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Object attachment and decision-making
Current Opinion in Psychology ( IF 4.162 ) Pub Date : 2021-06-01 , DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2020.07.019
Stephanie D Preston, Andrew D MacMillan-Ladd

The perceived value of our possessions extends well beyond their monetary worth or utility. Many possessions produce abiding attachments and contain deep conceptual meanings, which strongly influence our drive to acquire, retain, or relinquish them. In both the endowment effect and hoarding disorder (HD) research had focused on the degree that a fear of loss produces overvaluation by owners. There is evidence for this at both the behavioral and neural level, for example with self-reported negative emotions and activation in the insula and anterior cingulate cortex when one struggles to relinquish a good. However, there is also evidence from both fields that positive appraisals, motivations, and attachments participate in this process, with supporting activation in the dopaminergic mesolimbocortical system (e.g. nucleus accumbens and orbitofrontal cortex). These processes appear continuous between typical and clinical populations and with decisions about rewarding items in other contexts and species, such as food storing in rodents and offspring care in mammals. More research is needed on the degree that our attachment to and protection of goods reflect ancient neural systems for offspring care. We also need to study participants from other demographics and levels of wealth, and to consider how task framing shifts the proportion of associated negative and positive emotional states.

中文翻译:

对象附着和决策

我们拥有的财产的感知价值远远超出其货币价值或效用。许多财产产生持久的依恋,并包含深层的概念意义,这些意义极大地影响着我们获取,保留或放弃它们的动力。在the赋效应和ho积症(HD)方面,研究都集中在对损失的恐惧会导致所有者高估的程度上。在行为和神经方面都有证据表明,例如,当人们努力放弃一种产品时,自我报告的负面情绪以及在岛突和前扣带回皮层的激活。但是,这两个领域也有证据表明,积极的评估,动机和依恋参与了这一过程,并支持了多巴胺能中皮层皮层系统的活化(例如 伏隔核和眶额皮质)。这些过程在典型人群和临床人群之间似乎是连续的,并且在其他环境和物种中会做出有关奖励物品的决定,例如啮齿动物中的食物存储和哺乳动物的后代护理。关于我们对商品的依恋和保护反映了后代护理的古老神经系统的程度,还需要进行更多的研究。我们还需要研究其他人口统计学和财富水平的参与者,并考虑任务框架如何改变相关的负面和正面情绪状态的比例。关于我们对商品的依恋和保护反映了后代护理的古老神经系统的程度,还需要进行更多的研究。我们还需要研究其他人口统计学和财富水平的参与者,并考虑任务框架如何改变相关的负面和正面情绪状态的比例。关于我们对商品的依恋和保护反映了后代护理的古老神经系统的程度,还需要进行更多的研究。我们还需要研究其他人口统计学和财富水平的参与者,并考虑任务框架如何改变相关的负面和正面情绪状态的比例。
更新日期:2021-06-01
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