediments was examined in this study using U–Pb LA-MC-ICP–MS geochronology on detrital zircons coupled with whole-rock Sm–Nd and zircon Lu–Hf isotope analysis. This work was carried out on the sedimentary succession of the Medio Armorican Domain. The oldest studied sedimentary rocks were shown to belong to the Brioverian succession, which contains mainly 519–781 Ma old zircons, likely derived from sources that are still present in the Armorican basement. Successively, the lower Paleozoic succession was deposited in the rift stages of the Rheic Ocean, with contributions from a new source of 827–1120 Ma old zircons.
A comparison of the zircon populations showed an increase in negative εNd(t) and εHf(t) values of the sedimentary supply in the post-Cadomian samples. Moreover, it revealed that the Medio and North Armorican domains had different locations during the Lower Ordovician, and that some areas of the Iberian Massif and the Medio Armorican Domain close to the Sahara Metacraton and Arabian-Nubian Shield were contiguous.