Chemosphere ( IF 5.778 ) Pub Date : 2020-09-15 , DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.128336 Annachiara Berardinelli; Abdessalem Hamrouni; Sandra Dirè; Riccardo Ceccato; Giovanni Camera-Roda; Luigi Ragni; Leonardo Palmisano; Francesco Parrino
Dielectric barrier discharge plasma and photocatalysis have been proposed as tools for decontamination of process water, especially in food industry. The present investigation aims to redefine and identify the features of coupling the two technologies in terms of degradation efficiency of a model compound. Results show that, when the process is carried out in plasma activated water in the presence of irradiated TiO2, the efficiency of the integrated process is lower than the sum of the two processes acting separately. It is proposed that afterglow species, e.g. hydrogen peroxide and/or peroxynitrites could be activated by UVA light irradiation producing hydroxyl radicals in the liquid phase. Even if TiO2 limits this additional effect by acting as UVA screen barrier material, its decontamination efficiency under certain conditions results higher than that obtained with plasma systems. These results open the route to chlorine-free decontamination processes and redefine the application framework of this integrated approach.