当前位置: X-MOL 学术Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. › 论文详情
Late lactation in small mammals is a critically sensitive window of vulnerability to elevated ambient temperature [Environmental Sciences]
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America ( IF 9.412 ) Pub Date : 2020-09-14 , DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2008974117
Zhi-Jun Zhao, Catherine Hambly, Lu-Lu Shi, Zhong-Qiang Bi, Jing Cao, John R. Speakman

Predicted increases in global average temperature are physiologically trivial for most endotherms. However, heat waves will also increase in both frequency and severity, and these will be physiologically more important. Lactating small mammals are hypothesized to be limited by heat dissipation capacity, suggesting high temperatures may adversely impact lactation performance. We measured reproductive performance of mice and striped hamsters (Cricetulus barabensis), including milk energy output (MEO), at temperatures between 21 and 36 °C. In both species, there was a decline in MEO between 21 and 33 °C. In mice, milk production at 33 °C was only 18% of that at 21 °C. This led to reductions in pup growth by 20% but limited pup mortality (0.8%), because of a threefold increase in growth efficiency. In contrast, in hamsters, MEO at 33 °C was reduced to 78.1% of that at 21 °C, yet this led to significant pup mortality (possibly infanticide) and reduced pup growth by 12.7%. Hamster females were more able to sustain milk production as ambient temperature increased, but they and their pups were less capable of adjusting to the lower supply. In both species, exposure to 36 °C resulted in rapid catastrophic lactation failure and maternal mortality. Upper lethal temperature was lowered by 3 to 6 °C in late lactation, making it a critically sensitive window to high ambient temperatures. Our data suggest future heat wave events will impact breeding success of small rodents, but this is based on animals with a long history in captivity. More work should be performed on wild rodents to confirm these impacts.

更新日期:2020-09-15

 

全部期刊列表>>
物理学研究前沿热点精选期刊推荐
chemistry
《自然》编辑与您分享如何成为优质审稿人-信息流
欢迎报名注册2020量子在线大会
化学领域亟待解决的问题
材料学研究精选新
GIANT
自然职场线上招聘会
ACS ES&T Engineering
科研绘图
ACS ES&T Water
ACS Publications填问卷
屿渡论文,编辑服务
阿拉丁试剂right
张晓晨
田蕾蕾
李闯创
刘天飞
隐藏1h前已浏览文章
课题组网站
新版X-MOL期刊搜索和高级搜索功能介绍
ACS材料视界
天合科研
x-mol收录
X-MOL
苏州大学
廖矿标
深圳湾
试剂库存
down
wechat
bug