Precambrian Research ( IF 4.427 ) Pub Date : 2020-10-17 , DOI: 10.1016/j.precamres.2020.105966 O. Bruguier; R. Caby; D. Bosch; K. Ouzegane; E. Deloule; B. Dhuime; A. Bendaoud; J.R. Kienast
The Tighsi area of the Egéré/Aleksod Terrane (Tuareg Shield) contains mafic eclogites interlayered within anatectic metapelites corresponding to metabasalts coeval with a shallow water marine sedimentation. In this study we present in-situ geochronological (U-Pb) and geochemical (major and trace elements, Hf and O isotopes) analyses from a 2.6 mm zircon megacryst found in a high-pressure kyanite pegmatite enclosed in the metapelites.
Oscillatory zoning, HREE-enriched patterns, positive Ce anomalies and the absence of negative Eu anomalies are consistent with crystallization of the megacryst from the anatectic melt. Ti-in-zircon temperatures indicate crystallization at 811 ± 15 °C in an allanite/monazite buffered anatectic melt as evidenced by the low Th/U ratios. Oxygen isotopes yield large intra-grain variations (7.1–12.3‰) with a gradual lowering towards the edge of the grain in contact with secondary feldspathic veinlets. These results indicate fluid-assisted oxygen isotope disturbances, consistent with the low retentivity of O in zircon under wet conditions. Hf isotopes do not display intra-grain variations (mean εHfi = −20.7 ± 1.0) and support production of the leucosome by melting of crustal material. U-Pb analyses of the center of the crystal provide an age of 654 ± 5 Ma (2σ), attributed to post-peak decompression and heating. HP eclogite facies conditions in the Egéré terrane are thus significantly older than HP metamorphism in the western part of the shield (610–625 Ma) in agreement with multiple subduction events along the margins of the Tuareg Shield.
The rim of the megacryst, close to feldspathic veinlets, is characterized by a significant decrease of trace elements (U, Y, HFSE), but preserved identical Hf isotope ratios, which is consistent with recrystallization processes. The rim displays a Ti-in-zircon temperature of 717 ± 28 °C and a U-Pb age of 584 ± 6 Ma (2σ) coeval with the climax of batholith intrusion in Central Hoggar. Reheating and softening of the lower/middle crust at that time may have assisted and favored upward viscous flow of basement domes and escape tectonics along lithospheric shear zones. We propose that the final push of the Saharan metacraton in the east was responsible for the observed architecture of the Egéré terrane, where anatectic elongated domes of basement gneisses alternate with HP metasedimentary synforms.