Landslides ( IF 4.708 ) Pub Date : 2020-10-16 , DOI: 10.1007/s10346-020-01549-6 Sixiang Ling, Chunwei Sun, Xiaoning Li, Yong Ren, Jianxiang Xu, Tao Huang
This work aims to characterize the earthquake-triggered landslides (EQTLs) during the 2017 Jiuzhaigou earthquake and to describe the geological and geomorphological control of landslide hazards. The Jiuzhaigou-EQTLs were studied via field-based investigation and remote sensing techniques during few weeks immediately after the mainshock occurred. The Jiuzhaigou earthquake produced an 11.4-km2 landslide area with 5633 landslides, dominated by shallow disrupted landslides, rock falls, and rockslides/rock avalanche. Statistical analyses show that the Jiuzhaigou-EQTLs had low mobility with a modal apparent friction angle of 40–44°. The Jiuzhaigou-EQTLs mostly occurred at elevations of 2700–3500 m and below 900 m relative relief to the main riverbed, where small-scale landslides were situated at the lower to middle parts of hillslope and large-scale landslides were situated close to the ridge crests. Jiuzhaigou-EQTLs clustered on river valley-side at the upstream of Baihe River (Jiuzhai Paradise and Ganhaizi village), Rize gully, and Danzhu gully on the tectonically active region at the southwest side of seismogenic fault F2. Landslides are prone to failure on the carbonate rocks with anaclinal hillslopes, following the cataclinal and cata-plagioclinal hillslopes. Most Jiuzhaigou-EQTLs preferentially occur on the below low-level break line (L2) in V-shaped valley-side and between first-level (L2) and high-level break line (L1) in U-shaped valley-side formed from long-term paleo-glacier and river incision. We found that landslide frequency is determined by a combination of the earthquake source with ground deformation, slope distribution, and rock strength due to weathering and dissolution along the fractures. Ground surface deformation, rock type (strength), geological structures, and valley-side slope breaks dictated the Jiuzhaigou-EQTL distribution pattern and hazards. This study elucidates the roles that local conditions play in influencing the occurrence, distribution, and frequency of slope failures and provides a better understanding of EQTL phenomenon during the Jiuzhaigou earthquake.