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Distinct formation history for deep-mantle domains reflected in geochemical differences
Nature Geoscience ( IF 13.566 ) Pub Date : 2020-06-29 , DOI: 10.1038/s41561-020-0599-9
Luc S. Doucet; Zheng-Xiang Li; Hamed Gamal El Dien; Amaury Pourteau; J. Brendan Murphy; William J. Collins; Nadine Mattielli; Hugo K. H. Olierook; Christopher J. Spencer; Ross N. Mitchell

The Earth’s mantle is currently divided into the African and Pacific domains, separated by the circum-Pacific subduction girdle, and each domain features a large low shear-wave velocity province (LLSVP) in the lower mantle. However, it remains controversial as to whether the LLSVPs have been stationary through time or dynamic, changing in response to changes in global subduction geometry. Here we compile radiogenic isotope data on plume-induced basalts from ocean islands and oceanic plateaus above the two LLSVPs that show distinct lead, neodymium and strontium isotopic compositions for the two mantle domains. The African domain shows enrichment by subducted continental material during the assembly and breakup of the supercontinent Pangaea, whereas no such feature is found in the Pacific domain. This deep-mantle geochemical dichotomy reflects the different evolutionary histories of the two domains during the Rodinia and Pangaea supercontinent cycles and thus supports a dynamic relationship between plate tectonics and deep-mantle structures.
更新日期:2020-06-29

 

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