Digital Signal Processing ( IF 2.871 ) Pub Date : 2020-09-15 , DOI: 10.1016/j.dsp.2020.102856 Xiaohua Zhang; Qiusheng Lian; Yuchi Yang; Yueming Su
Compressed Sensing theory breaks through the limitation of the Nyquist sampling law and provides theoretical support for accelerating the imaging process of MRI while reconstructing high-quality images. It can use less sampling data through the reconstructed algorithm to restore the original signal. Reconstruction time and reconstruction algorithms play important roles in compressed sensing. However, it is difficult to apply the iterative reconstruction method in clinical applications because of the long reconstruction time. In addition, hand-crafted image prior which is widely used in traditional iterative method lacks of adaptivity for MRI reconstruction. In this paper, inspired by the total variation model, we propose a novel deep network for CSMRI, dubbed as TV-Inspired Network(TVINet), which incorporates the deep priors into the traditional iterative algorithm. We apply a general compressed sensing reconstruction framework inspired by TV regularization and solve it by combines the iterative method with deep learning. The design of TVINet come from the inference process on the basis of Primal Dual Hybrid Gradient algorithm, which makes the network has preferable interpretability. The linear operator and regularization term are learned from the training dataset by using a convolution network. The proposed approach trains the network end-to-end and reconstructs the desired image directly from the under-sampling data. Experimental results show that the proposed method has better PSNR or SSIM than state-of-the-art methods, and maintains more complex and fine details in the reconstructed image.