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Do Religious People Self-Enhance?
Current Opinion in Psychology ( IF 4.162 ) Pub Date : 2021-08-01 , DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2020.08.002
Constantine Sedikides, Jochen E Gebauer

We ask if and when religious individuals self-enhance more than non-believers. First, religious individuals self-enhance on domains central to their self-concept. Specifically, they exhibit the Better-Than-Average Effect: They rate themselves as superior on attributes painting them as good Christians (e.g. traits like 'loving' or 'forgiving,' Biblical commandments) than on control attributes. Likewise, they exhibit the Overclaiming Effect: They assert superior, but false, knowledge on domains highly relevant to religiosity (e.g. international health charities, humanitarian aid organizations) than on control domains. Second, religious individuals self-enhance strongly in religious (than secular) cultures, which elevate religion to a social value. Finally, Christians may self-enhance in general, perhaps due to their conviction that they have a special relationship with God.

中文翻译:

宗教人士会自我增强吗?

我们询问宗教人士是否以及何时比非宗教人士更自我增强。首先,宗教人士在其自我概念的核心领域自我增强。具体而言,它们表现出优于平均的效果:在将自己描绘成优秀的基督徒的属性(例如,“爱”或“宽恕”,《圣经》诫命等特质)上,他们的自我评价比对控制属性的评价高。同样,它们表现出“夸大其名”的作用:他们主张与宗教高度相关的领域(例如国际卫生慈善机构,人道主义援助组织)比控制领域具有更高的权威,但是虚假的。第二,宗教个体在宗教(而非世俗)文化中具有强烈的自我增强能力,这将宗教提升为一种社会价值。最后,基督徒通常可以自我增强,
更新日期:2021-08-01
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